Symptoms of ovulation - on which day of the cycle occurs
Every woman has a menstrual cycle individually and has its own specific duration. Determining the day of ovulation is especially important for couples who are planning to conceive a child. When ovulation occurs, if the cycle is 35 days.
On average, a normal menstrual cycle lasts 28-30 days. Do not worry if the cycle lasts 35 - 40 days, we are not talking about pathology, and perhaps this is just a feature of the body.
It is important to track the regularity monthly. The woman determines the duration of the menstrual cycle independently; you can keep a special diary or calendar. With the advent of numerous programs, data can be entered into the phone, which is very convenient and will never be lost.
Factors that can affect menstrual disorders:
- neuroses and stressful situations
- hormonal disorders,
- infectious or inflammatory gynecological diseases,
- depressed state
- chronic diseases of the body,
- overweight or, on the contrary, severe weight loss,
- endocrine pathologies,
- use of antidepressants and hormonal drugs.
A constant cycle of 35 days is not a deviation from the norm. Worry is when a woman notes the delay of menstruation and changes in the duration of menstruation. These signs require an appeal to a specialist, as they may indicate a failure in the female body.
If the cycle is 35 days, when does ovulation occur? A very frequent question from women who are faced with the phenomenon of late ovulation.
Most women know that fertilization is possible in the middle of the cycle; it is during this period that the egg cell comes out. Therefore, with a cycle of 35 days, ovulation will begin on days 19-22 from the start of the cycle. But these days can also vary depending on the state of the woman and the presence of certain factors.
The main factors that influence the onset of ovulation:
- the beginning of menopause,
- stressful situations
- hormonal disruptions
- period after the birth of the child.
To determine which day will be more favorable for conception and fertilization will help:
- Ovulation test. It can be purchased at the pharmacy. It is carried out in the morning when the greatest amount of hormone is in the urine. Instructions for the correct conduct of the test is in the package.
- Measurement of basal body temperature and graphing. The temperature rises to 37 degrees, on ordinary days around 36.6. How to measure the basal temperature can be found additionally in a separate article or ask a question at the visit of the gynecologist.
- Analysis of urine and saliva for luteinizing hormone, which is determined in the ovulatory period,
- Ultrasound to determine the growth and development of the follicle and the tentative determination of the day of its rupture and release of the egg.
- To listen to your body, on the days of ovulation, women notice puffiness of the mammary glands, soreness, nagging pain in the lower abdomen, abundant transparent discharge, increased sexual attraction. On these grounds, one can judge the onset of ovulatory syndrome. Each of the fair sex they flow individually.
Days for ultrasound and testing should be agreed with the doctor.
Ovulation should occur 2 weeks before the onset of the next menstrual period and if the egg leaves in the late period, the body does not have time to prepare for the onset of pregnancy.
Ovulation itself lasts about 24 hours and if fertilization does not occur during this period, it dies. Further conception is possible only in the next cycle.
Symptoms that require a visit to a doctor:
- Anovulation was more than 2 times
- the rise in basal temperature occurs at the end of the cycle, and not in the middle, as expected,
- temperature fluctuations throughout the cycle,
- after menstruation, the temperature does not decrease, but remains elevated.
In gynecologists, there is such a definition that a cycle of less than 22 days and more than 40 is considered a deviation from the norm and requires clarification of the cause. Therefore, it is important to monitor the duration of your cycle on a monthly basis and in the event of any deviations or experiences, contact a specialist.
Even if you are not planning a pregnancy, tracking ovulation is considered very important, since if there are any violations, it will take a certain amount of time to correct them. Then planning conception in due time will not make you worry.
How to calculate the date of ovulation with a 30-day cycle
When the ovulatory period begins, the body becomes fully ready to conceive a baby. Therefore, women who want to become pregnant begin to calculate ovulatory days in order to accurately determine the most favorable day for conception.
If, with a standard 28-day cycle, the egg cell comes out in its middle, then how are girls with a smaller or larger cycle?
If the cycle is 30 days, then when will ovulation, how to make accurate calculations and feel the onset of the day X, if the woman, for example, late ovulation?
If you are unable to calculate favorable days yourself, you should contact a specialist.
Little about ovulation
Ovulation is a definite feminine condition when a mature reproductive cell ready for fertilization comes out of the ovary. In fact, ovulation is a stage of the cycle that follows between the follicle-stimulating and luteinizing phases.
In most women, the maturation and release of the female cell is regular, systematic, repeating every 20-35 days.
And follicular and gonadotropic hormonal substances regulate the frequency of ovulatory periods.
At the very beginning of the female cycle, the nucleation of a multitude of cells that develops in the follicular structures of the ovary occurs. One of them is far ahead in the development of the rest, acquiring a dominant status.
The duration of development and maturation of the egg is about 11-15 days. By the time of the final maturation of the dominant follicle, its rupture occurs and the cell comes out. All these processes are controlled by the estrogen hormone.
But when the cell finally matures, the estrogen drops, and instead, the level of progesterone rises sharply. It is this hormonal jump that causes the follicle to break when ovulation occurs.
From now until the end of the cycle, progesterone is responsible for all processes associated with the egg cell.
The ovulatory period lasts about 12-48 hours, which is caused by the individual characteristics of the female body. When ovulation is completed, the next phase of the cycle begins - luteinizing, when conception becomes impossible. There are many ways to calculate the ovulatory phase, some of them are more accurate than the others, but everyone deserves attention.
How to calculate ovulation for a 30-day cycle
In some cases, additional examinations are required.
When a woman cannot become pregnant for a long time, then she involuntarily begins to calculate the favorable days of the cycle for a successful conception.
In other words, the ovulatory day begins to count. Experts recommend counting ovulation using a simple formula.
From the date of the expected start of the next menstruation, it is necessary to take 14 days, since the duration of the luteinizing phase normally amounts to exactly 2 weeks.
So, we are interested in when the ovulatory period begins, if the cycle is 30 days. From 30 (cycle duration) subtract 14 (days of the second phase of the cycle). It turns out 16, which means that on the 16th day ovulation should occur at a cycle of 30 days, but some discrepancy of ± 2 days is allowed. It is on this principle that the day the egg cell matures and leaves for other indicators.
If a woman’s cycle time is unstable, then calculating the onset of the ovulatory period in a calendar way will be problematic. In such situations, you can use other methods to calculate the female cell release date, which include ultrasound monitoring, pharmacy strip testing, and basal measurements.
This method of determining the ovulatory phase is also called filiculometry. The purpose of this study is to monitor follicular growth and the release of an egg from the ovary.
- With a 30-day cycle, ultrasound monitoring begins on the 10-11 day of the cycle, i.e. approximately 4-5 days before the middle of the monthly cycle.
- Subsequent sessions of ultrasound monitoring of the egg are held every two days and last until the release of the egg.
- The onset of the ovulatory period is confirmed by ultrasound diagnostics, when on the eve of the follicle size was 20-24 mm, and now the growth of the yellowish gland has begun.
- The procedure can be carried out through the vagina or through the abdominal wall.
- With intravaginal examination, no prior preparation is required, the main thing is to empty the bladder.
- For abdominal examination, a traditional examination is performed through the abdominal wall. For it to pass without difficulty, it is necessary to exclude all products that can provoke flatulence or bloating for three days prior to monitoring, and you should not eat and drink at least a liter of water on the day of the inspection.
Ultrasound monitoring requires certain financial costs, but it is the most accurate method for determining the date when ovulation occurs. There are less costly methods for determining the onset of ovulation.
Measurements are taken in the morning, immediately after waking up.
Proper measurement of basal temperature will help determine whether the patient is normal, early or late ovulation. This is one of the easiest ways to determine favorable days for conception.
To use it, it is necessary to measure rectal temperature indicators daily for several months. This should be done after the morning awakening, while you can not get out of bed. Just woke up, and immediately after the thermometer. All results must be carefully noted on a special schedule.
At the end of the cycle, all the points with the measurement results are combined into a broken graph. During the monthly measurements are not carried out.
On the days when the graph shows a sharp decrease, and then a rapid increase in temperature, and ovulation occurs. It is better to use simple mercury thermometers for measurements, although electronic ones are quite suitable.
The main thing is to make all the measurements with the same thermometer, then the results will be as accurate as possible.
With the help of such a schedule, a woman will be able to easily determine fertile days, as well as the nature of egg cell maturation (early or late ovulation), etc.
A simpler way to determine the ovulatory phase is the use of special pharmaceutical strip strips. Such tests are available at any pharmacy points.
Since we are interested in ovulation with a cycle of 30 days, then from about 13 days we need to start taking measurements. If ovulation is not observed, then the second strip will be absent. But on the eve or on the 15th day the test line will be as bright as the control one.
A similar sign says that the coming ovulatory period is coming, which must be expected in the next 24 hours.
Testing is carried out by analogy with tests for the identification of conception.
It is necessary to lower the strip into a container with fresh urine for a few seconds, then put it on a dry surface and after five minutes read the result.
If the test strip shows up, and the control strip is missing, then the testing is considered unreliable, since such a test is flawed, it cannot show the correct, true result.
Signs of an egg release
Determine the onset of ovulation, a woman can and on internal sensations, external signs and various changes in the body.
The ovulatory period may not always reveal itself by pronounced manifestations, some women will have no symptoms.
But experts say that if you listen to your inner feelings, you can feel the time when the egg will leave the ovary.
The oncoming onset of the ovulatory phase can be guessed by various symptoms.
- For painful sensations, you should consult a doctor. Regardless of whether late ovulation in a woman is early or early, the first manifestation of this is short-term pain in the abdomen of a pulling nature.
- Also, the patient notes a slight increase in the number of mucous whites.
- On the eve of the cell exit, there is a decrease, and then a sharp increase in rectal temperature.
- If the patient has any ovulatory disorders or pathological failures, then the first signs of ovulation may not be. Such violations can be caused by inflammatory processes in the urogenital system, stress and systemic pathologies, as well as tumor processes.
If a girl has reached puberty and reproductive age long ago, and there are no signs of ovulation, then there is a possibility that anovulation takes place.
In addition, the absence of any ovulatory signs indicates that the patient is infertile.
The main thing is to notice the problem in time and contact a specialist who will select the necessary preparations for the correction of the cycle.
Symptoms of the onset of the ovulatory period
As mentioned above, upon the onset of the ovulatory period, changes occur with cervical mucus, which becomes more abundant and liquefies, acquiring the consistency of egg white. It is with such secretions that the body tells the woman that she is ready for conception.
With regard to basal temperature, then before the onset of ovulation, they fall, and the next day they rise sharply. It is after this increase and you need to wait for the release of the egg.
Those couple of days when there will be a slight increase in temperature, are considered the most fertile, it is then that the chances of conceiving the maximum.
Before the onset of the ovulatory phase, a serious hormonal alteration occurs associated with an increase in the production of luteinizing hormone.
By the way, tests to determine ovulation work on the principles of identifying this hormone, and, more precisely, on its reactions with certain chemicals.
Also about the onset of ovulation says some malaise, pain in the abdomen and pulling discomfort in the lumbar region.
Also, signs such as increased libido, swelling of the mammary glands, sudden mood swings and excessive, chronic fatigue, tearfulness and tearfulness also speak of the onset of the ovulatory phase.
Early and late ovulation
Ovulatory periods are late or later than usual, that is, early and late ovulation.
If during the 30-day cycle the cell matures for 11-12 days, then such an ovulation is considered early, if it began later than the prescribed period, then the late ovulatory phase is diagnosed.
Such shifts can occur against the background of frequent sexual intercourse, exhausting diet, heavy physical exertion, hormonal disorders, diseases, etc.
At the same time, the probability of conception is preserved depending on how many days ovulation lasts. In fact, this action takes only a few minutes until the cell breaks the follicle and is selected from it. All in fact ovulation happened. But in medicine it is accepted to call the ovulatory period not only the time of the female cell's release, but also the period of its existence.
If the egg does not come out
In some cases, during the ovulation cycle does not occur at all, then they talk about anovulation. Even in the most healthy patients, the cells are not able to mature at every cycle; about a couple of cycles remain without ovulation, which is quite normal.
Gradually, these cycles are becoming more and more, as the body is aging, and follicular stocks are depleted. By the age of 35, almost every second or third cycle is anovulatory.
In addition to physiological reasons, a variety of psycho-emotional experiences, stress, inflammatory diseases of the genital organs and the urinary system, dysfunctional disorders of the activity of intraorganic structures, etc., can provoke such a state.
So, to calculate the ovulatory period is not at all difficult even on your own. If traditional home techniques such as basal graphs or ovulatory pharmacy tests do not give results, then you need to contact the specialists who, if necessary, will conduct ultrasound monitoring.
Why can ovulation come early, how early and how to plan conception with it?
The basis of the fertility of women is based on a physiological process such as ovulation, which is caused by the release of an egg cell ready for fertilization from the follicle. And precisely at this time the highest chances of conceiving a child. It is considered that ovulation, with a standard cycle of 28 days, falls exactly on the middle of the cycle.
Но при этом сроки созревания яйцеклетки – процесс сугубо индивидуальный, который зависит от целого ряда факторов, включая физиологические особенности организма каждой отдельно взятой женщины. Так, к примеру, в медицине существует такое понятие, как ранняя овуляция.
Каковые же особенности этого процесса и влияет ли раннее созревание яйцеклетки на зачатие?
Ранняя овуляция: особенности и причины возникновения
Менструальный цикл состоит из 3-х фаз:
Phases are cyclical and they consistently change each other. Depending on the physiological characteristics of the woman's body, the duration of the follicular period may vary for everyone. Ovulation, as a rule, lasts no more than 48 hours. In turn, the luteal phase is standard - its duration is always 14 days.
With a standard MC in 28 days, ovulation will be in the middle of the cycle. If the cycle time is more or less than the standard, then to determine the cell maturation, it is enough to subtract 14 days from the last day of the cycle, which fall on the luteal phase - this will be the day of ovulation.
In the event that the release of an egg occurs earlier than the 14th cyclic day, then such ovulation is called early. Early maturation of the germ cell can occur as early as the 9th day of the menstrual cycle. Taking into account the fact that, on average, the duration of menstruation is 5-7 days, in the case of RO, the fertile period occurs immediately after the completion of menstruation.
The causes of early ovulation are still not fully understood. Some experts refer to constant stress, malaise, while others believe that this phenomenon may be the result of hormonal imbalance. But be that as it may, the main reasons for the early maturation of the germ cell are still considered:
- physiological features of the body,
- short menstrual cycle
- double ovulation.
With a short menstrual cycle, at 21-25 days, cell maturation at 10-14 days is considered normal. But in medicine it is already considered a premature release of the egg.
The duration of the MC, according to doctors, is influenced by many factors, including:
- excessive passion for tobacco and alcoholic beverages,
- prolonged stress and depression,
- chronic malaise, strict diets, avitaminosis and deficiency of other microelements necessary for full-fledged vital activity,
- hormonal imbalance
- uncontrolled intake of potent drugs
- the presence of inflammatory processes
- abrupt climate change
- heavy physical exertion
- abortion, postpartum,
- the beginning of menopause,
- ovarian dysfunction.
In addition, it is worth noting that almost always the early maturation of the egg occurs after the cancellation of oral contraceptives.
Two ovulations in one menstrual cycle
If the MC is typical, then only one egg cell will mature in it. But sometimes atypical menstrual cycles occur when double ovulation occurs. At the same time, you should not confuse double ovulation with a mixed pregnancy, when 2 eggs were fertilized at the same time.
Double maturation of the germ cell occurs rarely - in the world practice, 11 cases of double pregnancy were recorded, when conception occurred with a certain time interval. Read more about this phenomenon in one of our previous articles. Two ovulations in one cycle.
Read on to see if you can get pregnant with early ovulation.
How does RO appear and can it be defined?
Signs of early ovulation are identical to those typical of normal, timely egg maturation:
- changing the nature of vaginal secretions - the cervical secretion becomes more viscous and viscous, and in appearance it resembles egg white,
- pulling pains in the abdomen,
- mood swings,
- swelling of the mammary glands and increasing their sensitivity,
- increase sexual libido.
With regard to the definition of the occurrence of RO, then it can be diagnosed by one of the following methods:
- change in basal temperature,
- using special tests,
- ultrasound procedure.
Is ovulation possible after menstruation?
In the case of early ovulation, conception immediately after menstruation is not a myth, but a real situation. But at the same time, it should be said that such cases are not often encountered in medicine, since in most similar cases this phenomenon is caused by the maturation of the germ cells in two ovaries. In this case, ovulation may occur on the 7th day of the menstrual cycle.
The principle of this phenomenon is as follows: in one ovary, the follicle matures, breaks, releasing an egg cell. For lack of fertilization, come monthly. At the same time, the second ovary coming out of the second ovary is ready for fertilization.
For reference! The earliest maturation of the sex cell is fixed on the 5th day of the MC, that is, when the monthly periods have not even ended.
Features of conception with PO
The peculiarity of conception during early maturation of an egg cell is only in the fact that a woman’s body, or rather its reproductive system, may not work cyclically. That is, we can talk either about the exit of an immature germ cell, or about the unpreparedness of the endometrium to accept a fertilized egg, if the conception does take place.
But otherwise, pregnancy with RO is no different from conception at a later period of MC. In such cases, it can occur under such conditions:
- active sex life
- lack of inflammation in the woman’s body,
- the readiness of its reproductive system to accept gestational eggs in case the conception takes place earlier than usual.
The only possible problem with such an atypical MC is the difficulty of determining the fertile period.
There is a need for treatment?
Can early ovulation be the result of pathological processes occurring in a woman's body? It is difficult to answer this question. This reproductive phenomenon can be both episodic and regular.
Early maturation of the germ cell does not pose a danger to the reproductive health of women, and therefore, there is no need for a medical adjustment of the fertile period.
Another thing, when the violation of ovulatory processes occurred due to any pathological conditions. Anyone can be determined only by resorting to the help of specialists. In most cases, such a change is characteristic of a hormonal imbalance in a woman’s body.
And in this case, only a medical adjustment will help to establish the work of the reproductive system.
Summarizing all the above, let's summarize a little:
- Premature ovulation involves the process of maturation of the egg, which differs from the standard cycles in its premature release of the germ cell from the follicle.
- This pathological phenomenon may be a physiological feature of a woman’s body, and may result from hormonal imbalance. Therefore, when an atypical MC is manifested, it is advisable to consult a specialist.
- Conception during early ovulation is no different from the standard fertilization process, which occurred in due time.
Have you or your friends encountered in practice a similar phenomenon? Perhaps someone told you about such an atypical manifestation of the reproductive system?
If the cycle is 32 days when ovulation
"Ovulation" If the cycle is 32 days when ovulation
The article will tell you how to determine or calculate ovulation at home.
A woman who knows about her ovulation can afford to get pregnant faster or, on the contrary, protect herself from unplanned pregnancy.
How to calculate ovulation for conception?
Why do you need to know about ovulation and how it will help you to conceive in the article Ovulation and Pregnancy. When does conception occur after ovulation?
Determine ovulation in the following ways:
- By ultrasound. The procedure does not calculate you the exact date of the egg, but just about the absence or approximation of ovulation
- By monthly
- Basal temperature
- Ovulation Test
- According to well-being and body signals
IMPORTANT: Read more about each item below.
How to calculate ovulation monthly?
There is a common myth that ovulation occurs on the 14th day of the menstrual cycle, i.e. on day 14 from the start of the next menstrual period. Such a statement is really a myth, since the day of ovulation directly depends on the length of the menstrual cycle.
The menstrual cycle consists of two phases: the follicular phase and the corpus luteum phase.
More or less, the overall duration of the second phase is 12-16 days. As you can see, the average number is really 14. But the countdown is not from the first day of the month, but from the last day of the cycle, i.e. the day before the next menstruation.
How to calculate ovulation for an irregular cycle?
With an irregular cycle, you can calculate the date of ovulation in the same ways, but with some features:
- For monthly you can not calculate the day of ovulation. After all, to calculate you need to know the length of the cycle, and you know this when an irregular cycle cannot
- On the test for ovulation. The first problem of this method is that it is difficult to guess which day to do the test. The second problem is that the test can show a false positive result. This is explained by the fact that the failure of the cycle often talks about hormonal problems in the body. And if hormones are not produced according to the norms, then the production of a hormone in larger quantities than expected can trigger a false reaction of the test.
- According to the symptoms. This method also works with an irregular cycle. Read more about the method below.
- Ultrasound. You can do an ultrasound, but with a 45-day cycle, you will have to visit a lot of ultrasounds, tracking the growth dynamics of the follicle. And this will result in you a considerable penny
- Basal temperature measurement is a fairly effective method with an irregular cycle. But you should first make a graph of basal temperature for 3 months, noting the exact figures every day. This will allow you to understand what kind of temperature jump occurs during ovulation in your body. Read more about the basal temperature of ovulation and conception below and in the article Ovulation and Pregnancy. When does conception occur after ovulation?
How to calculate the ovulation cycle?
To make an ovulation cycle, you should record the cycle duration indicators for 6 months. Based on the results, make the following calculations:
- From the longest cycle subtract 11
- Take away the shortest cycle 18
- The period between the days received and the week most likely for the onset of ovulation
The longest cycle was 36 days. Do simple calculations: 36-11 = 25 day cycle.
The shortest cycle was 28 days. 28-18 = 10 day of the menstrual cycle.
This means that the most likely period for the onset of ovulation and conception in a particular woman is the interval between the 10th and 26th day of the cycle. That is, there are 16 probable days for it.
Basal temperature during ovulation
Basal temperature indicators are one of the methods for determining the onset of ovulation. But one dimension will not be enough for you, since each woman will have her own indicators:
- In order for the information to be reliable, you need to make a graph of basal temperature over the past three months.
- It is necessary to measure the temperature every day at the same time (how to measure the basal temperature, read in the next section)
- After 3 months, make a schedule from the first day of the cycle to the last for each month.
- During the first phase of the cycle, the basal temperature will be below 37 ° C.
- Then you will see a decrease of several degrees (you may not fix this short period)
- Then there will be a sharp race.
- This will be a signal of the onset of ovulation.
- This temperature is high and will stay until the next cycle or will increase when the pregnancy occurs.
When the system may fail:
- Woman takes hormonal drugs
- Woman takes other potent drugs
- Woman drank alcohol
- Disturbances in the body: the failure of the hormonal system, women's problems
- The rules for measuring basal temperature are violated (for more details, read the next section of this article)
- Climate change
IMPORTANT: If in some months the temperature did not rise above 37 C - do not worry. This can happen 1-2 times a year. This is called anovulatory cycle, i.e. cycle without ovulation
Signals to consult a doctor:
- Anovulatory cycle was more than two times
- The basal temperature rises only by the end of the cycle, and not in the expected period of ovulation
- The temperature rises and falls throughout the entire cycle.
- If, after the onset of menstruation, the temperature has not returned to the lower indices, but continues to remain high
IMPORTANT: All specified information will be valid only on condition of correct measurement of basal temperature (read more below)
What day is coming
Ovulation - the release of an egg (oocyte) from the ovary. Tearing the walls of the follicle, it goes into the fallopian tubes. If active sperm are present in them at this moment, fertility is likely.
When does ovulation occur? In women with a normal and regular cycle in 28-30 days - for 14-15 days. But the body can not work like a machine, so deviations occur - the egg can leave the follicle for 11-21 days.
Important! The duration of ovulation is 12–48 hours, spermatozoa are able to maintain viability of 3–7 days. These factors should be taken into account for girls who do not plan to become a mother in the near future. 5 days before and after the expected date of release of the egg should use barrier contraceptives.
The release of an egg from the ovary is accompanied by certain hormonal changes. Ovulation can be determined by a number of characteristic signs that are equally manifested in women with any length of the menstrual cycle.
The main symptoms of ovulation:
- Changes in the type and consistency of vaginal secretions - during ovulation, the cervical fluid becomes viscous and transparent, which facilitates the movement of the egg and sperm. The color of mucus can be white, yellow, pink.
- Increases the amount of natural lubrication during sexual contact.
- The mammary glands slightly increase in volume, they hurt, their sensitivity increases.
- The position of the cervix changes - it rises higher, becomes softer.
- Increased libido on the background of a hormonal surge, the body sends signals of readiness for conception.
- Minor bloody spotting - appear after the rupture of the follicle.
- Pain, spasms in the lower abdomen, most often on the one hand, occur when the walls of the follicle rupture, the uterine tube contracts, during the movement of the egg. Normally, discomfort is short-lived.
Among the additional symptoms at the end of ovulation, bloating, upset stool, increased appetite, headache, and mood swings most often occur.
Long menstrual cycle - 35–45 days. Since the stage of the corpus luteum is approximately the same for all women, then to determine ovulation with a long cycle, it is necessary to subtract from its duration 14.
For example, with a cycle of 35 days, the calculation scheme is as follows: 35 - 14 = 21, ovulation should occur on day 21.
The average is the menstrual cycle, which lasts 28–32 days, with menstrual flow observed for 3–5 days. Ovulation occurs after 12–15 days, with a 32-day cycle — after 18 days, but it all depends on the individual characteristics of the organism.
How many days after ovulation will the test show pregnancy? A weak second band may appear on the test after 6–12 days, when the embryo is implanted. On what day exactly this happens, depends on the hormonal levels.
The duration of the short cycle is less than 25-26 days. To calculate the day of the egg's release, we need to subtract 14 from the cycle length, for example, 25 - 14 = 11. The favorable period for conception will come on the 11th day after the menstrual period.
If the menstrual cycle constantly lasts less than 21 days, the gynecologist can diagnose polymenorrhea, in such cases, ovulation often occurs immediately after the menstrual period, for 7–8 days.
To calculate the favorable period for conception with an irregular cycle, it will take a lot of effort - to keep a schedule, to measure the basal temperature regularly throughout the year.
To calculate the ovulation period, it is necessary to subtract 11 from the longest cycle, from the shortest - 18. The values obtained will indicate the interval in which conception may occur, but with an irregular cycle, these figures can be a week or more.
Table of approximate ovulation date
Quite often, there is early or late ovulation. Most often, such abnormalities are associated with hormonal disruption, which causes disturbances in the bundle of the hypothalamus - pituitary - ovaries. Allowable deviations of ovulation terms - 1-3 days.
Late ovulation - the release of the egg occurs after the 20th day of the cycle, often observed before the onset of menopause. This pathology increases the risk of chromosomal abnormalities, congenital malformations in a child, miscarriage.
Why the ovulatory period is extended:
- hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism,
- benign neoplasms in the pituitary gland,
- adrenal insufficiency,
- severe stress
- physical exhaustion, intense training,
- a sharp decrease or increase in weight by more than 10%,
- long-term use of hormonal drugs.
Поздняя овуляция бывает и во время естественного вскармливания. При восстановлении месячных после родов длинная фолликулярная фаза может наблюдаться в течение полугода. Это явление считается нормальным, так организм предотвращает повторную беременность.
Нетипичные случаи овуляции
Can there be 2 times ovulation in one cycle? In rare cases, 2 ovules go out into the fallopian tubes at once. Follicle rupture occurs in one of the ovaries with a difference of several days, or in both ovaries simultaneously.
Ovulation occurs immediately after the end of menstruation - this happens if menstruation lasts more than 5 days, which provokes a hormonal imbalance. The reason may be non-simultaneous maturation of follicles in the two ovaries, this pathology often becomes the cause of pregnancy after sex during critical days.
Important! Anovulatory cycle is observed in adolescence, before menopause. In women over 30 years old, 2-3 cycles are allowed per year. If there is no timely release of the egg - this is one of the main signs of pregnancy, it is necessary to determine the level of hCG.
Not all women show signs of an egg's release clearly, so it is necessary to use additional methods for determining the favorable period for conception.
How to determine ovulation:
- Basal temperature - the most accurate data can be obtained when measured in the rectum. This should be done at the same time immediately after waking up, without getting out of bed. It is better to use a mercury thermometer, the duration of the procedure is 5-7 minutes. In the first half of the cycle, the rectal temperature is 36.6-36.8 degrees. Immediately before the breakthrough of the follicle, a sharp decline in indicators occurs, then they increase to 37.1–37.2 degrees. The accuracy of the method is over 93%.
- Pupil syndrome is a gynecological term that indicates the condition of the cervix of the cervix. During the follicular phase, the pharynx expands, opens up as much as possible just before ovulation, on the sixth day it narrows. The reliability of the method is about 60%.
- State of mucus - using a serrated forceps, you need to take a small amount of discharge from the cervical canal, stretch it. 2 days before ovulation, the length of the thread is 9–12 cm, it gradually decreases, after 6 days the mucus completely loses viscosity. The accuracy of the method is more than 60%.
- Home tests to measure the level of LH in the urine - this method is only suitable for women with a regular cycle, otherwise you will have to use it constantly. There are reusable systems for the analysis of saliva, but they are expensive. If LH is high all the time, it can be a sign of stress or polycystic ovary. When to do the test? 14–16 days before the expected date of menstruation.
- Ultrasound - the most accurate method to find out the day of ovulation. With a regular cycle, diagnostics is carried out on the 10–12 day of the cycle, with an irregular one - 10 days after the beginning of the menstrual period.
To independently determine the date favorable for conception, it is necessary to keep a diary. It should record the indicators of rectal and normal temperature, the state of the cervix and vaginal discharge, the general condition, with the appearance of signs of ovulation to do tests.
Important! There is a theory that if sex was before the egg came out, then when it was fertilized, the probability of the birth of a girl is great. If sexual intercourse was directly during ovulation, more boys are born.
The day of the onset of ovulation is necessary to know every girl. These data will help avoid unwanted pregnancy or increase the chance of a long-awaited conception. Specific symptoms, changes in the amount and structure of vaginal secretions, tests, basal temperature indicators will help determine the day of the egg's release.
Measurement of basal temperature to determine ovulation
In order for temperature measurement to make practical sense, you must observe clearly and rigorously temperature measurement rules:
- Measure rectally
- Measure the temperature early in the morning while lying in bed. The best time is 7 am
- Use a mercury thermometer
- 5 hours before the measurement, you should sleep peacefully
- Put a thermometer next to you in order not to make any gestures. Do not even shake off the thermometer, prepare it in advance
- Measure 5-10 minutes
- Take out a thermometer holding its tip. Otherwise you may affect the temperature.
- If you are plotting, measurements should be taken at one time plus minus a maximum of 30 minutes.
Pain before ovulation
Pain before ovulation can be:
- In the chest area
- In the abdomen area
Chest pain before ovulation is triggered by a surge of hormones, as the body prepares for conception. Pain does not occur often, more often there is discomfort. This is not a reason to go to the doctor, unless they continue for a long time.
The pains are concentrated in the area of the ovary, in which the cell matures and leaves. Every month you can feel pain from all sides. Pain should not be severe. If they are so strong that it is difficult for you to walk, or you lose consciousness, consult a doctor immediately. If the pain is mild, tolerable and continues only during the ovulation period, then there is nothing to worry about, because this is a normal physiological process.
IMPORTANT: Not every woman feels pain. But if you feel severe pain, or fever, headache, vomiting, dizziness, or if the pain continues for a long time - consult a doctor
Discharge before ovulation
Discharge before ovulation increases significantly. This is explained physiologically and should not scare you.
In addition to increasing the amount, you may notice a change in the consistency of the discharge:
- As a rule, secretions before ovulation have the appearance and consistency of raw egg white.
- Color may be white, yellow, pink
IMPORTANT: Discharge cannot be one sign of ovulation. Match this attribute with other more accurate ones.
How many days does ovulation last?
Ovulation lasts for different sources from 12 to 48 hours. That is, this is the period when the egg is viable and ready for fertilization.
If you set a goal to determine when ovulation occurs in your body, then you should choose the most accurate methods, or a combination of less accurate ones.
Hi girls!I'm new here, I will be glad to communicate
My husband and I have been planning for 7 months and so far without result. The cycle of 30 days, this month was for the first time a delay of 7 days, I thought it was exactly B, it turned out to be some kind of failure. In general, the hands are already dropping. So, girls, who has a 30-day cycle, when do you usually have Ovulia ?? I caught the tests, but did not show anything. Thanks to everyone who will answer
I have a cycle of 30-31 days. Ovulation is usually 15-16 days for sure!
everyone has different ways to know when Oh, you need to be like foliculometry. Tests do not always work. And 7 months, this is nonsense. Doctors speak up to 1.5 years of planning. This is normal. Think less about it, do not dwell, relax, and everything will work. I know It's easy to say, it's hard to do. But you will try. Everything will be fine, sneeze on you.
I and 12 and 15 happens
My cycle is also usually 30-31 days. The second cycle in a row according to the schedule of basal temperature O at 20 d.ts. and the cycle lasted up to 33-34 days.
I have the same thing) for 15-16 days) 7 months - this is not so much, do not give up) think about the good and love your husband very much) everything will happen soon) you yourself will be surprised how suddenly ??)))) believe in yourself and in your crumbs, which is already very close)
I have 31-32 days, the second phase is 10 days. Ovulation is from 18 to 20 DC. View my profile. I advise you to build graphics to see how you are.
Do not lower your hands, it is still early))) Go to the folliculometry, this is the best way to determine O. Read about it on the website - type in a search engine. Good luck!
ma-masha, in order to understand when you have O- for foliculometry, for several months and you will know approximately. But the body is not a clock and sometimes O is delayed (hence the lengthening of the cycle), and sometimes it comes earlier (hence the shortening of the cycle)
And about the "hands down" honestly want to do a-ta-ta on the pope. Not that to speak, it is impossible to think about it.
30 days, 18-19 days
Signs of ovulation
Ovulation (from the Latin. Ovum - egg) - the release of a mature, capable of fertilizing an egg from the ovarian follicle into the abdominal cavity, the stage of the menstrual cycle (ovarian cycle). Ovulation in women of childbearing age occurs periodically (every 21-35 days). The frequency of ovulation is regulated by neurohumoral mechanisms, mainly the gonadotropic hormones of the anterior pituitary gland and the follicular hormone of the ovary. Ovulation is facilitated by the accumulation of follicular fluid and the thinning of the ovarian tissue, which is located above the bulging pole of the follicle. The ovulation rhythm constant for each woman undergoes changes within 3 months after an abortion, within a year after giving birth, and also after 40 years when the body is preparing for a premenopausal period. Ovulation stops with the onset of pregnancy and after extinction of the menstrual function. Establishing the time of ovulation is important when choosing the most effective time for fertilization, artificial insemination and in vitro fertilization.
Ovulation and contraception
Some women experience a peak of sexual arousal on ovulation days. However, the use of a physiological method of contraception from pregnancy, based on sexual abstinence during ovulation, is especially difficult for young spouses, the frequency of sexual acts in which reaches a fairly high level. In addition, with strong love unrest and nervous stress, additional ovulation may occur (especially with occasional, irregular intercourse), and then not one but two eggs mature in one menstrual cycle. This should be remembered when choosing a particular method of contraception.
Physiology of the ovulation cycle
As soon as every healthy girl between the ages of 11 and 15 begins to menstruate, which is an indicator of her body’s readiness for childbirth, there are problems associated with counting the days of the menstrual cycle and the legitimate question why menstruation does not occur, or vice versa, why a long-awaited pregnancy . It makes a woman think and wait all the time, to be in the dark about what happens to her every month. And so every month for decades.
The duration of menstruation and cycle
Ideal menstruation lasts 3-5 days and repeats every 28 days. However, for individual women, this cycle takes 19 days or even less, while for others it lasts from 35 to 45 days, which is a feature of their body, and not a violation of menstrual function. The duration of menstruation, also depending on the organism, may vary within a week. All this should not cause alarm in a woman, but a delay of more than two months, called opsometry or more than six months - amenorrhea, should alert the woman and make sure to find out the reason with the gynecologist.
Duration of the menstrual cycle
The menstrual cycle is a complex physiological process that continues in women under 45 - 55 years. It is regulated by the so-called sex centers located in the middle part of the diencephalon - the hypothalamus. Changes occurring during the menstrual cycle are most pronounced in the uterus and ovaries. In the ovary under the influence of hormones produced by the ovarian follicles, partly by the adrenal cortex and testes, the main follicle, containing an egg cell, grows and matures. The ripe follicle is torn and the egg together with the follicular fluid enters the abdominal cavity, and then into the uterine (fallopian) tube. The process of rupture of the follicle and the exit from the cavity of a mature (suitable for fertilization) egg is called ovulation, which in the 28-day cycle occurs most often between the 13th and 15th days.
Corpus luteum, estrogen, progesterone
In place of a torn follicle, a yellow body forms. These morphological changes in the ovary are accompanied by the release of sex steroid hormones - estrogen and progesterone. Estrogens are secreted by the maturing follicle, and progesterone is excreted by the corpus luteum.
Estrogen secretion has two maxima - during ovulation and during the period of maximum activity of the corpus luteum. For example, if the normal estrogen content is about 10 µg / l, then during ovulation it is about 50 µg / l, and during pregnancy, especially by the end of it, the estrogen content in the blood rises to 70-80 µg / l for due to a sharp increase in estrogen biosynthesis in the placenta.
Together with progesterone, estrogens contribute to the implantation (implantation) of a fertilized egg, maintain pregnancy and contribute to childbirth. Estrogens play an important role in the regulation of many biochemical processes, are involved in carbohydrate metabolism, in the distribution of lipids, stimulate the synthesis of amino acids, nucleic acids and proteins. Estrogens contribute to the deposition of calcium in bone tissue, delaying the excretion of sodium, potassium, phosphorus and water, that is, increase their concentration in the blood and electrolytes (urine, saliva, nasal secretions, tear) of the body.
Estrogen secretion is controlled by the anterior pituitary and its genadotropic hormones: follicle-stimulating (FSH) and luteinizing (LH).
Under the influence of estrogen in the first phase of the menstrual cycle, called follicular one, regeneration occurs in the uterus, that is, restoration and growth of its mucous membrane - the endometrium, growth of the glands, which stretch out and become convoluted. The uterus mucous membrane thickens 4-5 times. In the glands of the cervix of the uterus increases the secretion of mucous secretion, the cervical canal expands, it becomes easily passable for sperm. In the mammary glands epithelium grows inside the milk passages.
In the second phase, called luteal (from the Latin word luteus - yellow), under the influence of progesterone, the intensity of metabolic processes in the body decreases. The growth of the mucous membrane of the body of the uterus stops, it becomes loose, edematous, a secret appears in the glands, which creates favorable conditions for attachment to the mucous membrane of a fertilized egg and the development of the embryo. The glands stop the secretion of mucus, the cervical canal is closed. In the mammary glands from the overgrown epithelium of the terminal sections of the milk passages, alveoli arise, capable of producing and excreting milk.
If the pregnancy does not occur, the yellow body dies, the functional layer of the endometrium is rejected, menstruation occurs. Monthly bleeding ranges from three to seven days, the amount of blood lost is from 40 to 150g.
The timing of ovulation
It should be noted that different women have a noticeable difference in the timing of the onset of ovulation. And even for the same woman, the exact timing of the onset fluctuates in different months. In some women, cycles are characterized by exceptional irregularity. In other cases, the cycles may be longer or shorter than the average - 14 days. In rare cases it happens that in women with a very short cycle, ovulation occurs approximately at the end of the menstrual bleeding period, but in most cases, ovulation occurs quite regularly.
If for one reason or another ovulation does not occur, the endometrial layer in the uterus is thrown out during menstruation. If there is a merger of the egg and sperm, then the cytoplasm of the egg begins to vibrate very strongly, as if the egg is undergoing an orgasm. Sperm penetration is the final stage of egg maturation. Only its nucleus remains from the spermatozoon, where 23 chromosomes are densely packed (half set of a normal cell). The sperm nucleus is now rapidly approaching the egg nucleus, which also contains 23 chromosomes. The two cores are slowly touching. Their shells dissolve and they merge, as a result of which they are divided into pairs and form 46 chromosomes. Of the 23 sperm chromosomes, 22 are completely analogous to the egg chromosomes. They determine all the physical characteristics of a person except gender. The remaining pair from the egg is always the X chromosome, and the sperm can be X or Y-chromosome. Thus, if in this set there are 2 chromosomes of the twentieth, then a girl will be born, if XY, then a boy.
Studies conducted at the National Institute for Medical Environmental Problems (North Carolina) showed that not only the conception of the child, but also its gender depends on the time of conception relative to the time of ovulation.
The probability of conception is maximum on the day of ovulation and is estimated at about 33%. High probability is also noted on the day before ovulation - 31%, two days before it - 27%. Five days before ovulation, the probability of conception is estimated at 10% for four days before ovulation — 14% and for three days — 16%. Six days before ovulation and the day after ovulation, the probability of conception during sexual intercourse is very small.
If we consider that the average “lifespan” of sperm cells is 2-3 days (in rare cases it reaches 5-7 days), and the female egg cell remains viable for about 12-24 hours, then the maximum duration of the “dangerous” period is 6 9 дней и “опасному” периоду соответствует фаза медленного нарастания (6-7 дней) и быстрого спада (1-2 дня) до и после дня овуляции соответственно.Ovulation, as noted above, divides the menstrual cycle into two phases: the maturation phase of the follicle, which with an average cycle duration is 10-16 days and the luteal phase (phase of the corpus luteum), which is stable, independent of the duration of the menstrual cycle and is 12- 16 days. The phase of the corpus luteum is attributed to the period of absolute infertility, it begins 1-2 days after ovulation and ends with the onset of new menstruation.
Ovulation - how to catch it?
Note! Basically, ovulation occurs on the 14th day of the menstrual cycle, if this cycle is 28 days. Deviation from this graph still occurs, but is the norm. The longer the cycle, the later ovulation: with a cycle of 30 days - for 15-16 days. The reliability of this method is 30%, because modern women often observe their own menstrual cycle failures.
Second: tactile. Allows you to determine the onset of ovulation signs rather subjective. However, it is considered that during ovulation and before it starts to discharge from the cervix less viscous. On this basis, an attentive woman can establish the readiness of her body to conceive.
The so-called “fern phenomenon” - crystallization of cervical mucus in the form of a “fern leaf” (laboratory test) helps orient oneself. The figures of the same sheet give and female tears, saliva, nasal mucus. The nature of crystallization is interrelated with the level of estrogen in the female body, as well as with the ratio of progesterone and estrogen. "Fern Leaf" crystallizes in the absence of ovulation.
Third: basal temperature. This method was previously used in the first place, since for quite a long time it was considered the most reliable. The fact is that the body temperature (rectal - in the rectum) is the lowest on the day of ovulation, but rises sharply the next day. To detect such a jump, it is necessary to conduct monitoring - to measure the temperature daily during the entire monthly cycle, or better, two cycles. This is done in the morning, without getting out of bed, then a schedule is drawn up that displays the races. Reliability - 90%.
Fourth: modern. The use of new medical developments allows you to quickly and accurately determine the ability of your eggs to fertilize. One of them is a test indicator that is sensitive to the amount of hormones in your body. Increased hormone levels - a signal of the beginning of the process of ovulation. The test is applicable in urine and saliva analysis. The most accurate recognized blood test for hormones in the laboratory.
If all these methods do not detect the onset of ovulation, then, most likely, the maturation of the egg is delayed.
Note! Ovulation may not occur. This is called anovulation.
Even the healthiest woman's egg cell does not allow itself to ripen in every cycle. 2-3 cycles per year with anovulation is quite normal. Here only with age the number of such cycles increases. Climax or pregnancy also lead to anovulation.
In addition, the reasons for the lack of ovulation can be stressful women, inflammation of the genitals, hormonal disturbances, certain medications (hormonal drugs), thyroid dysfunction, adrenal cortex tumors or hypothalamic tumors, pituitary gland, resulting in dysfunction of the pituitary-hypothalamic-ovarian system. As a result, anovulation develops, one hundred percent resulting in female infertility. In case of any suspicion of this circumstance, all your aspirations should be directed to the doctor, and your thoughts - that there is always a chance!
After finding the reason for the lack of ovulation, specialists resort to the procedure of its stimulation with the help of special medications.
It should be noted that in addition to such artificial stimulation, no other way can help. And the answer to this question can only be given by mother nature, which keeps this process secret. The task of a woman is to control her condition, study her cycle and strengthen her health.
And once you recognize your readiness for conception, even if you don’t understand what day ovulation takes place.
The very first and most obvious sign of ovulation has always been short-term pain in the lower abdomen. Gynecologists explain this pain by stretching the walls of the ovary, as well as the fact that the broken follicle secretes fluid. The role of this fluid is that it provokes contraction of the fallopian tubes and uterus, which is accompanied by pain.
And further on the onset of ovulation prompt intensive vaginal discharge, changes in rectal (basalt) temperature (according to your schedule), as well as an increase in the level of progesterone in the blood. In addition, ultrasound will show you in the dynamics of the rupture of follicles and access to the "free floating" egg, capable of fertilization.
The color of the discharge is usually pinkish or slightly reddish, but it should not be intensely red, since there should not be much blood. Uterine bleeding is more life threatening.
• 1st day the menstrual cycle - the beginning of the follicular (menstrual phase). In the ovaries grow several follicles.
• C 7th day and until the middle of the cycle - the ovulatory phase. The main, dominant follicle is defined: a graaff of a vial in which an egg cell matures.
• 14th day (with a 28-day cycle) - ovulation. The graaff of a vial bursts, releasing an egg cell ready for fertilization. In the following days, the egg moves along the fallopian tube into the uterus. The time of her “life” is 24-48 hours, although the facts speak even about 5 days.
• 15th day - the beginning of the yellow body phase. Period after the day of ovulation to the beginning of the next menstruation. A bursting follicle collects its walls like a closing tulip. Lutein pigment and fats paint them yellow. Now, this follicle (graphs bubble) acquires a new name - the yellow body.
Important and interesting facts
I. The maximum probability of conception (33%) takes place directly on the day of your ovulation. The day before your day of ovulation, it is 31%, for 2 days - 27%. These numbers indicate a very high chance. But 5 days before ovulation or the day after it - the chance is negligible.
Ii. Proper study of the menstrual cycle and the precise definition of the day of ovulation allows not only to conceive, but also to choose the desired sex of the child.
Iii. If you want to get pregnant, you do not have to have sex on the day of ovulation. This is ineffective, since your egg cell, with its ability to "live" a maximum of 48 hours, has only time to conceive during the day of your ovulation, and the next day the probability becomes minimal. But your partner's sperm "live" longer - at least a week. Therefore, they can be “invited” to the fallopian tubes during this week before your main day.
Iv. Ovulation for the ovaries is a huge demanding job. If once one of the ovaries has completed it, then the next time this mission is placed on another ovary, since the first one needs a good "rest". The drawing nature of pain in the ovary area will allow us to determine which of them is “serving his watch.”
V is the most important. Do not make mistakes in calculating the timing (determining the day of ovulation): it is not important when the beginning of the next menstrual cycle begins, but when the previous one has ended. Do the calculations based on these considerations.
On what day ovulation occurs, it is important to know in order to choose the most successful time for natural conception, artificial insemination for in vitro fertilization (IVF).
Unlike animals, man is not so prolific as to attain conception at every opportunity. The advantage of deciding belongs more likely to nature (or to God, to whom anyone can think like). A healthy woman who has only 3 chances to get pregnant per month can use only one. At the same time, it is necessary to know that chances decrease with age. But with any difficulty you can handle. If you arm yourself with knowledge, feel every cell of your body and prepare yourself, wisely and carefully approach to achieving your goal. Then nature will give you a gift - you will become a mother.
For more information on calculating the day of ovulation, see below:
What is ovulation?
Ovulation is directly related to the menstrual cycle, when the most “peak” of events in the female body occurs each month, when a mature egg leaves the uterus and goes down the fallopian tubes to meet the sperm. Ideally, they should merge, and the sperm should fertilize the egg. This is the process of conception, which some women are waiting for and others fear.
All this happens in the female body throughout active life from the moment of puberty to the onset of menopause. During pregnancy, menstruation stops.
On average, the menstrual cycle lasts 28 days. Ovulation occurs in the middle of the cycle, so you have to wait for it on day 14. However, this is such an individual process that the cycle may be shorter or longer, and for some women it varies considerably from month to month. There are many women whose menstrual cycle is 35-38 days. In this case, ovulation will have about 24 days, which should be considered from the first day of menstruation. It is worth remembering that for a number of reasons, ovulation can occur not only in the second phase of the cycle, but also on another day.
Knowledge of simple mechanisms of fertilization will allow you to get pregnant faster, or vice versa, to avoid fertilization. Accordingly, if there is no ovulation, then the pregnancy can not come.
Methods for determining
Shortly before the onset of the highest point of the menstrual cycle, that is, ovulation, the female body suggests that it will come soon. First of all, it is aching pain in the lower abdomen, swelling of the mammary glands. The nature of the discharge changes, which become more viscous, viscous, similar in consistency to egg white. These signs are familiar to every woman, because she can accurately determine the condition of the body and either prepare for conception, or vice versa, to be more carefully protected to avoid pregnancy.
Another good way to determine the onset of ovulation is to measure the basal temperature. To do this, a woman in the middle of the cycle should measure the temperature in the rectum. This is the basal temperature, which will certainly have to increase. This is also one of the signs of that very day.
Modern methods of determining ovulation in the form of tests, which can be purchased at a pharmacy, have been developed. Instructions to them state that it is necessary to collect urine in a clean container, then lower the test strip into it. Here, the principle of action is exactly the same as for pregnancy tests: 2 lanes means that there is ovulation. At the same time, it is necessary to pay attention to the intensity of the test strip staining: the more visible the second strip, the brighter it is, and the closer the ovulation is. This is probably the most reliable way to determine the onset of ovulation. On average, you need to do such a test for five days in a row.
There is another popular modern way of calculating - using the online calendar. The necessary data is entered into it, after which the program itself calculates the day of ovulation for several months in advance. We must understand that this is approximately.
Ovulation itself does not last long — an egg that has gone into the abdominal cavity lasts an average of 24 hours, less often 48 hours. Then, if fertilization has not occurred, it dies. And so on until next month.
We must remember that the egg comes out of each follicle in turn.
How many days does ovulation last in women with a cycle of 25, 28, 30, 35 days
How long a woman ovulation lasts is one of the most common questions asked by women who are planning a pregnancy. In the article below we will try to answer this question.
What is ovulation?
Ovulation refers to the release of a ripe egg from the ovary. Through the pipes, it moves toward the uterine cavity. If at this moment there is a meeting with the sperm, then conception occurs. An egg cell lives no more than 36 hours. If conception does not occur, the woman after a while begins menstruation.
What determines the duration of ovulation?
Since the female reproductive cell does not live very long, it is more correct to speak not about the duration of ovulation, but about the duration of the ovulatory period. This is the time when a woman can become pregnant.
Since spermatozoa can be in a woman’s body for up to a week, the favorable period for conception is 5 days before ovulation and 2 days after.
It is for this reason that the week in the middle of the cycle is considered very good for conception.
The length of this period may depend on many factors.
- Cycle time
- Physical loads
- Nervous tension and stress
- Gynecological diseases
- Acceptance of hormonal pills.
When ovulation occurs
With a standard 28 day cycle, the release of the egg occurs on the 14th day of the cycle. Remember that the first day of the cycle is the first day of menstruation. Of course, this is an average figure.
The shorter the cycle, the earlier ovulation occurs. And vice versa - during a long cycle the egg will be released later. For example, at the 30 day cycle, ovulation will occur on the 17th day of the cycle.
With a 25 day cycle, the egg cell goes on day 11.
Alas, for many reasons ovulation may not occur at all. The main enemy of the entire reproductive system is stress. Nervous work may well cause the ovaries to fade.
What happens at conception after ovulation?
During fertilization of the female reproductive cell, it merges with the sperm. In the future, this zygote can travel for several more days until implantation occurs. This is the introduction of a future embryo into the uterine lining. There the zygote begins its development. Once this has happened, the pregnancy can be considered as having come.
Symptoms of ovulation
How to know when ovulation occurs? It is best to listen to their feelings. There are several signs by which you can recognize the release of an egg from the ovary.
- Pain in the ovary.
- Tingling in the uterus.
- Pinkish discharge.
- Vaginal discharge becomes like egg white.
- A woman may feel increased sexual desire and exacerbation of sexual sensations.
All this can be called subjective signs. But how to accurately determine ovulation?
Methods for determining ovulation
So, to determine when the egg comes out of the ovary, you can both at home and at the doctor. To home methods include the use of tests and measurement of basal temperature.
Tests In the pharmacy, you can buy special tests that catch an increase in the level of luteinizing hormone. The easiest option - test strips, which are inexpensive. However, they have a minus - they are not always reliable.
Electronic tests are currently popular. They are more expensive, but they can be used more than once, in addition, they are much more reliable. In the future, you will need to purchase only urine indicator strips, which are cheap. Such a test can be carried with you in your purse and use it at any convenient time.
Another type of test - determining ovulation by saliva. By increasing the level of progesterone and estrogen, the woman’s saliva thickens and forms a pattern on the glass of the microscope that looks like fern leaves. Such tests can be called the most expensive.
Basal temperature measurement. To determine ovulation by basal temperature, it will be necessary to keep a temperature chart for at least a couple of months.
This is done so - early in the morning, at the same time, it is necessary to measure the temperature in the anus. You need to do this without getting out of bed. Readings should be recorded. Before ovulation, the temperature graph makes a noticeable jump.
After an increase in basal body temperature, the most favorable period can be called a day after.
This technique is quite reliable, but inconvenient. A few hours before the measurement can not get up, in addition, you need not forget to immediately measure the temperature upon waking. However, with proper management of such a schedule is very convenient.
The medical method is to use ultrasound. Such a study is called folliculometry and will allow you to accurately determine the time of release of the egg. A few days after the end of menstruation, the doctor will perform a study with a vaginal sensor. Then the procedure is repeated in a few days. The day before ovulation, the doctor will warn about its occurrence.
By the way, nervous stress can lead not only to the absence of ovulation, but also to the opposite result - not one egg will come out of the ovary, but two or even three. The same effect can give the use of hormonal contraceptives.
What if there is no ovulation? In this case, the doctor decides whether to stimulate the woman’s ovaries. One of the simplest methods is taking hormonal contraceptives for about three months. The ovary hibernates, and then begins to work with a vengeance. Alas, sometimes this method may not work.
In this case, the doctor prescribes more serious hormones and injections. During the period of stimulation, some side effects are possible - increased appetite, tearfulness, irritability. Чтобы провести стимуляцию, нужно пройти ряд исследований.
- Общий анализ крови, анализы крови на сахар, на свертываемость крови, а также на ВИЧ, гепатит и сифилис. Анализы проходят оба партнера.
- Исследование функции щитовидной железы.
- Swabs from the genital tract for the presence of STDs. Both partners are also rented.
- Breast ultrasound
- Oncological analysis of cervical scraping.
- Pipeline testing
- The study of the viability of male sperm.
- Examination of the uterine cavity for inflammation.
Before stimulation, it is imperative that you tell your doctor about all past diseases.
How to prepare the body for stimulation
Preparation for stimulation and is to conduct all the necessary research. However, it is worth a little to prepare the body for such an intervention.
First of all, you should adjust the power. The menu must be balanced. Completely eliminate the need for alcohol and cigarettes. Reduce the consumption of sweet, spicy, fatty and smoked. In the diet should be added as much as possible of fresh fruits, vegetables, dairy products. Need to drink plenty of water.
Next, you need to minimize stress. If you can’t completely avoid them, it is advisable to start taking light sedatives.
At the planning stage and before the stimulation of the ovaries, the optimum is to increase the number of walks in the fresh air. To restore the body, you must also sleep at least 9 hours a day.
Ovulatory Phase Characteristic
A woman’s menstrual cycle consists of several phases. Initially, it begins with menstruation. Monthly allow the body to cleanse the tissues necessary for the development of pregnancy.
Gradually, under the influence of contractile activity, the uterine cavity is cleared. Monthly runs out. From now on, estrogen and follicle-stimulating hormone begin to work actively in the body. These substances help the ovaries and the lining of the uterus to prepare for a favorable day. Estrogen is involved in the formation of the inner layer, which is necessary for conception. The fertilized cell is embedded in the endometrium and begins to form an embryo.
Follicle-stimulating hormone is needed for the appearance of a dominant on the surface of the ovary. It is the dominant follicle that is involved in the formation of ovulation.
By the approach of favorable days, the number of major hormones is reduced. Luteinizing hormone replaces these substances. It is necessary for the dramatic growth of the dominant follicle. He begins to dial the diameter. Under the influence of sudden growth increases the pressure on its walls. The follicle does not stand up and bursts. An egg cell is derived from it. This day is ovulation.
After ovulation, progesterone levels increase in the body. The substance helps the zygote to form an embryo. During pregnancy, progesterone is responsible for the nutritional function of the fetus. If conception did not occur, progesterone causes detachment of the endometrial layer. The woman begins menstruation.
The duration of the fertile phase is one day. It depends on the viability of the female reproductive cell. Each woman has an individual indicator. It can vary from 12 to 24 hours. During this period, the couple should proceed to action. If fertilization does not occur during these hours, the egg cell dies.
A woman can establish fertility in several ways. Two main types of research are considered:
- for self use,
- medical methods.
Both groups consist of several ways to establish ovulation during a 32-day menstrual cycle.
Independent methods for determining fertility
There are several definitions of fertility at home. The most widespread use of special strips impregnated with chemical composition. Dough reagent is stained upon contact with luteinizing hormone. This substance is contained in the body of all women in any phase of the 32-day cycle. On the days of its greatest concentration, the stripes on the test are colored the same.
In applying the test is simple. It must be lowered into a container with urine collected according to certain rules. Before testing, a woman is not recommended to use any drinking liquid. The limit extends to 3-4 hours before using the strip. It is also necessary to exclude the intake of alcohol-containing liquids. They dilate blood vessels and reduce the concentration of luteinizing substance.
Many patients are guided by external signs. Around the middle of the 32-day cycle, symptoms of the ovulatory period appear, such as:
- dilution of cervical mucus,
- the appearance of pain in the side,
- increased sexual attraction
- breast tenderness
- irritability and headaches.
Before ovulation, there is a change in the fluid secreted by the cervical canal. It is produced within 26 days with a 32-day cycle. The first few days it is thick and slim. This quality is associated with the disclosure of the channel. Before ovulation, it is tightly closed. Allocations are produced by glands located along the entire length of the channel. Under the influence of luteinizing hormone, the cervical canal begins to open. The glands become free. To enhance the protective properties of the reproductive system, they enhance their work. 3 days before ovulation, the amount of mucus increases. It becomes more transparent and liquid.
Doctors advise to use a special method to determine the quality of mucus. A small amount of it should be squeezed between the fingers. Gradually they should be moved apart. If the mucus is stretched and does not detach from the fingertips, ovulation will occur within two days.
It is necessary to examine the condition of the mammary glands. This symptom does not appear in all patients. On palpation of the gland in the nipple area, the woman experiences a slight tingling and soreness. This phenomenon is associated with the appearance of prolactin in the blood. The hormone is responsible for preparing the glands for lactation. Under his influence, the glandular tissue begins to increase in volume to produce milk. Under pressure, connective tissue begins to stretch. Breast volume increases. She starts to hurt. The symptom appears 2-3 days before ovulation. On the second day after the release of the egg, the glands no longer hurt and take on their usual form.
The ovulatory period is the peak of the body's hormonal activity. Under the influence of hormones increases the work of the brain. Many of its departments remain operational for several days. The nervous system responds to this phenomenon. There is an increase in sexual activity. The peak of sexual desire falls on the ovulatory phase. After the release of the cell activity decreases. Female hormonal system returns to normal.
There may be pain in the side. It depends on the size of the follicle and its location. Often, pain occurs when the egg is located on the anterior wall of the ovary. Approximation of ovulation is accompanied by follicle growth. He begins to press on the smooth muscles of the peritoneum. Woman experiencing discomfort. Strengthening of the symptom occurs during the period of rupture of the follicle. At this time, the uterine wall begins to actively decline. Ovum is excreted into the abdominal cavity. After the cessation of the sexual cell movement, the pain subsides.
An effective method is the construction of a graph of basal temperature. It can be built independently. To do this, you should measure daily rectal temperature. For this purpose it is necessary to use a mercury thermometer. This is due to the peculiarities of the electronic device. Many electronic thermometers continue to work after giving a signal to end the measurement. A woman takes into account an indicator that is incorrect. An erroneous result may break the table. The schedule will incorrectly indicate the date of the expected ovulation cycle in 32 days.
For this reason, a number of other rules should be observed, allowing for a more accurate timetable. Before measuring a woman is forbidden to move. To quickly establish a thermometer, it should be stored at arm's length.
All measurements are best measured in the morning. At this time, body temperature returns to normal after a night's rest. Should abandon the morning sex. Sexual intercourse will change the body temperature. Indicators will be incorrect.
Also, a woman should not visit the toilet and change the position of the body after sleep. Any movement can lead to a rise in temperature of several units. Only under these conditions can the basal temperature be measured.
Measurement should begin with the day of the end of menstruation. They are produced daily. All results are recorded in a special table in the form of a point. Connecting the points gives a curve that is a graph.
It is easy to determine the most favorable days for the onset of pregnancy. Before ovulation, temperature indices decrease sharply by several units. This temperature can last no more than two days. Stalking on the graph indicates the growth of luteinizing substance. On the day of the increase in performance, a woman begins to ovulate.
The most accurate result has a medical technique. To this end, you must visit a doctor. The gynecologist prescribes folliculometry. The study of the ovaries begins on the day of the end of the next menstruation. Attend ultrasound should be through the day. The physician needs to detect the dominant follicular sac. It is detected on the ninth day. This follicle is significantly different in size from the other formations. By the day of ovulation, it should increase to 24 mm. Under the influence of luteinizing hormone, ovulation should occur.
To verify this, the doctor prescribes a follow-up visit after 2 days. On the image, a specialist needs to detect a fluid that is located in the backspace. It is derived from the follicle along with the egg. If there is no fluid, then you need to consider the ovary. There is a risk of follicular cyst.
Approximate dates of favorable days
The day of the beginning of the fertile period is different for each woman. Some patients ask if the cycle is 32 days when ovulation is due. The approximate date can be calculated by the duration of the individual phases.
The progesterone period for all healthy women should be two weeks. During this time, the fertilized cell can safely move into the uterus and begin to develop. If pregnancy does not occur, progesterone is reduced. If we take into account this figure, then with a cycle of 32 days, ovulation should occur on the 18th day. Planning for such women should begin with the 16th day of the menstrual cycle. But in order to accurately determine the favorable phase, it is recommended to use one of the methods listed above.
If a woman has a cycle of 32 days, she can easily determine the day of ovulation. To do this, you must visit the doctor and use self-examination. The method, the result of which coincided with the medical diagnosis, can be used for further monitoring.
Features of the menstrual cycle
The functionality of the female body is a purely individual indicator. Accordingly, the processes occurring in it are also different. Therefore, if the menstrual cycle lasts from 35 to 40 days, it is too early to talk about the presence of any pathology. In this case, the main role is played by the cyclical nature, and not the duration, since sharp changes in the cycle duration indicate the presence of health problems much more often.
How long is the standard menstrual cycle? On average, it is from 25 to 40 days. If less - then it is short, longer - lingering. It is possible to determine its duration at home, by keeping an appropriate calendar. It should be noted the start date of the month, as well as the first day of the next menstruation.
Deviations are allowed within one week - this is the norm. However, this phenomenon should not occur on an ongoing basis, since this can already speak of any pathological processes in the body. The following factors can affect the menstrual cycle:
- external - these are stressful situations, depression, abrupt change of climatic conditions, poor lifestyle, unbalanced diet, rapid weight loss, alcohol and smoking abuse,
- pathological - this group includes all diseases, not only women, but even the common cold,
- drug - active substances of some drugs can have a significant impact on the hormones of a woman, as well as her reproductive system. As a rule, this effect is negative.
A cycle of 35 days is normal, so do not worry about it. Another thing, if there are strong delays - a week or even more, as well as abrupt changes in the duration of the menstrual cycle. All this is already the reason for the need to urgently visit a specialist, that is, a gynecologist.
Cycle of 33 days when ovulation? Many women know that the release of a ripe egg from the follicle occurs approximately in the middle of the cycle. If we consider that on average its duration is 28 days, it means that the ovulatory period begins on the 14th day. But this, of course, ideally. In reality, various external and internal factors can affect the duration of the menstrual cycle. Therefore, to calculate the beginning of ovulation can be very difficult.
In general, if we take into account the fact of ovulation in its middle, we can conclude that, with such a duration, it will begin approximately on day 18. Naturally, this is only if the woman has absolutely no health problems. The late ovulatory period in some cases may not be in any way associated with the duration of the cycle itself, but rather be caused by various pathological processes:
- hormonal disruptions - low levels of progesterone and estrogen, increased testosterone production, etc.
- infectious diseases (especially the urogenital system),
- the climacteric period,
- constant stress and depression,
- postpartum period
- abortion or miscarriage.
If the cycle is 35 days when ovulation - answering this question, one cannot but mention the fact that the late ovulatory period does not affect the reproductive function of the woman, except for the aforementioned cases. Accordingly, if there are no diseases, there is no need to worry - a long-awaited pregnancy will surely come in such conditions.
Find out exactly when ovulation occurs during a prolonged menstrual cycle, you can use the appropriate diagnostic procedures:
- the use of special tests for ovulation, which can be purchased literally in every pharmacy,
- blood test for determining the level of certain female and male hormones,
- testing urine and saliva to determine the presence of luteinizing hormone, which appears exclusively during the ovulatory period,
- measurement of basal body temperature,
- monitoring follicle growth with ultrasound.
Useful tips for women with late ovulation
First of all, it is necessary to make sure that such a duration is not caused by pathological causes. You do not need to use grandmother's prescriptions for this, since such a serious matter should be dealt with exclusively by the attending physician. If this is not done, then pregnancy planning will turn into a protracted and unsuccessful event. This is due to the fact that various infectious-inflammatory processes, problems with the nervous system, hormonal disorders and other problems extremely negatively affect the reproductive system of each woman.
In contrast to the cycle, which lasts about 25-28 days, a protracted one leads to the fact that it will be possible to determine the occurrence of pregnancy with an ultrasound scan much earlier - in fact for several weeks. Therefore, the size of the embryo may already be much larger, which can cause unnecessary worries in a young mother.
As mentioned above, the duration of the menstrual cycle, which does not go beyond the norm, when planning pregnancy does not play a decisive role. Much more important is the absence of any glitches. In any case, ovulation should occur two weeks before the beginning of the next months. If the egg came out later, the body may not have enough time to prepare for the imminent pregnancy, respectively, it will not come.
If the cycle duration is less than 22 days or more than 40, there are likely to be certain health problems.
It is important to understand that all kinds of functional disorders of the reproductive system, the thyroid gland, the adrenal glands, etc., will not pass by themselves. Solve the problem will be possible only with the help of a specialist. To date, there are proven methods of treatment of various disorders of the menstrual cycle. Under the condition of full compliance with the prescriptions of the attending physician, it will be possible to get rid of them, as well as correct the hormonal background, in a relatively short time.
If a woman does not pay special attention to violations of the cycle, then in the future it will be very difficult for her to become pregnant. Более того, невылеченные проблемы рано или поздно приведут к такой катастрофической для каждой девушки патологии, как бесплодие.
Очень часто женщины, у которых менструальный цикл длится очень долго, сильно переживают по этому поводу. This is especially true of the representatives of the beautiful half of humanity who dream of becoming pregnant. Against this background, stress develops, which, as mentioned above, can provoke hormonal problems and other disorders of the reproductive system. That is, unnecessary experiences only worsen the patient's condition. Therefore, in such cases it is necessary not to panic, but seek the help of a gynecologist. It is possible that the cause of a long cycle lies in any completely insignificant problems, or is generally the norm.
Ovulation with a cycle of 35 days is approximately 17-18 days. Keeping a calendar or calculator, trying to get pregnant, visiting a clinic for folliculometry - all this should start from these numbers. If the egg cell did not come out of the follicle within the prescribed period (+/- several days), then it is necessary to look for the cause.