Burning urination in men - symptoms, diagnosis and treatment
Among the symptoms that indicate violations of the urogenital system, the development of inflammatory processes, tumors or sexually transmitted diseases, burning pains during urination in men are not in the last place.
Even minor discomfort is a reason to visit a doctor. And if over time there was a discharge from the penis and the general condition deteriorated, you should immediately seek help. The delay is fraught with neglect of the pathological process, a violation of erectile function and other unpleasant consequences.
Localization of sensations
Burning in the process of urination occurs in men suddenly and is accompanied by a sharp pain in the urethra. A man feels an overwhelming desire to urinate, and the beginning of the process is characterized by burning soreness, radiating to the genitals, lower back or perineum.
Localization of discomfort in the urethra may indicate infectious and non-infectious causes of burning sensation.
Burning sensations in the head of the penis indicate the development of inflammation of the mucous membrane. Burning at the tip of the head cause venereal diseases. Failure to follow personal hygiene can cause discomfort in the bridle area.
An allergic reaction to laundry detergent used to wash underwear may be accompanied by a burning sensation in the penis.
Causes of burning
If there are no abnormalities in the work of the internal organs and systems of the man, urine is excreted regularly and emptying the bladder does not cause discomfort, pain or other unpleasant symptoms.
The appearance of frequent urge to urinate, the occurrence of a burning sensation at the end or in front of the process itself indicates disturbances in the work of the genitals.
Depending on the cause, which provoked a burning sensation at the beginning of the process of urination, during or after it, a number of signs are observed. From them you can determine which disease provoked the occurrence of unpleasant symptoms.
Most often, burning in the urethra is a symptom of infectious diseases. They are caused by pathogens, viruses, fungi and bacteria.
Diseases are accompanied by acute or chronic inflammatory processes in the genitals.
Often, burning occurs as a result of urethritis, which develops due to the penetration of pathogenic microorganisms into the urethra. The disease can result from bladder inflammation, hypothermia, unprotected intercourse, or other adverse factors.
Burning during urination often occurs during the development of candidiasis or thrush.
In addition, a man experiences itching and pain during emptying. Often on the head of the penis formed a white cheesy plaque, there are discharges from the urethra, puffiness. At the last stage of development of the pathology, the skin and mucous membrane of the penis turn red, and cracks are formed.
Burning, itching, and pain when urinating are permanent symptoms of cystitis. In addition, the pathology is accompanied by frequent urging to the toilet, weakness, fever. As the inflammation of the bladder develops, symptoms increase and become permanent.
Discomfort and burning in the process of urination often accompany the development of venereal diseases. A common disease that has similar symptoms is gonorrhea. This bacterial infection can enter the body after unprotected sexual intercourse.
Strong burning sensation in the urethra with each urine is the first sign of the disease.
Over time, they begin to be disturbed by frequent urging to the toilet and discharge of pus during urination.
Burning and pain when going to the toilet are characteristic of chlamydia. The danger of this pathology is that it can be asymptomatic, and the lack of timely treatment is fraught with serious complications, such as infertility.
The development of syphilis in the body is accompanied by purulent secretions from the urinary canal, leaving with pain and burning, redness of the penis head, cutting, frequent urging to the toilet.
The danger of pathology lies in the fact that it can go into a hidden phase of development and not manifest itself for a long time.
Burning during urination accompanies the development of prostatitis and prostate adenoma, as the urethra passes through the inflamed prostate gland. An unpleasant symptom is caused by urolithiasis, characterized by damage to the mucous membrane of the urinary canal during the passage of calculus. Burning can be caused by allergies caused by taking certain medications.
A feeling of discomfort when visiting the toilet can occur after sex with a lack of natural lubrication.
In addition, slight damage and slight reddening may occur on the head of the penis.
Injury to the penis during masturbation can cause burning and discomfort during emptying or after hemopsy.
Unpleasant sensations when going to the toilet are often the result of alcohol abuse, spicy and salty dishes.
Urogenital diseases can cause sting and itching in the urinary canal, provoke the appearance of blood in the seminal fluid. Frequent nagging pain in the lower abdomen.
Inflammatory processes in the prostate cause urinary incontinence or its removal in small portions. In this case, urine without secretions.
The appearance of white discharge with a curd consistency is characteristic of candidiasis.
The output of a small amount of urine with frequent urge is observed in cystitis. The process of urination is accompanied by pain, itching and burning.
When making a diagnosis, the doctor is guided by the clinical picture of the disease and test results.
The patient will be advised to do:
- bacterial culture - to pass a smear from the urethra,
- general blood and urine tests
- an enzyme immunoassay to detect antibodies to infectious pathogens,
- PCR diagnostics for the detection of sexually transmitted infections. The method is based on the study of genetic material: blood, sputum, genital secretions and other materials
- Ultrasound of the pelvic organs.
How to treat burning during urination in men
Treatment of infectious diseases requires an integrated approach.
The goal of therapy is to eliminate not only the symptoms of the disease, but also the very cause of the inflammatory process. It is necessary to take antibiotics and uroseptics. Prescribing medications, determining the dosage and frequency of administration should be done by a doctor.
If the unpleasant symptoms result from mechanical damage to the urethra, you can limit yourself to traditional medicine. When pain syndrome shows analgesics.
The patient is recommended to follow the drinking regime, drinking at least 2 liters of water per day. Together with the liquid, pathogenic microbes will be flushed out of the body.
You should review your diet.
It is necessary to completely eliminate fried, spicy, fatty and salty dishes, to give preference to dietary products.
To relieve inflammation, it is recommended to drink chamomile tea.
If the cause of burning during urination is cystitis or urethritis, the patient is prescribed bactericidal and bacteriostatic drugs, for example, Furagin, Furadonin, Biseptol, as well as uroseptics - Canephron, Cyston.
To combat the inflammatory process, antibiotics are prescribed, for example, Monural.
To relieve spasms and relieve pain, antispasmodics can help: No-shpa, Papaverine and painkillers (Uropirin).
Cystitis and urethritis are not always independent diseases. They may manifest as symptoms of other pathologies of the genitourinary system. If the burning sensation is due to genital infections or non-infectious diseases, you should consult a doctor.
If the burning sensation has arisen as a result of an allergic reaction, then Cetrin or another antihistamine will help urinate the urinary process.
They effectively fight burning pain while urinating a suppository for rectal use, such as Papaverine or Voltaren. Using a drug of this form helps to quickly remove unpleasant symptoms.
At home for the treatment of burning during urination using traditional medicine.
Reduce inflammation, reduce pain helps decoction of horsetail, chamomile and lingonberry leaves.
Mix herbs in equal amounts. Pour 250 ml boiling water 1 tbsp. l vegetable raw materials and boil on low heat for 10 minutes. Strain the broth and use immediately.
Effectively combats the unpleasant symptoms of decoction of birch leaves, licorice root and corn silk, taken in equal parts. 1 tbsp. l a mixture of herbs is poured with 1 cup of boiling water and boiled for 15 minutes over low heat. Decoction is taken 3 times a day 30 minutes before meals.
If you have problems with urination, you should drink as much cranberry juice as possible.
Good results are obtained by the use of trays based on broth of wild rose berries. In a container with a warm broth, lower the member for 15-20 minutes.
To prevent diseases of the urogenital system, you should avoid promiscuous sex and always use condoms.
It is necessary to use linen from natural fabrics, not to prevent injury to the penis.
To undergo medical examinations in a timely manner, especially with frequent problems with urination.
What are the reasons for burning?
Experts identify the following causes of itching and burning after urination in men:
- inflammation of the prostate gland
- purulent inflammation of the urinary tract,
- urolithiasis disease,
- tumors of the genitourinary system
- obstruction of the urinary tract,
- renal colic,
- irritation of the external opening of the urethra,
- neurogenic burning sensation.
Urination can be difficult not only because of a particular disease. The hanging concentration of salts in the urine causes irritation when passing through the urethra. Also, discomfort may occur when using some cosmetics or a condom. Strong burning sensation occurs in men with a pronounced narrowing of the foreskin. Doctors call this process phimosis.
Note! In urethritis, the patient may experience discomfort not only when urinating, but also during intercourse.
Sometimes patients have purulent discharge from the urethra. If a man feels a sharp pain immediately after a burning sensation, then this may be a sign of the presence of a stone in the morning, which descended from the upper urinary tract. Impurities of pus or blood when urinating in men indicate venereal disease, and cheesy discharge is a symptom of candidiasis.
A slight burning sensation in the urethra may not be associated with a pathological condition, but arises against the use of salty or spicy foods. Difficult urination is also observed in alcohol abusers.
If the pains are felt at the end of urination, then this may be a sign of prostatitis or neoplasm. In inflammatory lesions of the prostate gland, serious disorders occur as the prostate squeezes the urethra at a certain site. During this period, the patient is worried not only by the unpleasant symptoms of the urinary system, but also by intestinal disorders - constipation and pain during defecation.
This symptom may indicate inflammation of the prostate gland.
For prostatitis is also characterized by the appearance of such symptoms:
- general malaise,
- frequent headaches
- groin pain,
- frequent urination,
- problems with potency,
- nervous disorders.
Note! With late treatment, the pathology becomes chronic. A man throughout his life will feel a slight burning sensation and discomfort in the intimate sphere.
Urethritis is an infectious-inflammatory disease in which the urethra is inflamed. Often the infection occurs during intercourse. Less commonly, urethritis occurs for the following reasons:
- irritation of the urethra with cosmetics,
- genital trauma after medical procedures,
- reduced immunity
- excessive consumption of salty and spicy foods
- genital infections.
For urethritis is characterized by the appearance of such symptoms:
- burning pain when urinating,
- urethral discharge green or white
- unpleasant smell
- increase the frequency of urination,
- blood impurities in the urine.
If the disease has turned into a chronic form, then the patient’s symptoms in the patient may disappear, only mild discomfort and itching in the genital area are of concern. More pronounced signs are observed in periods of exacerbation.
Urolithiasis or urolithiasis occurs in 12% of men over 65 years of age. Often, it is well treatable. Concrements in the kidneys are formed with elevated calcium levels in urine, oxalates, or uric acid. The following factors may also contribute to the formation of stones:
- living in a hot climate
- very hard water
- severe dehydration
- chronic pathologies of the stomach and intestines,
- sedentary lifestyle leads to impaired calcium-phosphorus metabolism,
- anatomical features of the urinary system,
- urine acid diathesis,
- renal impairment,
- diseases of the urinary system.
When urolithiasis patients complain of these symptoms:
- renal colic,
- blood impurities in the urine
- nausea and vomiting,
- sand or stones in the urine
- pain when urinating.
If a man has stones in the ureter or kidneys, then in the future, acute or chronic pyelonephritis may develop. Without properly selected therapy, the kidney will eventually have to be removed, since the purulent process will begin in it.
In candidiasis, the mucous membranes and skin of the genital organs become inflamed in a man, and a white, cheesy plaque characteristic of the disease appears. Experts identify the following reasons for the development of candidiasis:
- lack of personal hygiene,
- unprotected intercourse,
- high concentration of sugar in the blood and urine,
- general decrease in immunity
- ulcers and fissures on mucous membranes.
With candidiasis, the patient is worried about these symptoms:
- swelling of the glans penis,
- redness and flaking of the foreskin,
- unpleasant smell
- discomfort when urinating in the form of itching and burning,
- pain during sex
If a man does not start treatment in a timely manner, then prostatitis, urethritis and infertility may develop.
If a man is diagnosed with urethritis, the treatment can be carried out on an outpatient basis. For bacterial or gonorrheal urethritis, antibiotics belonging to the cephalosporins group are prescribed to the patient. Tetracycline, Kanamycin and Erythromycin are also effective. If the disease proceeds with complications, then the use of several antibiotics is permitted - Azithromycin and Gentamicin.
Note! For the prevention of candidiasis with long-term use of antibacterial drugs is recommended to take Pimafucin or Levorin.
In addition to antibiotics, men are prescribed vitamin complexes and drugs that increase weak immunity.
In acute trichomonas urethritis, the patient should take the following medications:
When gonococcal urethritis, it is advisable to use Ceftriaxone and Ciprofloxacin.
In addition to medication, treatment includes local procedures. Their essence lies in the introduction of drugs into the urethra. For this purpose, Miramistin and Dioxidin are used. In chronic urethritis, physiotherapy has recommended itself well. Doctors prescribe laser therapy, electrophoresis or UHF.
When urolithiasis is recommended to take painkillers, anti-inflammatory drugs. The most common are ibuprofen and naproxen. To speed up the process of discharge of calculus prescribed Tamsulosin or Nifedipine.
If the stones do not move away on their own, then you cannot do without shock-wave lithotripsy, percutaneous nephrilithotomy or urethroscopy. These treatments are aimed at removing stones with the use of special medical equipment.
Canephron helps with the complex treatment of inflammatory diseases of the urinary tract. It is also effective for prevention.
When prostate patient is prescribed antibiotics Ofloxacin or Ciprofloxacin. It is effective to use Gatifloxacin for inflammation of the prostate gland. It has an antimicrobial effect.
Baclofen or Metocarbamol is recommended to relieve pain and improve blood microcirculation.Multivitamin complexes, natural immunostimulants or prebiotics will help to increase immunity. To eliminate edema and restore urination, you can use rectal suppositories Olestezin and Prostotopin.
For candidiasis, men are prescribed ointments or creams with antifungal effects:
It is also effective to take the bath with the addition of potassium permanganate.
To combat a fungal infection, it is necessary to drink such antifungal drugs:
The cause of male discomfort - urethritis
Often, urethritis is accompanied by a burning sensation that appears when urinating.
In addition, the disease is characterized by the release of purulent contents from the urethra, an inflammatory process in the urethra.
This pathology develops due to the activity of staphylococci, streptococci, and fungal infections.
Without treatment, urethritis can become chronic. At this stage, the prostate gland, bladder, testicles, vas deferens are affected.
In men, urethritis is often diagnosed. The following factors lead to the development of the disease:
- frequent excitement, stressful situations,
- microtrauma during intercourse,
- poor hygiene
- malnutrition, fasting
- the presence of diseases of the urinary and genital systems,
- promiscuous sex.
Without treatment, urethritis can cause serious complications. For example, if the immune system is weakened, cystitis and pyelonephritis may appear. These diseases for health are considered more dangerous because they cause irreparable harm to the human body.
If there is discomfort in the urethra, and there is a suspicion of urethritis, you can not hesitate to visit the doctor.
Many men diagnosed with prostatitis complain of burning and itching in the urethra. This sensation occurs most often due to the peeling of the epithelial tissue of the prostate.
Such a process causes blockage of the organ duct and the formation of microabscesses. Prostatitis is accompanied by severe inflammation, which also causes discomfort. In this case, the infection can get from the prostate into the urethra.
Inflamed prostate (prostatitis) and healthy
A characteristic feature of prostatitis is that pain and burning often radiate to the area above the pubis, to the lower back, the sacrum area, the rectum and the anus, the scrotum, the lower abdomen, the groin area, the testicle area.
In men, there are such manifestations of prostatitis as:
- the presence of mucus in semen and urine,
- hyperemia in the groin and on the head of the penis,
Urolithiasis is a urolithiasis. Formed stones in the bladder and urethra, kidneys. Often there is a burning sensation and itching with this pathology. There is a disease due to the fact that metabolic disorders are disturbed.
To urolithiasis lead such factors:
- poor nutrition
- chronic diseases
- disorders of the pancreas,
Sensations during exacerbation of urolithiasis are difficult to confuse with symptoms of other diseases. Burning is accompanied by aching pain in the lumbar region, which begins to intensify with the slightest movement. There is pain periodic, constant.
Often it gives to the lower abdomen, ureter, genitals and legs. Many men also suffer from frequent urging to the toilet. In such a pathology, urine acquires a pink hue, since blood is present in it. With exacerbation increases blood pressure. Also, urolithiasis can cause urethritis, inflammation of the kidneys and pyonephrosis.
To cure urolithiasis is very difficult. Therefore, the sooner the patient comes to the doctor-urologist and begins treatment, the higher his chances of recovery.
Cystitis and other culprits of burning in the male urethra
Burning in the urethra is a clear sign of cystitis. Inflammation of the bladder occurs more in women. Although the representatives of the stronger sex also often turn to the doctor with such a pathology. It is necessary to suspect cystitis, if there are frequent urges to the toilet, and when urinating, itching and burning are felt.
In addition to inflammation of the bladder, the following causes cause burning:
- sexually transmitted diseases. They are characteristic of men who are sexually promiscuous. This symptom appears in chlamydia, trichomoniasis and gonorrhea,
- mechanical damage to genital organs
- the presence in the diet of spicy foods and pickles, spirits. If you exclude the listed products from the menu, the discomfort disappears without a trace after a few hours,
- wrong underwear.
Symptoms in various diseases vary slightly depending on the localization process. For example, with pyelonephritis, a burning sensation occurs after urination, and if there is cystitis, an unpleasant symptom is observed at the beginning and during the process.
If the discomfort in the area of the urethra does not go away and is also accompanied by other unpleasant manifestations, it is worthwhile to suspect the presence of the disease and make an appointment with a qualified specialist.
Before prescribing certain medications to eliminate itching and burning in the urethra, a competent doctor performs a diagnosis.
To find out the exact cause of discomfort, prescribe the following examinations:
- general blood analysis,
- research of urine in the laboratory
- bacterioscopy of a smear taken from the urethra,
- Ultrasound of the pelvic organs,
- rectal examination of the prostate
- blood test for the presence of sexually transmitted pathogens.
Having on hand the results of the examination, it is much easier for the doctor to make an accurate diagnosis and select a therapy aimed at stopping an unpleasant symptom.
Since burning during urination is a symptom of various diseases, the treatment regimen is selected depending on the diagnosed pathology. First aid man is able to render himself. It consists in the exclusion from the menu of those foods that cause irritation. Patients are prohibited from vinegar, citrus fruits, alcohol, spices, carbonated drinks.
Some detergents also cause irritation, as they contain flavoring and coloring agents in large quantities.
Therefore, you should temporarily stop using shower gel, bath foam, liquid soap.
It is useful to drink enough pure water. Will help reduce discomfort decoction of the hips. The condition can be alleviated by flushing the bladder.
To this end, drink 400 ml of water, and then soda solution, prepared at the rate of a teaspoon of soda per half glass of water. Then drink 200 ml of pure water every hour. The next day, the unpleasant symptom usually passes. But if the burning sensation continues to disturb, it is worth contacting the urologist.
To eliminate the burning sensation, doctors use the following treatment methods:
- antibacterial agents to relieve inflammation in the bladder and urethra. Well proven Norfloxacin and cephalosporin,
- antibiotics. They are discharged in case of detection of penis injuries. Cephalosporin and Levofloxacin prevent the development of inflammation,
- sedatives. They are prescribed if a burning sensation occurs for a neurological reason. Usually the doctor prescribes Sedavit or Fitoed,
- antiseptics for local inflammation relief. This means they treat the burning area,
- antihistamine medications. Allergic reaction quickly disappears when taking Suprastin, Lorantadine,
- chelators. Enterosgel and Prolifepan promote the excretion of harmful substances from the body,
- antifungal drugs. Pathogenic microflora destroy Nystatin, Fluconazole,
- alkaline drink. It is recommended if salts are present in urine, urolithiasis is diagnosed at an early stage,
- herbal remedies useful in any disease that is accompanied by a burning sensation in the urethra. Well helps Urolesan and various herbal teas, kidney fees,
- stone crushing (in case of diagnosing urolithiasis). To do this, use the ultrasonic installation. Remove the stones also surgically.
Often the doctor selects a complex therapy. It should be noted that the treatment does not always give a 100% positive result. Sometimes pathology becomes chronic, in which periods of remission are replaced by periods of exacerbations. To avoid this, it is important to start treatment in a timely manner and regularly carry out competent prevention.
Experts recommend men:
- take care of your health,
- use condoms when entering into sexual contact with unfamiliar women,
- avoid frequent changes of sexual partners,
- regularly undergo a routine examination by a doctor-urologist,
- avoid hypothermia
- strengthen the immune system
- follow the rules of personal hygiene.
The occurrence of unpleasant symptoms will help to prevent healthy eating. It is important that fresh vegetables and fruits, dairy products are present in the diet.
If there is a burning sensation in the urethra in men, treatment should be prompt. Sometimes men are embarrassed to go to the doctor and try to pick up the medicines themselves. But self-medication is fraught with complications, the progression of the disease. Therefore, a doctor's consultation is mandatory.
Doctor dermatovenerolog about the possible causes of itching and burning in the urethra in men:
Thus, burning sensation during urination occurs in various pathologies. Unfortunately, many men postpone a visit to the doctor and come to the hospital already with a neglected disease. In this case, it is sometimes impossible to completely get rid of the pathology. Therefore, it is better if you experience discomfort immediately contact a urologist. The specialist will conduct a full examination, prescribe the necessary drugs, and recovery will come much faster.
Causes of pain when urinating
The urethra performs two functions at once - the output of urine and semen. For this reason, inflammation of this area leads not only to discomfort when using the toilet, but also to problems in the intimate sphere.
Burning during urination in men causes the following reasons:
- Allergy. The reaction to the fabric of linen, washing and hygiene products, condoms, lubricants.
- Friction. Gentle skin of the penis is injured when wearing close or synthetic underwear.
- Neglect of personal hygiene. Lack of proper care leads to accumulation of secretions, particles of dirt under the foreskin.
- Abuse of alcohol, spicy, fatty, sour foods.
This term is called inflammation of the urethra - urethra. This disease is the most common cause of unpleasant sensations.
Organ infection and inflammation cause:
The incubation period can last from a week to a month, after which the first symptoms appear. In addition to burning, there are transparent discharge from the glans penis. Outlet sticks together and is very annoyed.
With the complication of the secret acquires a brown or green color and a very unpleasant smell. Occasionally, blood can be detected in the discharge. If you delay the appeal to the doctor or do not treat urethritis at all, the disease will develop into a chronic form.
Infection in this case can go to neighboring organs:
If the infection in the urethritis rises too high, there is a great possibility that the inflammation of the urethra will spread to the bladder and cystitis will develop. This is quite rare, since the urinary canal in men is narrow and long. Such a structure makes it difficult to further move the infection, but if you start the disease, it eventually spreads to other organs. Pathology that can increase urination is more common in women, but a strong half of humanity is not immune from it.
- discomfort when emptying the bladder,
- frequent urination,
- dark urine
- lower abdominal pain.
The name of this disease consists of two: balanitis (inflammation of the skin of the head of the sexual organ) and post (inflammation of the inner lobe of the foreskin). These two diseases develop together because the affected parts of the body are in close proximity. In this case, the cause of pain during urination in men lies in the head of the penis. The development of such a disease is possible only on an uncircumcised organ, since the foreskin is present on it.
Depending on urination
The periods of occurrence of pain:
- Before the process of urination. An unpleasant sensation before urination may indicate prostatitis, prostate adenoma, and bladder diseases.
- While visiting the toilet. Pain can occur due to urolithiasis, gout, tumors, phimosis, renal colic. Pubic lice and inappropriate hygiene products can also cause discomfort.
- Burning after urination. Speaks about STDs, alcohol abuse and spicy food, injuries or allergies to hygiene products. Other causes may be pressure on the urethra with prostatitis or tumors, as well as bladder spasm.
This video tells about the causes of rezie when urinating in men.
If pathologies occur in the urogenital system, the body can signal in different ways. Burning is the most harmless of them. It may indicate the presence of sources of infection, but also this manifestation indicates a banal trauma of the skin. If the sexual organ begins to tweak, it is possible that the man simply rubbed the intimate area with uncomfortable underwear.
The pain and pain during urination in men in the head or along the entire length of the penis is already a sign of deeper problems: inflammation, infections. With timely treatment to the doctor, the symptoms and their causes are easily eliminated without causing damage to the body.
If urination is already accompanied by pain, then this indicates possible pathologies of the internal organs, ranging from the presence of stones in them to tissue tumors.
With and without secretions
Making the correct diagnosis will help the presence (or absence) of various kinds of substances secreted by the urethra in cases where this should not happen.
Secretions are usually accompanied by venereal diseases:
If there is a large amount of blood, it is necessary to urgently consult a doctor, as this may indicate injuries to internal organs or malignant tumors.
Without secretions, as a rule, infectious diseases of the urogenital apparatus occur:
This video provides information about infectious diseases of the genital tract in men.
Diseases of this group of organs are characterized not only by burning and secretions. There are a number of signs that can accompany the described pathology.
- pain in the lower abdomen, which can spread to the back, legs,
- discomfort during and / or after intercourse,
- urination disorder - difficulty in emptying the bladder, frequent urination, incontinence,
- discoloration of urine
- general malaise.
Features of the course in men and women
The structural features of the genitourinary system in men and women are different.
In addition to external, there are also internal differences:
- The length of the urethra in the stronger sex is much longer. This, on the one hand, makes it difficult to treat the infections that have arisen, and on the other, it protects neighboring organs from spreading the infection, slowing down the inflammatory process. The female body is more susceptible to infection, which makes cases of cystitis and pyelonephritis more frequent.
- A distinctive feature of the female body is the separation of the urinary organs from the reproductive. In men, the urethra is a transporter of both urine and sperm.
The dramatic differences in the size of the urethra lead to a difference in the course of the disease. Due to the fact that the male urethra is quite large, then the infection is felt more acutely: the discomfort, burning is very strong and require medical intervention.
In women, the urethra is very small, because the disease can be almost asymptomatic. Even without knowing it, a woman can be a carrier of diseases of the urinary organs.
Who to contact
If you have symptoms that speak of a disease of the urinary system, you need to contact the experts.
The following doctors can help in solving the problem:
- gynecologist - for women.
If you are not sure which doctor to turn to, it is best to go to a general practitioner who, after the initial examination, will refer the patient to the right specialist.
In the absence of proper treatment, any, even the most harmless disease, can turn into a more serious illness. It is especially dangerous to run such diseases due to the location of the source of infection in the immediate vicinity of the reproductive organs.
Possible consequences in the absence of treatment:
- infection of neighboring organs,
- sexual dysfunction
- possible development of more serious diseases, including cancer.
Acute and Chronic Urethritis
In urethritis, the pathogen invades the urinary canal mucosa and causes active inflammation. The clinic of the disease depends on the pathogen itself.
- In case of gonorrhea, which is caused by gonococcus, strong cramps develop during urination, accompanied by false urges and purulent discharge from the urethra.
- When trichomoniasis appears frothy yellow-green hue, accompanied by itching of the genitals.
- If chlamydia is to blame for the development of urethritis, then pain in the lower abdomen joins, discharge with a strong odor, joints can be affected.
- With quite frequent, at the present time, fungal lesions (thrush) are characterized by cheesy plaque on the head of the penis, redness, itching during sexual intercourse. The thrush used to be more common in women, but in recent years it has dramatically increased the defeat of the male part of the population.
Urethritis is an inflammation of the urethra (urethra). Such inflammation is accompanied by pains and pains.
A urethral stricture is a narrowing of the urethra after chronic inflammation or injury. Accompanied pathology obstruction of urination. In addition to rezi, the patient complains about the need to strongly push, urine is separated slowly, in portions, sprayed. At the same time emptying of the bladder is not complete, repeated urges often occur.
Stricture (contraction) of the urethra is one of the causes of pain when urinating.
Prognosis and prevention
The pain and pain during urination in men, as a rule, take place with the proper treatment of the underlying disease. It is important not to start the inflammatory process, not to self-medicate and not to allow chronic infection.
For the prevention of pathology is necessary:
- maintain genital hygiene,
- do not supercool
- avoid promiscuous sex
- time to identify and treat infections of the genitourinary sphere.