Although talking about worms is not very pleasant, but this topic is always relevant. Especially for children, ascarids, pinworms and other parasites settle in their bodies much more often than in adults.
1.5-5 years is the most dangerous age for infection with worms, since it is at this time that the child is actively learning about the world. Moreover, the protective functions of the intestine at this age are not fully formed, so the children's body is more susceptible to helminthic invasion.
In the program “School of Doctor Komarovsky,” the doctor focuses on the fact that the most common infection with parasites occurs on the street through contact with the ground, sand, when the child pulls dirty toys into his mouth after they fall.
In addition, ascariasis and other types of helminthiasis can be picked up from street and domestic animals. At the same time, for infection it is not necessary to play with a cat or a dog, it is enough just to dig deeper into the ground or sand contaminated with animal excrement.
Dr. Komarovsky has repeatedly said that despite the fact that the types of worms that may exist in the host’s organism are numerous, it often happens that a person has pinworms and roundworms.
It is worth noting that the symptoms in patients under 10 years of age are always more intense than in adults. However, this makes it possible to quickly diagnose helminthiasis.
In the video “School of Doctor Komarovsky,” the doctor also says that there are cases when there are worms in the body, but there are no characteristic manifestations of invasion. Due to which helminths develop rapidly, as it is not carried out anthelmintic treatment.
Therefore, Dr. Komarovsky focuses on this, recommending systematically to conduct comprehensive preventive measures, which will reduce the chance of infection with worms and their larvae.
How to detect the presence of parasites?
In the program (video attached below) “School of Doctor Komarovsky” it is told that there are only 2 methods with the help of which you can make sure that a person is infected:
- See worms in feces.
- Pay attention to specific manifestations.
Since the most common parasites are roundworms and pinworms, the leading symptom of their presence is itching in the anal area, it is necessary to know how to get tested for parasites. In this case, the likelihood that the body is affected by worms reaches 99%. However, before treatment, this diagnosis should be confirmed by analysis.
But this is not the only characteristic symptom indicating helminthiasis. Also about the fact that in the body of parasitic pinworms or roundworm say the following clinical signs:
- navel pain,
- cough for ascariasis,
- pain in the head,
- capriciousness, tearfulness, weakness,
- lack of either increased appetite,
- circles under the eyes
At the same time, Dr. Komarovsky dispels myths about teeth grinding. The reality is that this symptom does not always indicate the presence of parasites. However, if such a symptom, along with the rest of the above symptoms, is a serious reason for going to a doctor.
Moreover, Dr. Komarovsky believes that if you identify at least several manifestations of helminthiasis, you can immediately begin treatment without undergoing tests.
In addition, when worms parasitize the body, then one of the characteristic and frequent symptoms is coughing. But how is it related to helminthiasis and why does it occur?
Some types of parasites can migrate through the respiratory tract or are localized in the lungs. Often cough provoke roundworms, or rather their larvae in need of oxygen, which allows them to develop.
Therefore, in search of air, they penetrate the lungs and bronchi, where the worms prevent the passage of air, causing a cough. Moreover, the attacks can be so intense that even vomiting occurs, especially in patients up to 10 years.
Also, cough can develop against the background of toxocariasis, which is provoked by dog roundworm. In addition, adult parasites living in the host’s lungs can contribute to this phenomenon.
Another cough occurs with paragonimiasis, which causes a pulmonary fluke. This disease can develop before the age of 10 years and older. If proper treatment is not carried out, then over time the patient is diagnosed:
Pulmonary flukes provokes a strong, wet cough. In this case, expectorant sputum contains helminth eggs.
If this is not the case, treatment can also develop diffuse pulmonary fibrosis with severe impairment of respiratory function or rupture of the lung tissue, with internal bleeding.
With timely treatment, all negative symptoms disappear. But in order to avoid their reappearance, the treatment course (Pirantel, Albendazole, Varnil) should be carried out for 14 days even if there is no cough.
In addition, along with medicinal treatment can be used folk remedies. The most effective of these are pumpkin seeds, onions and garlic.
In the telecast “School of Doctor Komarovsky”, myths regarding preventive measures against worms were repeatedly dispelled. After all, parasitic prevention is impossible, as well as the prevention of viral diseases.
The reality is that even if periodically taking drugs from pinworms is not a fact that over time there are no roundworm or other helminths in the body. Therefore, doctors are increasingly inclined to the fact that the prevention of helminth infections and helminthic invasions is ineffective. Moreover, that did not promise advertising, antiparasitic agents that have a detrimental effect on all types of worms, have not yet been invented.
Therefore, it makes no sense to take chemical drugs and even herbal remedies. It is more expedient not to adhere to these myths and periodically conduct research and only after that carry out deworming.
In the video, Komarovsky argues that, in addition to drugs, pumpkin seeds are a good antiparasitic agent that are effective against flatworms. But for recovery, a patient under 10 years old needs to eat at least 300 g of seed. And for the treatment of an adult, their number can be increased to 500 g.
When parasites Komarovsky recommends sticking to a specific scheme:
- Anthelmintic agent (Albendazole, Pirantel).
- Enterosorbent (Entegin, Smekta). The course of therapy is 5 days.
- Enzymes - 2 weeks.
- Biological products - 3 weeks.
- Vitamins and minerals.
It is worth noting that such a treatment scheme will not only remove the worms from the body, but also reduce the adverse effect of antiparasitic drugs on the body of patients 10 years and older.
In addition, Komarovsky focuses on the fact that many after deworming have adverse reactions (abdominal discomfort, nausea, fever, rash). But this is a natural reaction of the body, indicating that the drug has the proper effect.
The doctor also advises not to neglect folk remedies, such as:
- hemp oil
- carrot juice
- chamomile decoction.
Carrot juice is mixed with honey and given to the patient before meals in the amount of 1-2 tablespoons. It is impossible to increase the dosage, because the abuse of concentrated juices often causes dizziness.
Also an effective antihelminthic agent is considered to be onions, from which you can make an infusion. To do this, chop one onion head, pour 200 ml of boiling water over it, leave for 24 hours, and then filter.
The drug is taken three times a day, 50 ml. The course of treatment is four days.
Garlic is also used for removing worms. Only chopped garlic cloves are poured not with water, but with boiled milk. Then everyone insists 12 hours and take 1-2 spoons before meals. And in the final video in this article, Komarovsky tells about the treatment of worms in a child.
Pinworms in a child: ways of infection and symptoms
The causative agent of helminthiasis - Enterobius vermicularis. White parasite, up to 4 mm long, which can be seen with the naked eye.
Pinworms are mainly detected in children attending preschool institutions, camps, clubs and other places where their peers congregate. Therefore, even with the observance of preventive measures it is absolutely impossible to exclude the chance of infection.
Attention! The appearance of enterobiosis in a child can be caused by milk teeth, which he often touches with dirty hands.
Symptoms of pinworms in children:
- alternating constipation and diarrhea,
- pain in the abdomen below the navel,
- intestinal colic,
- stomach discomfort
- insomnia accompanied by nightmares
- permanent rhinitis,
- frequent colds.
Important: a characteristic manifestation of helminthiasis is itching in the anus, occurring at night.
A child with pinworms in its body sleeps uneasily, constantly combing itself. This is an unpleasant feature of the disease. However, these parasites do not cause significant harm to the body, but still they can penetrate into the biliary system and the liver, causing inflammation there.
In addition, not treating the disease leads to neuropsychiatric disorders, but the most dangerous consequences of helminthiasis are peritonitis and appendicitis, which are caused by parasites perforating the intestinal walls.
Therefore, parents are interested in what to do if a child has pinworms? Komarovsky advises to carry out urgent deworming, which will be successful if you follow a number of rules.
Features of life pinworms
Pinworms belong to the genus of nematodes (roundworms), respectively, they are characterized by an elongated, rounded body structure. This type of nematode is small in size, while there is a significant sexual demorphism: females can reach 12 mm in length, and males no more than 5 mm but not less than 2 mm.
The main location of pinworms is the large intestine, however, depending on the stage of development, pinworms localization in the child’s body may vary. Initially, the pinworm invasive eggs enter the lower part of the small intestine. Then the larvae are formed from them, which subsequently move to the large intestine (colon) through the appendage of the small intestine (cecum).
Food flows through the vesicles, located at the beginning of the body of pinworms, located in the tail part of the body anus. An oral opening is located in the middle of the vesicle. Pinworms in the child's body, with the help of vesicles are attached to the mucous membranes of the large intestine, and begin to actively feed and excrete digestive waste.
Mating of pinworms occurs in the small intestine, namely, in the ileum. After this process, the male pinworms die, and the female's body turns into an “egg incubator” (it can carry up to 15 thousand fertilized eggs) and move to the large intestine. A female can carry such an impressive number of eggs in herself due to the peculiarities of her structure. Most of the body in females is occupied by the reproductive system, which acts as an egg store. Subsequently, at night, females are selected outside through the anus and produce eggs on the skin in the anus. After laying eggs, the female also dies. Over 4-6 hours, the eggs mature and new parasites are able to appear when ingested.
Symptoms of pinworms in children
It should be understood that, like any other disease, regardless of etiology, the period of incubation precedes, that is, the period of time required by the harmful form of life for adaptation and development. The incubation period for pinworms is, as a rule, 14 days, however, under certain circumstances, the time period may decrease or increase within 3 days.
On the expiration of the latent course of the disease, the first symptoms appear. Unfortunately, the pinworm symptoms in children are usually not specific, and they can easily be confused with the manifestations of a common ARD. For this reason, the diagnosis of enterobiosis consists in testing for pinworm eggs, by examining the anal smear area.
We add that there are no significant differences between the symptoms of pinworms in adulthood and adolescence. The difference lies in the fact that an adult person will quite accurately state complaints, while a child, especially at the age of 1 year of life, will constantly be naughty and crying.
Symptoms of enterobiasis occur and serve as a "wake-up call" for parents, as well as an incentive for the examination of the child. In addition, one characteristic symptom with a pinworm in the body of the child is still - itching in the anal area, increasing in the evening or at night.
The appearance of characteristic itching is associated with the peculiarity of egg laying by females. When laying eggs, females secrete a specific adhesive substance that allows the eggs to be fixed. This substance provokes irritation of the anal area, in connection with this itching appears. In this case, the baby will make attempts to comb the irritated areas of the skin, whereby the eggs fall on the hands and under the child’s nails. Subsequently, upon contact of the fingers with the oral cavity, the eggs enter the child’s body and develop into adult individuals. In the future, the cycle can be repeated several times. This process is referred to as “re-invasion” and due to this accumulation of pinworms in the baby’s body can be huge, which in turn is classified as a massive invasion.
Typical itching with enterobiasis does not last long (no more than 3 days) and then disappears. Later, after 2 weeks, the desire to scratch the anal area reappears. With massive invasions, pruritus becomes stable and strong enough, causing serious discomfort to the child, takes away sleep, irritation and constant moods appear.
What symptoms can enterobiosis accompany in children?
- Increased body temperature in the range of 37-38 degrees. As a rule, with pinworms, the temperature appears in the evening or at night and passes in the morning or even earlier. Such flashes of light temperature rise can be observed for 1-3 days, after which they disappear. For this reason, the temperature rise may go unnoticed. In fact, a rise in temperature is a signal that an organism is affected by a harmful form of life. In other words, temperature is a consequence of the activation of the body’s natural defense system,
- Nausea, loss of appetite, dizziness, weakness, headache, fatigue, decreased physical and mental activity - all this is a consequence of intoxication of the child's body with pinworms. In the course of their vital activity, parasites secrete substances classified by our body as toxic. Of course, all these phenomena are difficult to observe in young children, but if a child is more than 3 years old, he will certainly complain about feeling unwell,
- Pain syndrome in the abdomen, which is periodic in nature - a consequence of mechanical damage by pinworms of the mucous membranes of the large intestine in the process of life,
- Minor damage to the skin tissue in the anus area is a consequence of the mechanical impact of the nails when trying to scratch an itchy area. In the future, an infection can get into the wounds, which will cause the development of secondary infections,
- The appearance of allergic reactions, including dermatitis, is associated with the activation of the immune system and the subsequent production of specific immunoglobulins of the IgE class, which further contribute to the release of histamine into the blood (mediator of allergic reactions). In general, antibodies of the IgE class are always produced in case of parasitic diseases. Note that the appearance of allergies is often observed with a massive lesion of the child’s intestines with pinworms,
- Increased feces, the emergence of a stable liquid stool with elements of mucus. The appearance of this symptom is associated with destabilization of the gastrointestinal tract and local inflammatory processes provoked by the activity of pinworms, in particular, with mechanical damage to intestinal mucous tissues,
- Lag in physical and mental development occurs due to long-term toxic poisoning of the child’s body,
- Increased excitability, nervous destabilization of varying intensity, hyperactivity, insomnia / disruption of the normal rhythm of sleep - a consequence of irritated intoxication of the nervous system,
- The development of vulvitis and vaginitis in girls is explained by the penetration of pinworms into the genitals, which, along with worms, enter intestinal bacteria,
- Incontinence at night,
- Dryness in the mouth, or vice versa, excessive salivation,
Treatment of pinworms in children
As a rule, treatment of enterobiosis in children is not associated with a long and painful for them therapeutic course. Moreover, the treatment of pinworms in children at home is not associated with a specific diet. Therefore, treatment for pinworms is quite simple. To do this, you can choose any of the 2 ways: medication or with the help of folk remedies. And also follow certain rules:
- Необходимо исключить вероятность повторного заражения ребенка острицами. Для этого следует пресекать попытки запихать пальчики в рот,
- Помыть с помощью сильномоющих и дезинфицирующих средств все игрушки и предметы индивидуальной гигиены,
- Постирать постельное, нательное и нижнее белье,
- To carry out wet cleaning of the whole room, as well as upholstered furniture and household appliances. This process also uses strong detergents,
The advantage of drugs is their high efficiency and a very short course of treatment. As a rule, it requires 1 dose of a therapeutic dose at once and taking 1 therapeutic dose after 2 weeks. There are no significant negative effects on the child’s body against pinworms.
Treatment of pinworms in children with folk remedies also has its advantages, namely, a milder removal of parasites from the body and the beneficial effect of medicines based on natural components on the body of babies. However, firstly, no one guarantees that after the first course of treatment, pinworms will disappear, secondly, traditional medicine provides a longer course of treatment, and for kids it is not particularly pleasant, especially some treatment regimens use enemas.
Komarovsky told about the symptoms and treatment of pinworms in children in the release of his TV program. Yevgeny Olegovich believes that the enterobiasis in children is quite ordinary and terrible in this there is nothing. Moreover, according to figures given by Dr. Komarovsky, a large number of children in our country are likely carriers of pinworms. To identify this disease is quite simple. First of all, you should note changes in the behavior of the child, especially attempts to scratch the "ass". Also, Evgeny Olegovich notes that pinworms can be detected in baby’s fecal masses, after natural excrement, or in underwear in the morning. As medicines for enterobiasis, Dr. Komarovsky recommends the use of highly effective antiparasitic drugs.
Treatment of pinworms with medicines
What drugs can get rid of pinworms:
- Pyrantel (Gelmintoks, Nemotsid and its other analogues). To date, this drug and its analogues are considered the most effective in the fight against nematodes, including pinworms. Another advantage of Pirantel is its safety when taking and rare adverse reactions, which leads to the possibility of taking this drug from 6 months. For babies provides a form of suspension. In children with enterobiasis, a dose is calculated according to the following scheme: 10-20 mg / 1 kg of body weight, but not more than 1 gram. Reception provides a single, the best time of taking the drug - the evening before bedtime,
If Pyrantel did not help, which is unlikely, you should turn to a more serious drug.
- Vermox (mebendazole). This drug has a large spectrum of action. It has a certain degree of toxicity, but, as a rule, if the instructions are followed, no undesirable effects are observed. As a drug for children with enterobiasis, a single dose is provided. The therapeutic dosage is 100 mg, approved for use from 2 years,
How to treat enterobiasis in adults: drugs and medications
One of the most common types of parasites in the human body is pinworms, which cause enterobiasis. The symptoms of this disease are quite simple, but they should not be neglected so that everything does not become chronic.
Treatment of enterobiosis does not require a special medication scheme, you only need to choose the right effective remedy, since the choice on the pharmaceutical market allows it. Just do not self-medicate, the doctor should establish a diagnosis, according to perianal-rectal analysis, since any drug has a number of side effects and should not be abused for prevention.
If the patient does not want to take pills, then you can pick up a folk remedy - mixtures, tinctures, decoctions, depending on their taste preferences. The main thing for a person is to overcome helminthic invasion, and for this you need to know who the pinworms are, how they get into the body and how to treat them. All this is described in detail below, are the treatment regimens, a list of drugs and folk remedies.
Enterobiasis causes a parasitic worm called pinworm, the size of a male is up to 5 mm, and the female is up to 12 mm. They are located in the initial section of the large intestine, as well as in the cecum and small intestine. Females crawl out into the perianal area and lay their eggs there, up to 12 thousand at a time. They can penetrate the vagina, and even reach the fallopian tubes.
Parasites are very similar to a thin white cotton thread. Females, often at night, crawl out and move through the anus and genitals. In this regard, a person's sleep is disturbed, he feels discomfort.
Symptoms of enterobiosis in adults can be observed both single and in aggregate. Signs of their presence are presented below:
- no itching in the anal area,
- sleep disturbance,
- failure of the gastrointestinal tract (diarrhea, feces with mucus),
- loss of appetite,
- urinary incontinence (in rare cases).
In the course of their vital activity in the human body, worms emit a huge amount of toxic substances that inhibit the immune system, thus the infected person often begins to hurt, and chronic diseases become more acute. Because of this, the patient takes drugs that remove symptoms, and is unaware of the presence of parasites.
If the above symptoms are observed with a frequency of three weeks and the patient does not begin to treat the presence of pinworms in the intestine, then all this may entail chronic enterobiosis. It is fraught with such consequences:
- inflammatory processes of the genital organs (in the female),
- anal fissures,
- eczema in the perianal area
- inflammatory processes of the intestinal mucosa.
If there is at least one of the above symptoms, you should immediately contact the therapist for an analysis. In the laboratory take perianal-rectal scraping.
The analysis of feces on the egg list is not effective here.
Curing enterobiasis is easy
Treatment of enterobiasis in adults is not difficult.
The treatment regimen consists of only one stage - to take an anthelmintic agent. Tablets are different, the differences exist only in the active substance and in price.
The most commonly prescribed drugs on the basis of levamisole, such as:
- Dekaris - the average price in the Russian Federation is 130-150 rubles,
- Levamisole - the average price of 60 - 75 rubles.
These tablets in addition have a slight immunomodulatory effect. They have a spectrum of action not only on pinworms, but also on other types of parasites. More often prescribed for ascariasis.
Their convenience is that you should take only once on an empty stomach. Although the side effects are much greater than those of mebendazole based medications.
Existing mebendazole based medications:
- Vermox - price in the Russian Federation is 110-150 rubles,
- Vormin - the average price of 25 - 35 rubles.
These drugs are designed to combat enterobiasis. The course of treatment is longer, from three days to two weeks.
If the patient does not want to take pills, then there are medicines with various forms of release, including in the form of a suspension, for example Zentel.
It is based on albendazole, which blocks glucose supply to the pinworms themselves, as a result of which they die and are excreted from the human body naturally, through feces.
The main thing to remember is that any medications listed above should be prescribed exclusively by a doctor, taking into account chronic diseases and the patient’s condition as a whole.
Any anthelmintic agent has an extensive range of contraindications and side effects.
Because of this, infected people often turn to folk remedies for help.
How and how to quickly kill eggs of worms?
Pill medicines used to combat pinworms cannot always kill eggs and larvae. In the process of self-infection a person may have constant relapses of infection. The short lifespan of helminths can be cured of parasites by eliminating the source of infection. With the observance of some measures, the worms themselves will leave the body. But in severe forms with a high concentration of parasites in the internal organs, emergency care is required. It is necessary to kill not only adults as a source of toxins, but also small pests: eggs and larvae, the accumulation of which can lead to the development of diseases and irreversible changes in tissues.
Ways to destroy eggs and larvae of worms
The size of an adult individual reaches a length of up to 12 mm and one female can produce litters of eggs, the number of which is several thousand. Eggs in vessels can spread throughout the body to all internal organs. The female pinworm goes outside to postpone the next clutch of offspring and this feature allows you to catch the parasite on the adhesive surface. The larvae and eggs enter the body through the mouth.
Once in the stomach, the shell does not open, only under the influence of a favorable climate in the intestines of the larvae begin to hatch. They continue their development to adult individuals at the end of the alimentary tract in the small intestine. The female has a maximum size, and the male is slightly smaller and has a length of up to 6 mm. A female can breed its offspring in the amount of up to 14 thousand larvae. To lay the clutch it should crawl out of the intestines.
Ways of infection
We give the most frequent ways of infection with pinworms:
- Environment. Green leaves and the surface of the earth may contain a huge number of parasites. The sandbox in the yard tends to attract stray dogs and cats, and their feces are a breeding ground for parasites that can live for a long time outdoors.
- Water from contaminated sources. Larvae live in lakes, ponds and backwaters. Drinking water from the tap in the house source not only pinworms, but other microorganisms. Infected mainly when children bathing in the wrong places.
- In areas of large concentrations of children, there will definitely be a carrier of the infection. The child, without knowing it, will give the pinworms to their peers.
- Contact. Adults take infection through handshakes, kisses and intimacy.
- Lack of simple hygiene leads to eggs in the mouth. Going down the esophagus, they open up in the intestine.
- On the fur of domestic animals and public restrooms.
- Children can be infected during sleep. Perineal itching forces you to brush the skin. Eggs fall on the fingers and under the fingernails of the hands. A baby can take a hand in its mouth and self-infect by the larvae. This cycle, with insufficient control, can be repeated continuously for a long time.
The duration of the worms and development cycle
Adult worms live in humans for up to 3 weeks, and in each worm laying several thousand eggs can be contained. The female lays the eggs in the folds at the exit of the small intestine. Waters the clutch with isovazelinic acid so that the cubs stick to the human skin. This acid causes unbearable itching in this area. From the morning before personal hygiene, the parasite is most likely to be detected by microscopic analysis of the scraping. It is much more difficult to find adult worms in a man’s feces, since the female dies after laying.
Eggs and larvae of worms in the water can survive for 3 weeks, and on the surface of objects they rarely live for up to a year, the parasites in the larval stage are very sensitive to wet cleaning and die when surfaces are cleaned with any detergent. Therefore, to defeat the infection requires constant cleaning of the room and processing of all possible places of mass accumulation of eggs. Naturally, the worms completely leave the body after 40 days, but this is subject to the exclusion of self-infection during this period.
Most often, worms are found in children and there are no measures that prevent completely the possibility of infection by parasites. In kindergartens, the main accumulation and exchange of infection occurs. The main habitat of eggs is the toilet and the earth, sand on street platforms. According to modern legislation, children are accepted to kindergarten only after being screened for worms and a certificate issued by a medical institution. For analysis, doctors are obliged to make an anus scraping, but violations often occur and doctors take an analysis of feces on the egg list. But such an analysis can not guarantee one hundred percent probability of detecting a parasite and the child comes into the group to infect other children.
When an infection is found in a group of one child, doctors recommend that everyone be treated. But due to the specifics of the development of parasites, this does not lead to full recovery, because pinworm eggs live everywhere and another relapse of infection occurs. The reason for the repetition is the lack of hygiene after the street and contact with the sick. Pinworms can be adults, constantly infecting their household. In the world, up to 1 billion people are infected with pinworms, and with so many carriers it is almost impossible to prevent a relapse. According to the research results, the worms do not bring significant damage to health and they feed on substances in the intestine.
Symptoms of pinworm carrier
An adult can describe his condition and the doctor will identify the cause of the ailment, and the situation with children is somewhat more complicated. Common symptoms in children and adults are the same. By indirect evidence, parents are advised to check the scraping immediately. For analysis, you can use your own scotch tape to remove the skin of the anus, stick it on a piece of glass and take it to the laboratory. Some doctors recommend an analysis of fecal egg test. There is no need for this, it is enough to do several analyzes of scraping under a microscope and you need to take an imprint in the morning before taking bath procedures.
Adults can crawl out at night outside the human gut and wander on the surface of the organs. At night, the human muscles are the most relaxed and the worm easily overcomes resistance. In some children, in rare cases, pinworms were found in the pelvic area. Wandering pinworms crawl in girls in the vagina, which causes additional irritation.
Common symptoms of worms carriers:
- itching and scabbing,
- restless sleep, excessive irritability, tearfulness and loss of activity,
- loss of appetite and disorders in the intestines: diarrhea and constipation,
- nauseous and stomach rumbling,
- can be observed in the feces of scratching,
- the manifestation of allergic reactions on the skin around the anus,
- during prolonged carriage, bruises appear under the eyes and a general exhaustion of the body.
If symptoms occur in children, the first step is to be tested for pinworms. With a positive analysis, all close people who have contact with the sick and the general living space undergo treatment. If one person has a parasite, then there is no need to pass tests to everyone, and immediately go through a preventive course.
To combat worms apply several organizational measures:
- direct destruction of worms in the patient's body with pills,
- hygiene and measures to prevent re-infection,
- surface treatment, clothing and all items of the patient.
The appearance of worms in a child does not contain a health hazard and does not require panic actions. The basic measures of control include basic hygiene of the patient. It is not recommended to use folk remedies, since the necessary concentration of these substances in the intestine is never reached. Folk methods are effective for reducing the activity of helminths, but complete removal from the body will not occur. Such substances include garlic and soda enemas, herbal extracts and starvation. Finally, only pills will help destroy the parasites.
Naturally the worms come out by themselves. The exit of the intestine moistened with sunflower oil or petroleum jelly, zinc ointment and stop the passage. Time without re-infection will do its job and pinworms die. This method is not suitable for people who regularly visit public institutions. For quick disposal use tablets, which will be discussed below.
Clothes must be subjected to heat treatment and washing at temperatures up to 80 degrees. Ironing iron eliminates worms that survive. Surfaces should be treated daily with detergents and disinfectants. Eggs die instantly. During treatment, the patient should refrain from hiking in public places and on the street. In Soviet times, kindergartens were used for daily processing of sandboxes and land at playgrounds. The sand was collected in a heap and spilled with manganese solution. In modern conditions, constant processing of sandboxes is necessary not only in the gardens, but also in the courtyards of residential buildings.
Prevention of domestic animals includes preparations for worms and the treatment of wool, skin, claws. On the street, helminth eggs stick to the sole of the shoe and are carried through the house by drafts. The animal licks, nibbles on shoes and sniffs new items from the street, spreading eggs to furniture and floor coverings. A small child, playing with toys on the floor, constantly takes his hands in his mouth and becomes infected with worms.
To prevent the crawling out of large individuals, use types of panties with elastics on the legs. Diapers also help act as an insulator for parasites. The nails should always be cut short. Также необходимо соблюдать частое подмывание в течение дня и особенно по утрам. Взрослые проводят аналогичные процедуры и приём таблеток, чтобы не заразить ребёнка. После прохождения лечения проводят повторный приём тех же препаратов. Одиночный курс не может окончательно уничтожить заразу.
Добиться абсолютной гарантии в исключении заражения невозможно. A huge number of people live with parasites, unaware of their existence and constantly infecting others. In children's groups there is a periodic surge of the disease, which helps to periodically take pills
Preparations from pinworms
Appointment of tablets occurs on the existing symptoms and laboratory tests. For pregnant women, there are no harmless medications and there is no need to undergo drug treatment in the early stages. To preserve the health of the future baby is recommended to endure the parasites with hygiene and wait until they come out naturally. Of course, the opinions of doctors differ on this matter and the final decision is made by the expectant mother on the basis of personal considerations.
Doctors recommend taking piperazine for nursing and pregnant women. It is also suitable for small children. No side effects were observed. The drug affects the muscle mass of worms, blocking their movement, leads to the conclusion in a natural way. The desired result is the polymerization of tubulin. The drug acts not only on one type of parasite, but is also sensitive to associated pathogens, such as roundworm. Available in pill and suspension form.
Piperazin instructions states that the substances that are part of the drug, only partially absorbed by the intestinal mucosa. The bulk of the drug is concentrated in the intestines and excreted along with worms and faeces. This achieves minimal damage to the health of the body. Piperazin taken before meals for two days.
Pyrantel is used not only for enterobiasis, but also in cases of ascariasis, necatoriasis and trichocephalosis. Tablets act on the musculature of intestinal nematodes. For enterobiasis, take once by dosage, calculated in the instructions, depending on body weight. Recommended after treatment re-use of the drug after 3 weeks. It has a number of side effects: disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, manifestations of nausea, sometimes vomiting, dizziness and headache, drowsiness and decreased reaction, allergic rashes and fever.
Albendazole tablets are sensitive to worms and their larvae. In addition to enterobiosis, they are suitable for a number of parasitic diseases: ascariasis, giardiasis, trichonelosis, and others. A full description of the indications is indicated in the instructions for use of the drug. It is necessary to accept after food, washing down with water. For the prevention of conventional worms take one time. This tool should not be taken strictly during pregnancy and blood diseases, and also should not be prescribed to children under 2 years.
Symptoms and treatment of pinworms in children
Pinworms are microorganisms that parasitize inside a person and cause enterobiosis. Very often, the disease proceeds without visible symptoms, and only with a strong invasion signs appear. Pinworms in children are most often manifested by severe itching in the anus, but there are other characteristic features of the disease.
Pathways of parasites
What is enterobiosis? This is helminthiasis caused by nematodes. The causative agent is a small worm, having a gray-white color. Its size is about 1 cm.
How does the pinworm cycle occur? The main way of infection - contact-household. Worm eggs fall into the oral cavity. The main localization is observed in the large intestinal tract. The parasite exhibits more activity at night; it was at this time that the muscles of the final section of the rectum and anus are relaxed.
An adult female helminth crawls out and starts producing eggs. This whole process is accompanied by severe itching. The caused symptom causes the child to scratch the anus. Combing the place, he puts the worms under his nails and spreads them to other parts of the body and surrounding objects. Repeated self-infection occurs.
Small children with dirty hands touch toys, bedding, dishes, so other family members become infected. Worms can be pets.
Inadequate hygiene leads to the fact that the eggs of worms fall into the mouth. In the intestinal part of the eggs, the larvae begin to appear, which after 14 days pass into the adult form of development.
Symptoms and treatment in children of pinworms depends on the degree of infestation of the organism, on immunity, age and features of health in general.
The disease does not pass by even the smallest children. What causes parasites in the newborn organism? In infants, enterobiosis can develop for several reasons.
- The disease can occur in the womb. Parasites penetrate with the blood through the placenta. Most anthelmintic drugs should not be taken during gestation, so you have to be treated with traditional methods or not at all.
- Pinworms appear in contact with a sick person. It is very important to ensure that everyone who takes the baby in their hands, observe hygiene.
- The appearance of worms is associated with a period of teething, crawling. At this time, the infant baby begins to explore the world with the help of objects. Worm eggs can be on any things.
What if the child has pinworms? First of all, you need to pass the necessary tests that will help establish an accurate diagnosis. Almost all antihelminthic drugs are highly toxic, so you cannot solve the problem yourself.
Only a doctor after studying the results of tests can prescribe treatment with an indication of the appropriate dosage.
The most reliable method is scraping from the anus. Smear allows to detect worms eggs. It needs to be done in the morning, and no need to pre-wash the baby. Especially effective to pass the analysis when the child slept badly at night, crying and scratching the anus.
Scraping must be taken at least three times with an interval of one day. Since the result can be obtained unreliable, even if the disease is. The biomaterial is collected in two ways: with adhesive tape or with a cotton swab soaked in petroleum jelly.
The usual analysis of feces will be uninformative, since adult females lay eggs at the external entrance of the rectum, and not inside it. Pinworms in the feces of a child can not be seen.
To confirm enterobiasis in children can complete blood count. An increased level of eosinophils, leukocytes is detected.
The feces for dysbacteriosis show abnormalities in the intestinal microflora, the number of bifidumbacteria, Escherichia coli and other beneficial components is reduced.
Signs of infection
Pinworms in children cannot be seen around the anus or feces. They can be seen only under a microscope in the laboratory. Attentive parents may be suspicious of enterobiasis due to the behavior and condition of the baby.
The most common symptoms of enterobiasis in children are as follows:
- the child is constantly scratching the bottom
- child's pinworm causes poor, short sleep, crying and fidgeting,
- symptoms of enterobiosis can be manifested in children by loss of appetite, complaints of nausea, weight loss,
- from pinworms in children may be drooling in a dream,
- pain in various parts of the abdomen,
- signs of pinworms in children are manifested as a violation of the chair: diarrhea alternates with constipation,
- complaints of pain in the head,
- integuments turn pale,
- the child looks tired, he is irritable, capricious.
If signs of pinworms appear in children, you need to be examined. If the treatment is not started, wounds and abrasions are formed due to scratching, bacterial infection and inflammation join.
What are dangerous pinworms? This type of worms is dangerous because complications develop.
- Girls develop vulvovaginitis. This happens when the pinworms go inside the genitals, and they become inflamed.
- Helminthiasis caused by pinworms can lead to enterocolitis.
- A large number of pinworms, huddling together in heaps, covers the intestinal lumen, and its obstruction develops.
- If pinworms penetrate the peritoneum, peritonitis may develop.
- Allergic manifestations may occur: rash, cough, itching.
Enterobiasis in children can cause disruption in the work not only of individual internal organs, but also of entire systems. The nervous, endocrine, and immune systems suffer the most.
In newborns, pinworms can be detected by the following features:
- with pinworms, the baby does not gain weight or even lose it,
- saliva is abundantly excreted, and this is not due to teething,
- a rash on certain areas of the skin (especially on the hips, shoulders),
- the bowel movement is disturbed
- skin becomes pale, bruises under the eyes,
- the baby does not sleep well, often wakes up,
- signs of enterobiasis can occur with frequent abundant regurgitation.
How to treat enterobiosis in infants? Almost all anti-worming drugs are contraindicated in children up to 6 months. Therefore, the disease should be treated only by a specialist.
Drugs for the treatment of disease
Treatment of enterobiosis in children is prescribed only by a specialist. The duration of treatment in most cases is 3-5 days, but after 14-20 days, the course is repeated.
How to get rid of pinworms in a child? Before taking antihelminthic drugs, you need to prepare the body. A week before the start of the main treatment, you must go on a diet. You can not eat spicy, salty, fatty foods, as well as products that have a fixing effect.
Treatment in children pinworms can be carried out using the following medications.
- The tool Piperazin will help to save the child from pinworms. The drug paralyzes the neuromuscular system of the parasite and helps to bring them out. Available in the form of tablets and powder for suspension. It is allowed to apply to children up to one year in a dosage of 0.2 g twice a day. With age, the dosage increases. The course of treatment lasts 5 days. A week is worth repeating the course.
- Pinworms in a child can be cured with Pirantel's medicine. After taking the medication there is a paralysis of the pinworm's muscles, they die and go out with the feces. The medicine is given once per 10 mg of active ingredient per 1 kg of body weight. Allowed medicinal medication for use in children from 6 months. After 3 weeks, the course is repeated.
- Mebendazole The drug leads to impaired absorption of glucose by parasites, thereby depriving them of food, and they die. Assign children from 2 years at a dosage of 25-50 mg once.
- Dekaris. The treatment drug blocks the nerve impulses of the pinworms, and they die. In addition to the anthelmintic action, the drug has an immunostimulating effect. For children under 6 years prescribed dosage of 50 mg.
- Nemozol helps treat pinworms in a child. Violates metabolic processes inside the body of the parasite, destroys its shell and stops the absorption of glucose. Assign to children aged 2 years. The dosage depends on the body weight: 15 mg of the active substance is taken for 1 kg. The treatment lasts a week.
- The fight against parasites can be carried out in conjunction with the drug Vormin. The drug causes metabolic disturbances and leads to the death of worms. Children from 2 to 10 years prescribed dosage of 50 mg, one time.
Treatment of pinworms in children with strong manifestations of allergy is combined with the intake of antihistamine drugs: Cetrin, Loratadine, Zodaka.
Pinworms in children, dying, begin to release toxins that poison the body. Therefore, one day after taking antihelminthic drugs, you need to drink enterosorbents: Enterosgel, Polysorb, activated carbon.
After anthelmintic therapy, the body needs to be restored. How to cure the effects of pinworms in the body? For this purpose, vitamins, immunomodulators, prebiotics and probiotics can be prescribed.
Along with drug therapy allowed the use of traditional medicine compositions. How to remove pinworms in a child? The most effective recipes include ingredients such as pumpkin seeds, garlic and onions, carrot juice and beets.
Treatment according to Komarovsky
Millions of caring parents listen to the opinion of the famous pediatrician Dr. Komarovsky, so his recommendations on the treatment of opisthorchiasis deserve special attention.
Dr. Komarovsky advises to treat opisthorchiasis (trematodoz disease caused by parasitic flatworms of the genus Opisthorchis - Opisthorchis felineus and Opisthorchis viverrini):
- antiallergic drugs that help relieve symptoms of intoxication,
- antiparasitic pills that destroy and deduce opistorhisov.
In his opinion, the entire course of treatment and the restoration of health after such a serious infection in a child should be carried out under the strict and constant supervision of a physician. Komarovsky recalls that the refusal of medical consultation and an objective course of therapy entails complications: peritonitis of the biliary tract, malignant tumors of the liver, pancreatitis.
We treat opisthorchiasis in an infant
In a situation when opisthorchosis (trematodoz disease caused by parasitic flatworms of the genus Opisthorchis - Opisthorchis felineus and Opisthorchis viverrini) (trematodoz disease caused by parasitic flatworms of the genus Opisthorchis - Opisthorchis felineus and Opisthorchis viverrini) Newborns are exposed, only a doctor can prescribe a course of treatment (a person using his skills, knowledge and experience in the prevention and treatment of diseases, maintaining the normal functioning of the human body). He can choose suitable medicines on the basis of tests and diagnostic results, as well as starting from this age group of the child.
An approximate course of treatment at the initial stage consists of:
- food enzymes,
Next, the doctor selects the least toxic means for the destruction and removal of parasites:
- anthelmintic mild action with a minimal list of side effects,
- cholagogue means for removing the remains of parasites.
After the parasites leave the child, it is very important to restore the losses to which their livelihood has led. At this stage of therapy, the doctor selects such drugs that will help restore the damaged cells, namely, for the normal functioning of the liver and gastrointestinal organs. Be sure to prescribe a multivitamin means.
How to treat opisthorchiasis in children folk remedies
Traditional medicine in the treatment of opisthorchiasis in children is more relevant than ever, because not every child's body can withstand the intake of synthetic drugs.
- Aspen - 2 tablespoons (cutlery, vaguely resembling a small spatula in the form of a small small vessel-cup (scooped), connected by a jumper with a holder (handle)) crushed bark is poured with half liter of boiling water, after which they insist overnight and take 10 grams 4 times a day before meals.
- St. John's Wort - a tablespoon (cutlery, vaguely resembling a small spatula in the form of a small small vessel-cup (scooped), connected by a jumper with a holder (handle)) herbs are poured with a glass of hot water, boiled for 5 minutes and left for an hour, then filtered and drunk 10 grams 4 times a day.
- Birch tar - in a glass of whole milk, dissolve 5 drops of the product, each morning before meals, take once within 10 days.
- Dandelion - a tablespoon of crushed leaves is dissolved in 200 ml of boiling water, 2 hours insist and take 3 times a day for 10 grams of broth.
- Flax - seeds pushed to the powder, 5 times a day, take 2 tablespoons of such raw materials, drinking water or adding to food.
Traditional medicine is not a guarantor of full recovery, therefore, the main focus should be on treatment prescribed by a doctor.
Preventive measures to avoid opisthorchiasis in children:
- teaching the child to sanitary standards and personal hygiene,
- abandonment of games in public muddy sandboxes
- feeding high-quality fresh food
- eat fish with quality certificates and in accordance with the rules of heat treatment,
- after cutting the fish thorough washing up.
You should not panic if your child has symptoms characteristic of the disease, as a timely visit to the doctor will help to destroy the enemy.
What you need to know about the disease?
If there is such a parasite in the child's body, do not get upset too soon and tune in to the worst consequences. Since opisthorchosis often affects not only adult patients, but also children, modern medicine has already found the optimal and effective treatment regimen.
Parents are required only one thing - do not delay with a visit to the doctor, and also refuse to take home treatment on their own.
The earlier the treatment of opisthorchiasis is started (trematodoz disease caused by parasitic flatworms of the genus Opisthorchis - Opisthorchis felineus and Opisthorchis viverrini) a child, the greater the chance of a doctor (person (social being with mind and consciousness, as well as the subject of socio-historical activities and culture), using their skills, knowledge and experience in the prevention and treatment of diseases, maintaining the normal functioning of the human body) to conduct effective therapy without complications. Само по себе такое паразитное заболевания не проходит, если же ее не лечить, она перейдет в хроническую стадию и приведет к серьезным осложнениям.
Как вылечить народными средствами аскаридов у взрослых и детей
When a person is infected with worms (otherwise their name is helminths), they are diagnosed with helminthiasis, sometimes replaced by the notion of "worm infestation."
Statistics show that the most common worming is a species called ascaris. Just about him, we'll talk in this article. We learn how to diagnose and treat.
If the patient has contraindications to treatment with antihelminthic drugs (A drug (drug, medicine) is a substance or mixture of substances of synthetic or natural origin in the form of a dosage form (tablets, capsules, solution, etc.) used) classical medicine, he turns for help to natural techniques. Moreover, babies are not desirable to be treated with toxic drugs.
Ascarids called the species of large parasitic worms, which, having reached the human intestinal tract, begin to increase their population through active reproduction. In this regard, the detected invasion of this kind is called ascariasis.
To be treated by non-traditional methods is quite realistic and safer. The use of the same development of pharmacology harms not only the worms, but also often has a long list of side effects, heavily tolerated by humans. The toxicity of drugs has a negative effect on the patient.
The success of the application of the described methods is known from ancient times. But even this way of healing requires supervision from a specialist throughout the course. As soon as the diagnostic results confirm helminthic invasion with the presence of ascaris, it is necessary to immediately proceed to the fulfillment of the prescriptions of folk therapy. And the sooner this is done, the less damage to health will be caused by helminths.
When the external symptoms of ascariasis appeared, the laboratory examination was confirmed, the patient simply needs to go to the pharmacy or even to the nearest market and purchase everything that is useful to him in treatment.
Below is a description of several recipes that have become popular with the release of ascaris. If the symptoms of roundworm in adults are manifested, non-traditional therapy will be a good and effective choice. Tutu can offer the following methods:
Garlic with milk
Take the head of garlic, and choose a larger one, divide it into teeth and peel it. Dip peeled garlic in 0.25 liters of fresh milk and cook until soft. Milk is cooled and filtered through cheesecloth. While it is still not completely cooled, but at about body temperature, this milk broth is used for an enema. All 7 days, every evening to repeat this procedure.
There are reasons when the enema will be impossible. The patient can simply drink milk broth with garlic.
Half a kilogram of pumpkin seeds are peeled, crushing them through a meat grinder. Poured milled composition of 50 grams of cooled boiled water. Stir it all up to a state of uniformity. Take 1 teaspoon on an empty stomach. With breaks, but in one hour, everything must be eaten. The medicine is effective only when it is fresh, therefore it should not be left the next day.
After three hours, the patient drinks a powerful laxative, and in the evening the cleansing enema will strengthen the healing effect.
There is another method of applying pumpkin.
This time they are paired with a half cup of dry leaves of wormwood. Mix the same amount of pumpkin seeds milled in a grinder with wormwood, and pour a couple of glasses of vodka on top. Put the infusion in a dark place for a week. At the end of this period, it is taken out, shaken and filtered. Reception is conducted 2 times a day, 2 tablespoons.
A larger fruit is selected, after careful laundering it is cut in half. Chop one part (including the peel, film and seeds) and put in a small saucepan. Content is poured over 0.3 liters of boiling water and put on a small fire for 10 minutes. Wrap the dish with broth in a towel and let it stand for another 3 hours. When the drink cools, it is filtered and drink 1/3 cup (usually a glass vessel close in shape to a cylinder or truncated cone, without a handle) 4 times a day. The taste of the infusion gives bitterness, if sweetened, then it will be more pleasant to drink.
Sesame oil. Take a full glass (usually a glass vessel close in shape to a cylinder or truncated cone, without a handle) sesame and pour into it a couple of tablespoons (cutlery, vaguely resembling a small spatula in the form of a small small vessel-cup (scooped), connected by a jumper with a holder (handle)) juice, squeezed from onions. After 5 hours take 2 tbsp. spoons. Therapy lasts 4 days.
Peanut butter. It is well heated, but not boiling, and drink at one time 4 tbsp. spoons. The procedure is repeated after 6 hours, and so on for one day.
Nard and Tansy
When selecting herbs for removing roundworm, tansy is quite common, mixed with other herbs.
Mix in equal proportions by volume of virgin, powdered pounded flowers of tansy and the same amount of dry chopped blueberries. Once again grind this mass and take 50 grams on an empty stomach every 2 hours, washed down with boiled water.
Wormwood and Chamomile
The color of tansy, dried chamomile flowers and leaves of wormwood are mixed in different proportions, fall asleep in a saucepan and pour 0.2 liters of water. Boil and put on slow fire for 10 minutes. Allow to cool the tincture, strain it and drink 0.2 liters twice a day. The course lasts for 4 days, and each time requires a new broth.
- immortelle flowers -1 spoon,
- dried yarrow - 1 spoon,
- Gentian root - 1.5 spoons (cutlery, vaguely resembling a small spatula in the form of a small small vessel-cup (scooped), connected by a jumper with a holder (handle)),
- three-leaf watch - 0.5 spoons.
Stir and pour three glasses of water, boil and hold on high heat for 5 minutes. Remove from heat and, until cold, add 1 tbsp. l Tansy flowers. Wrap the saucepan in a towel and allow to cool in this state, strain and drink 1/2 cup three times a day at intervals of 1 hour. The decoction treatment lasts three weeks.
Treatment of roundworm in adults is facilitated by the consciousness and patience of mature people (social being with mind and consciousness, as well as the subject of socio-historical activities and culture). Forcing children to drink bitter medicine is more difficult and they need constant external monitoring during long-term therapy.
Treatment of children
Ascariasis is considered one of the most common diseases in childhood. This type of invasion is classified as dangerous and requires immediate treatment. Parents whose children have not yet arrived at the adolescent stage are strongly recommended by doctors to know what the symptoms look like (one of the individual signs, the frequent manifestation of any disease, pathological condition or disruption of any process of vital activity) of this type of infection, as well as methods of combating the parasite (one of the types of coexistence of organisms).
The problem of ascariasis has long been successfully coped. Treatment of roundworm in children does not give such a rapid effect, as in the situation with pinworms. Each individual case of infection requires an individual approach in the selection of a method for the destruction of the parasite and its removal from the body. If the question concerns the invasion of children, parents should discuss this topic not with acquaintances, but with a doctor (a person using his skills, knowledge and experience in the prevention and treatment of diseases (it is a condition of the body, expressed in violation of its normal life, life expectancy, and its ability to maintain its homeostasis), maintaining the normal functioning of the body (a living body that has a set of properties that distinguish it from inanimate matter, including metabolism, self-maintenance of its structure and organization, the ability to reproduce them when) person).
Methods for removing roundworm using unconventional means
Homeopathy and alternative medicine offer many techniques that make it possible to be treated at home.
- Garlic treatment. When his head is boiled in milk until soft, then the fire is turned off and allowed to cool the milk broth to the temperature in the room. Milk soaked in garlic juice is used as an enema for the baby. All week, before going to bed, carry out this procedure. Babies can reduce the dose by half.
- Chop the onion and pour 1 cup boiling water. Allow to stand for 12 hours, the child should drink this infusion 3 times a day and 1/2 cup.
- Pumpkin seeds (0.5 kg), peel, crush with a rolling pin, and then mix with water so that the mixture turns into mush. A child of preschool age is obliged to eat 100 grams of this drug in an hour, and from 7 to 12 grams - 200 grams.
- Young walnuts with unripe kernels and green peel to grind to obtain only 50 grams. This volume is filled with salted boiling water, stirred and infused for 30 minutes. Strained broth should be drunk in the course of the day for several approaches, each time taking 2 sips.
- There is also a recipe using walnut leaves (about 30 grams in volume). Pour 0.5 liters of boiling water in a pot, cover and wrap it with a towel. Allow to cool in this state for 2 hours and give broth to the baby before eating. One intake includes 30 g of such funds.
- Medicinal herbs.
In equal proportions (10 grams), take flax seeds, wormwood, spicy cloves and mix. In a coffee grinder, grind them to a state of powder. When dry, give the child this mixture on an empty stomach. For 1 time give 1 teaspoon, babies can reduce the dose by half.
Another recipe: peppermint, buckthorn bark and tansy flowers take 2 tablespoons. Add 1 spoon (cutlery, vaguely resembling a small spatula in the form of a small small vessel-cup (scooped), connected by a jumper with a holder (handle)) wormwood and the same amount of valerian root. At the very end add 3 spoons of carrot seeds. The resulting mass is stirred, scrolled on a coffee grinder and brewed as tea. For every glass of boiling water there is 1 spoon of the mixture. Pour and let stand 15 minutes, drain the grass. The child should drink a glass in the morning and the same in the evening. The course lasts 3 days.
- Carrots by themselves are good for worms (The common name for parasitic worms that live in humans, other animals and plants that cause helminth infections). To do this, the child once a day should eat one large carrot and drink 1 glass of fresh carrot juice. Parents are obliged to observe that the baby has stopped the symptoms of infection, and then some more time to drink his juice for prevention.
Symptoms of infection with worms
The characteristic signs of invasion include:
- lack of appetite or, on the contrary - excessive,
- weight loss,
- the child is naughty, irritable, does not sleep well,
- digestion is disturbed: constipation, diarrhea, abdominal pain,
- nausea, vomiting,
- increase in body temperature up to 37.5 ° С without cold symptoms,
- with the defeat of the lungs a dry cough appears,
- allergic manifestations on the skin: urticaria, dermatitis,
- paleness of the skin,
- itching of the anus during enterobiasis,
- avitaminosis, anemia,
- fatigue, decreased concentration.
Symptoms may vary slightly depending on the type of parasite and the severity of the disease. Some worms migrate throughout the body, affecting internal organs, fall under the skin, causing acute inflammation of a certain area.
Helminths long-lasting in the intestines absorb nutrients from the food that a child eats. As a result, a deficiency of vitamins and microelements develops, and the immunity is weakened. Children more often suffer from colds, allergies, stomatitis.
How to remove worms in a child, what medicines are not harmful for children? There are several groups of anthelmintic drugs that differ in the method of exposure. Some pills cause paralysis of the musculature of the parasites; they cannot be held on the intestinal walls, after which they are excreted with feces in unchanged form.
Another class of drugs violates the digestive chain of worms, which leads to their death. Parasites come in whole or partially digested, can leave the human body along with vomit masses.
Medicine for worms for children should be prescribed by a doctor after testing and identifying the causative agent of invasion. Self-medication can cause harm to the child’s health, as the medications have some contraindications and side effects.
Vermox tablets are an effective remedy for worms for children and adults. The drug has a wide range of actions, helps to bring ascaris, pinworms, pork tapeworm. The drug violates the utilization of glucose in the body of worms, which causes the death of adult parasites (one of the types of coexistence of organisms) and their larvae. Vermox is practically not absorbed in the intestine, has a local effect and is excreted along with feces.
The drug is prescribed to children older than 2 years. Indications for use:
- treatment of worms in children with a mixed type of invasion.
When enterobiasis tablets are given to children once, for removal of other parasites therapy is carried out for 3 days. If necessary, repeat the course after 2 weeks.
Contraindications to the use of Vermox are inflammatory, chronic diseases of the digestive tract. The drug may have side effects in the form of nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, allergic reaction, headache. In case of overdose, the liver is disturbed, hair loss is observed.
Children's suspension Gelmintoks appointed when infected with pinworms, ascaris and ankilostomy. This is a cure for worms (The common name for parasitic worms that live in humans, other animals and plants that cause helminth infectionsa) a broad spectrum of action causes muscle blockade in the body of the parasite, effective against sexually mature worms, larvae and eggs.
Helmintox is the best helminth medicine for young children. You can take it from 6 months. For convenience, a special measuring spoon attached to the correct dosage is attached with the suspension. The medicine tastes good and the child drinks it with pleasure. Treatment is carried out by a single dose of the drug with a repeat after 21 days.
Gelmintoks can cause adverse reactions to the gastrointestinal tract, allergic manifestations, drowsiness, fever, confusion. Overdose does not cause serious symptoms (one of the individual signs, the frequent manifestation of any disease, pathological condition or disruption of any process of vital activity) intoxication.
Another effective remedy for helminthic invasion is Dekaris tablets. The drug paralyzes the parasites and ensures their excretion from the intestine during the day. The indication for use is infection with ascaris, ankilostomy. In addition to the antihelminthic effect, the drug helps to strengthen the immune system.
Worm tablets for children are allowed from the age of three; the child’s weight must be at least 10 kg. Take the medicine once in the morning after meals. With the reappearance of symptoms of invasion treatment (a process aimed at alleviating, relieving or eliminating the symptoms and manifestations of a particular disease or injury, pathological condition or other impairment of vital activity,) spend again after 2 weeks.
- nausea, vomiting,
- stomach ache,
- urticaria, itchy skin.
Dekaris can be prescribed as an immunomodulator with frequent viral, catarrhal diseases, stomatitis.
Restoration of the bowels
Disturbance of intestinal peristalsis, natural microflora increases the risk of infection with worms. In a healthy child, the eggs of parasites, when ingested, are exposed to gastric juice, digestive enzymes, and in most cases die.
Enterosorbents and lactobacteria help to normalize the gastrointestinal tract. The drug Polysorb PM has a pronounced sorption and detoxification effect. Excretes allergens from the body, toxins, which are produced as a result of the vital activity of worms.
Polysorb powder does not break down and is not absorbed into the systemic circulation. In the intestine, the substance binds poisonous components and removes them from the body. The medicine is absolutely harmless, allowed to be used for the treatment of children (basically, man in childhood) since birth.
It is contraindicated to take Polysorb in the following cases:
- peptic ulcer of the stomach, duodenum,
- idiosyncrasy of the drug (A drug (drug, medicine) is a substance or mixture of substances of synthetic or natural origin in the form of a dosage form (tablets, capsules, solution, etc.) used),
- intestinal bleeding,
- can not be combined with taking other drugs.
Polysorb is dissolved in water, the amount of powder is taken based on body weight. Ребенку весом до 10 кг разводят 0,5–1 чайную ложку средства в 50 мл теплой воды. Больным, чья масса тела больше 30 кг, дозировку повышают до 2 ч. ложек. Лекарство принимают 1 раз в сутки.
Polysorb overdose occurs rarely, can cause constipation, an allergic reaction, abdominal pain. It is necessary to take into account that the intake of sorbents violates the absorption of nutrients in the intestine, therefore, at the end of therapy, vitamin-mineral complexes are prescribed.
Preparations for worms in children should be prescribed by a pediatrician or an infectious disease doctor after testing. The dosage is selected taking into account the body weight of the child, the pills are most often taken once. It is important to comply with sanitary measures during treatment to prevent re-infection. Drinking pills for prevention is only necessary if there is a high probability of infection.
Komarovsky about parasites: treatment and prevention
All people have worms, but few people want to admit it, since this is a very delicate problem. Children are especially susceptible to infection, they often put dirty hands and various objects in their mouths. Through all this, infection occurs. There are many experts who recommend different methods of treatment of the disease, but young mummies are always interested in what Komarovsky says about parasites. About this experienced pediatrician and his recommendations will be discussed in this article.
Briefly about helminths and methods of infection
Worms are small parasites that live at the expense of another organism. Penetrating into the immature organism of the child, the larvae of the worms begin active livelihoods. In adults, they can die, thanks to a good immune system and the consumption of effective foods. Unfortunately, children's immunity is weak and much of what adults eat is simply forbidden to a child.
Worms can penetrate into the body in different ways, experts identify several dangerous main areas:
- dirty hands,
- earth, sand in the sandbox,
- unwashed vegetables and fruits
- tap water,
- raw meat, fish,
- water in the river, lake.
Penetrating into the body, the larvae of worms firmly attached to the mucous surfaces of the intestine. In these places, growth, development and reproduction of worms begins. They can affect other organs, such as the liver, kidneys, lungs, pancreas, brain. The illness itself manifests itself acutely in 1-2 weeks after infection. If at this moment you do not seek medical help, the disease will become chronic and will be asymptomatic.
In the period of acute illness, parents will notice changes in the general condition of the child. Among the main symptoms, Dr. Komarovsky notes:
- lethargy, general malaise,
- skin becomes pale,
- pain in the abdomen, but especially near the navel,
- upset stool (diarrhea, constipation),
- headache, dizziness,
- red rashes on the body,
- weight loss
- bad breath.
Important! The symptoms inherent in the presence of helminths are very similar to other diseases. Accurately determine the presence of worms is possible only after passing tests.
As soon as the parents saw such changes in the child's health, it is necessary to immediately contact a pediatrician. The doctor will examine the baby and prescribe tests of feces and urine, which will inform about the parasites in the body. Sometimes it is additionally necessary to donate blood from a vein, however, this practice is rarely practiced in our country, since the procedure is expensive. Based on the tests received, the doctor will make an appointment.
How to get rid of parasites
In nature, there are many varieties of different worms. Only the test results will determine what kind of parasite settled in the child's body. Each worm is completely different, and therefore requires a specific treatment and dosage of the drug. It is important not to self-medicate, as it can only harm.
Komarovsky argues that traditional medicine is far less effective than pharmacological drugs. "Grandmothers" methods are best used for preventive purposes, and treatment should be carried out only with high-quality drugs. An exception is only if the child has allergic reactions to the components of anthelmintic drugs.
Many mommies are afraid that the worms pills have many adverse reactions, so they are trying to use folk methods. However, this can only aggravate the situation, and time will be wasted. As a rule, pediatricians prescribe effective drugs with a minimal amount of unpleasant adverse reactions and toxins. Before taking the pills, it is necessary to consult a doctor, as each individual worm requires a certain dosage of the drug, the doctor also takes into account the weight of the baby and possible chronic diseases. Among the most common antihelminthic drugs, children are prescribed:
All of these drugs are available in pharmacies of any city. Buy them is not difficult
Worms in children, Dr. Komarovsky about helminths in a child, children's helminth infections, what do worm invasions look like?
In the animal and plant world, such a phenomenon is quite common when one creature tries to survive at the expense of another creature. This process of survival is called parasitic, and those who seek to use another type of organism for their own purposes are called parasites. Not paid attention to the parasites and the human body. They are flat worms (cestodes) and round (nematodes) worms. Settling in various human organs, worms provoke the development of a huge number of diseases. Infection with parasites can occur at any stage of human development. Since staying in the body of the mother and up to old age.
Of course, nature has provided protection of the body against unwanted invasion, but in infants worms cause much more severe complications than in adults. This is due to the fact that the protective barrier in childhood has not yet been formed, the acidity of the stomach is small and not enough to destroy the parasites. In addition, toddlers of the world around them try to try everything by pulling various objects into their mouths and even tasting the earth. Therefore, worm infestations in children are very particular and may be accompanied by serious complications.
The process of development and growth of helminths in children is very different. Some species (dwarf tapeworm, roundworm, whipworm, pinworm and others) parasitize in the larval and adult form, without changing the so-called host. For bovine, and porcine tapeworms, echinococcus, and other helminths, the larval phase in one organism is characteristic, and the adult individual lives in another host. A more complex life path passes the tapeworm wide, changing over the course of the cycle of three masters. To keep their chosen organ (intestines, lungs, kidneys, liver, muscles, heart, and even in the brain or in the eyes), parasites have suckers, hooks, or peculiar teeth.
By consuming nutrients, tissue juices and blood, they deprive a person of the substances necessary for normal development. But this harm is incommensurable with much greater harm that the poisonous substances emitted in the process of parasitic activity and death cause to the children's organism. The photo of helminth infections in children presents the most common species. Video of worms in children shows the spread of parasites.
Babies with helminthic invasion have weakened immune defenses. Therefore, they are much more likely to suffer from various infectious diseases. In severe cases, worms can cause mental retardation, and even death. Infection with parasites can occur at the developmental stage of the fetus or immediately after birth. Any changes in the child's behavior that have signs of helminthic invasion require a medical examination.
Helminths in children
In general, to identify helminthic invasions is quite difficult. This is due to the peculiarities of their life cycle. For example, in the larval phase of nematodes, which lasts from two to six months, the eggs are not laid and therefore cannot be detected by laboratory analysis. Detect parasite eggs in feces is possible only during the period of maturity, and the interval between these stages can be up to 14 days. In general, the probability of detecting helminths in the laboratory ranges from zero to 20 percent.
The main worms in children include:
In addition, when trichocephalosis is infected, hemorrhagic colitis may develop, prolapse of the rectum. Trematodes that live in raw fish and crayfish contribute to the development of neurological disorders, hepatitis, pancreatitis, chronic cholecystocholangitis. The highest probability of infection with parasites in preschool children, and according to some estimates, it is one hundred percent. To explain how the worms look like in young children, create films for them about helminths. For a child, a video about worms is the most intelligible and understandable form of acquaintance with these parasites, explaining their danger and the need for preventive measures.
Among the main signs that signal a large number of worms in young children, which should cause concern to parents are:
- itching in the anus,
- loss of appetite, unreasonable weight loss with preserved diet,
- the sound of teeth squeak during sleep,
- increased saliva secretion at night when wet spots appear on the pillow.
In addition, the skin becomes pale, there are complaints of unmotivated pain in the umbilical region, disorders of the chair.
Why children have worms, quite extensively investigated in numerous works of pediatricians and infectious disease doctors. Finding out where the worms come from in children, first of all it is necessary to pay attention to the observance of the rules of personal hygiene, the sanitary condition of the room where the baby is. In general, it is not in vain that helminthiasis in children is called the disease of dirty hands. Touching infected objects with their hands, playing in the sand or contacting other people who are already sick, and taking food with dirty hands, the risk of developing children's helminthiasis increases significantly.
Another source from which children have worms is the use of unwashed vegetables and fruits, drinking water from open reservoirs. The source of children's worms can be pets or another family member who is infected with worms. In the presented photo, the worms in children appear as "bruises" under the eyes, rashes, the so-called "chicks" on the forearms and thighs, the lack of blush.
What are the worms in children?
The children's worms, which most often affect the growing organism at a young age, mainly include representatives of the species of roundworms - pinworms, roundworm, trichinella, whipworm. Flatworms (tapeworm, echinococcus, porcine or dwarf tapeworm) infect babies much less frequently, and children's diseases from parasites do not develop very often. The photo shows which parasites can be in juveniles and most of them are roundworms or pinworms.
In the first place in terms of prevalence among the names of worms in children, of course, there are pinworms. Representing small worms in children, ranging in size from three to six millimeters, pinworms are located, as a rule, in the lower part of the intestine. At night, during sleep, they crawl out of the anus and lay a huge number of eggs, reaching fifteen thousand a day. Small and light, they quickly spread through the air, settling on the surface of pastels, clothes, flooring, or toys. The strongest itch that accompanies the creeping of pinworms, causes the desire to scratch a sore spot. As a result, an inflammatory process may begin in the area of the anus. In girls, to pain, irritation from constant scratching and inflammation, diseases of the mucous lips of the genital lips are added.
In second place on the degree of the most common worms in children are roundworms. In adulthood, they can reach more than 20 centimeters and lay up to two hundred thousand eggs. Getting into the soil with the faeces of infected individuals, they release the larvae, able to survive without movement for several years and begin to multiply actively when they fall into a favorable environment. It is very difficult to detect roundworms in feces, because, being in the intestinal lumen, they are in a movement opposite to the movement of the digested masses. These children's worms in the photo look very unpleasant. Long, with pointed ends of a whitish color or translucent roundworms without antihelminthic therapy, can live for several years.
According to Komarovsky, helminthiasis caused by these parasites is among the most dangerous, contributing to the development of serious diseases. In the children's body, as seen in the video about parasites in babies, ascaris eggs enter the intestines, where the larvae come out of them. In the future, these larvae with blood or lymph flows through the body, getting into the lungs. Here they mature and then they penetrate through the bronchioles into the pharynx. From the mouth, the helminths are already moving to a permanent habitat, to the intestines. Large sizes of ascaris can cause intestinal blockage, asphyxia, and severe allergies. In addition, penetrating into different organs, they can cause diseases that require long-term treatment and often these diseases become chronic.
In the photo, the helminths of the little ones, called lamblia, look completely harmless. However, these tiny microorganisms, penetrating into the small intestine, gallbladder or duodenum, cause inflammation of the intestinal mucosa and cholecystitis. Infection with parasites occurs from cats or in contact with patients with giardiasis. As the worms look like in children, the photo above is very clearly demonstrating their features.
Dr. Komarovsky about worms in children
Very thoroughly and clearly known doctor Komarovsky explained about the worms in specially made videos. A very important issue for the timely detection of the type of infection of parasites, in order to choose the correct method of treatment, is their diagnosis. Using traditional methods to determine the presence of worms, Komarovsky considers it inappropriate, since it is impossible to reliably determine the type of parasite. The best to determine the presence of worms in a child, Dr. Komarovsky considers to see them in a pot, and then, based on the color of the worms in a small child, to conduct appropriate research. This method allows to obtain reliable results. Speaking of worms in children, Komarovsky identifies three main types of infections:
- Transmitted from person to person.
- Biohelmints that are contained in insufficiently processed meat or fish.
- Worms that are transmitted through the dirty hands of a toddler who has rummaged in the ground, infected with helminth eggs.
Komarovsky's video about child worms on prevention measures illustrates what happens if you do not follow these or other measures. Talking about worms, a video of Dr. Komarovsky warns of the danger of self-treatment. Helminths in children Komarovsky believes should be destroyed only under medical supervision and on the basis of research. Dr. Komarovsky’s video on parasites in children is advised in setting the type of helminthic invasion, treatment with modern drugs. The fact is that each medicine has its own specific range of effects, which allows effectively destroying small parasites. Using the advice of traditional medicine, without reliable data on how children's parasites look, in fact, you can only exacerbate the situation.
Folk remedies, as shown in the video about the helminths of Dr. Komarovsky, can only be used as a prophylaxis, along with other methods, but not the main tool in therapy. As Komarovsky says in the helminth video, any sane parent should follow these techniques. Enough for this:
- Wash hands thoroughly before eating, after contact with an animal or coming from the street.
- Make sure the baby does not lick his fingers and bite his nails.
- Meat and fish should be well-done or steamed.
- When playing on the playground, do not allow the child to eat sand or lick the swing.
Dr. Komarovsky mentions the risk factors for infecting children with worms in the habit of gnawing at nails, sucking fingers, as well as a rare change of underwear and bed linen, their insufficient heat treatment.
In Dr. Komarovsky’s school about worms, Komarovsky’s videos about worms of various species are shown. In the cycle of interview about “pro-worms” of Komarovsky, there are 27-minute videos with the names:
- Children and animals.
- Giardia and Giardiasis.
- Are pinworms dangerous? Enterobiasis.
The problem of parasites in babies, Komarovsky is very well covered in the book "Child Health and the Common Sense of His Relatives."
Worms in children: dangerous symptoms and treatment
Helminth infection is one of the most common childhood diseases. According to official statistics alone, more than 20 million people, 80% of whom are children, are affected by helminthic invasions in Russia. Symptoms of the presence of worms in the body are not always pronounced. Рассмотрим, каковы главные признаки заражения гельминтами у детей, способы их лечения и профилактику.
Существует более 3 сотен видов глистов. Все они могут быть разделены на три группы:
- Нематоды (острицы, аскариды, власоглавы).
- Ленточные глисты (бычий цепень, свиной цепень).
- Черви-сосальщики – двуустка (кошачья, сибирская).
Чаще всего у детей встречаются глисты, принадлежащие к первой группе. Среди них:
- Roundworm - long worms with pointed ends. Color can be different: from pink to yellow. Adults parasitize in the small intestine. Ascarids breed at high speed, the female is able to lay up to 240 thousand eggs per day,
- Pinworms - belong to the worms of round shape and small size. Usually white or yellowish. Females lay eggs near the anus and in the perineum. Eggs become contagious after a few hours.
- Whipworms are roundworms with thin front ends with which they are able to pierce the intestinal wall. At the same time, the whipworms are saturated with its blood and poison the rest of the organs with their waste. Secretions are absorbed into the bloodstream and spread throughout the body.
Important! Sometimes parents do not even suspect that helminths have settled in the body of their child. In the chronic stage, the disease may be asymptomatic.
Experienced doctors claim that with careful examination, worms can be detected even in a seemingly healthy child.
How children get worms
The opinion that the infection with worms comes from inadequate child care will be fundamentally wrong. Cases of damage by helminths are not uncommon in the most prosperous and well-groomed children. The main source of infection is dirty hands. An active child learns about the world and spends a lot of time outside, in the garden, on the playground and in the sandbox. These are places of considerable accumulation of worms eggs. There are frequent infections from animals with which children love to play.
Unwashed fruits and vegetables - another danger. Especially you can not eat unwashed those that are in contact with the ground (for example, strawberries).
Important! Do not think that the fruit in the peel (bananas, tangerines, oranges) will be absolutely safe. Before eating, they should be washed no less carefully than other fruits.
You can become infected with worms by eating fresh cow or goat milk. If the animal was kept in conditions that do not meet hygienic standards, it is not surprising that parasites have settled in its milk. Another cause of worms can be meat and fish that have not been properly cooked.
Infections cannot be avoided if the child has not formed the habits of hygiene of the hands before eating and after the toilet. Bad habits biting nails, sucking fingers, biting the tip of a pen or pencil are not at all harmless, as it seems at first glance, since the hands of a child are not always clean enough. It is absolutely unacceptable to allow a child to stroke or take in the hands of street cats or dogs.
Common symptoms of worms in children
All symptoms of infection with worms can be divided into general and specific, which are characteristic of certain types of parasites. About the presence of general intoxication in the body of children can be judged by the common manifestations of the destruction of worms:
stool disorders (constipation, diarrhea),
- frequent dizziness, nausea, bad breath,
- drastic weight loss due to the fact that parasites absorb most of the nutrients from food,
- dermatological diseases (skin rash, papillomas, diathesis, brittle nails),
- disorders of the nervous system (capriciousness, tearfulness, poor sleep and chronic child fatigue),
- low hemoglobin
- immunity disorders, leading to frequent viral diseases,
- low resistance to respiratory diseases (sinusitis, nasal polyps, adenoids),
- allergic reactions.
Important! A signal about the presence of parasites can be a normal prophylactic vaccination. If it is accompanied by severe allergic reactions, a visit to the parasitologist is necessary!
Symptoms of pinworm damage
Caring parents want to know what the worms look like in the feces of a child. Usually pinworms in a pot or near the anus of a child can be seen only when the cases are neglected. As a rule, they are rarely seen with the naked eye. But the attentive mother will always pay attention to the following symptoms:
- itching anus,
- abdominal pain, especially in the navel,
- drooling, nausea,
- anxiety of a child who often wakes up or fidgets in a dream,
- gnashing of teeth during sleep (no exact medical evidence).
If the child is itching in the anus, especially at night, it leads to parasites on the skin of the hands, and later on the skin of the whole body. As a result, inflammatory diseases of the skin are possible. Combing the anus is also dangerous because it promotes reinfection with pinworms when the child, without washing his hands, takes food, toys, or pulls them into his mouth.
In young girls, the risk of pinworms in the external genitalia is increased, where females crawl out of the anus. Such infection is accompanied by urinary incontinence and strong discharge from the genitals. Lack of proper treatment can lead to a noticeable lag of the child in growth and physical development.
Symptoms of defeat ascaris and whipworms
Unlike pinworms, common in temperate climates, roundworms prefer warm and humid air. Suspected infection with ascaris occurs when a dry cough that is worse at night begins to torment a child in the absence of respiratory disease. This is due to the fact that parasites move throughout the body. Other symptoms include a rash on the body, fever, pale skin and dark circles under the eyes. In severe form of the disease may be inflammation of the gallbladder, nervous disorders, seizures.
Infection with whipworms is usually sluggish or asymptomatic, but there may be bloody diarrhea, anemia, and delayed physical development.
If an infant is suspected of infection, it is necessary to conduct a series of tests and research. Diagnostic methods will determine the type of parasites. The child must pass:
- analysis of feces on the eggs of worms with a break of several days,
- analysis for dysbacteriosis - establishes the difference between the index of E. coli from the norm,
- complete blood count to determine the level of iron in the body,
- scraping for pinworms.
Important! A single test for the presence of worms in the feces in many cases does not reveal parasites in the child’s body. Of great importance is the re-examination of fecal masses.
Since pinworms and roundworms quickly die outside the human body, it is recommended to take a stool test for the presence of helminths as soon as possible after a bowel movement. Scraping for the presence of pinworms should be carried out at least 1 time per year. It is compulsory when a child enters kindergarten, school or hospital.
In order to eliminate the risk of parasites entering other internal organs, ultrasound, endoscopic examinations, computed tomography are performed.
Features of the disease of worms in an infant
Usually, the infection with worms in children occurs after 1 year. This is a period of active knowledge of the world, when the kid likes to study the objects around him, trying them to "taste". However, cases of helminth infection are also found in infants. Such diseases are considered as a very serious problem, causing great harm to a still defenseless organism.
One of the main causes of the disease is helminth infection in the womb. If the expectant mother herself is a carrier of worms, their larvae during pregnancy can penetrate the fetus through the placenta. Infection can occur during the passage of the fetus through the birth canal of the mother. Thus, barely born, the baby is already a carrier of worms.
The risk of infection by worms in an infant increases when the baby begins to crawl. If there are pets in the house, the elementary rules of hygiene are not observed, it is easy for babies to collect all kinds of bacteria and parasites in their bodies.
Effective diagnosis in infancy is much more difficult than in a child of 1 year and older. Symptoms of helminthia in infants may be impaired bowel movements, inflammation around the anus and in the region of the labia of the girls, poor appetite and weight gain, irritability and anxiety of the child. Even in the case of a low probability of infection, you need to show the child to the doctor and do the necessary tests.
Traditional methods of treating worms
In most cases, the treatment of helminthiasis takes some time. The child should be taken to a pediatrician, parasitologist and pediatric gastroenterologist. Drug treatment takes place in three stages: the period of therapy, which allows to rid the body of toxins, a course of anthelmintic therapy and the subsequent cleansing and strengthening program.
Preparations from worms
Before using antiparasitic drugs, children are prescribed sorbents for general body cleansing and antihistamines to relieve inflammation and allergy manifestations. This is followed by the intake of anthelmintic drugs.
Important! Drugs from worms are toxic, so take them and comply with the necessary dosage can only be prescribed by a doctor! You can not take drugs of strong action in order to prevent!
When prescribing drugs, the age of the child, the severity of the disease, the risk of side effects must be taken into account.
Among the most well-known drugs from worms can be identified:
- Pyrantel Assign children after six months. Successfully fights ascarids and pinworms. Among the possible side effects: poor appetite, lethargy, rash on the skin.
- Albendazole. Apply only for the treatment of children older than 2 years. Assign with different types of worms. Side effects: digestive disorders, stomatitis, urticaria.
- Levamisole. Effective in the treatment of a child older than 3 years. Destroys parasites from a group of nematodes. Possible side effects: nausea, vomiting, disorders of the nervous system, malfunction of the liver and kidneys.
- Piperazine. The drug is a narrow action, prevents the activity of pinworms and ascaris, but is not able to destroy their eggs. It has a slight toxicity, so it can be recommended for infants.
- Vermox. One of the most common antiparasitic agents. It is effectively used not only for treatment, but also for the prevention of disease.
Drugs in the form of tablets can be prescribed for older children who are already able to swallow the pill. There are often cases when a child refuses to swallow a pill or spits it out. You can not chop or crush the pill. You can try to give it to your child while playing or with a meal. For infants and children of one year old, drugs in the form of a therapeutic suspension will be more suitable. The most famous means - Pirantel. Antiparasitic agents act according to the following scheme: the first method destroys adult worms, and the next one prevents the maturation and reproduction of the larvae.
Side effects usually indicate the death of the parasite under the action of the drug. To eliminate them, you can take activated carbon or Laktofiltrum. But this should be done no sooner than after 24 hours, otherwise the effect of the antihelminthic drug will be reduced. In some cases, can be prescribed comprehensive antihelminthic courses, which include several drugs. Antihelminthic drugs have a number of contraindications. They are not prescribed to children with malignant tumors, certain blood diseases and disorders of the liver.
To eliminate the severe itching in the anus, anesthetics are prescribed, which relieve the feeling of irritation and burning. Zinc oxide in combination with beeswax or glycerin reduces itching and creates a protective film in the anal area.
Important! Along with medication treatment, it is necessary to carry out a general house cleaning. To do this, you need to wash and carefully iron the bedding, to process the things and toys of the child, to destroy the cockroaches and bedbugs in the dwelling.
During treatment, special attention is paid to the diet. Recommended protein food, dairy products. For normal digestion and timely emptying of the intestine are useful products with a high content of fiber. It is better to exclude from the diet sweets and rich bakery products.
How to get worms at home
People's experience is represented by a variety of recipes that allow you to bring worms at home. Treatment of folk remedies helps not only to get rid of worms, but also have a beneficial effect on the functioning of the organs of the child. Consider the most effective means of traditional medicine.
With the help of an enema, it is possible to expel the decay products of helminths from the intestines, which after their death continue to infect the child’s body. In water for an enema, it is recommended to add a few cloves of garlic and a teaspoon of salt. This aqueous solution is better absorbed in the intestines. Before the procedure, the mixture is boiled and cooled to 36 degrees. Enemas with garlic water will suit even the smallest children. During the garlic enema, there is a risk of helminths moving through the intestines. To avoid this, before setting the enema recommend drinking plenty of water.
To expel the worms, you can add garlic to the hot milk, pour the mixture into the pot and sit the baby on it. Worms crawl out under the influence of garlic fumes. When carrying out such a procedure, care should be taken not to burn the skin of the child.
Tansy has gained a reputation as an excellent remedy for the fight against pinworms and ascaris thanks to its essential toxic oils. They are successfully used to expel parasites from the human body. That's just for successful treatment requires a large dose, which is designed for adults. The question whether tansy can be given to children as an antihelminthic cannot be given an unequivocal answer. The remedy has a rather long list of side effects: nausea, vomiting, high blood pressure, seizures.
Important! A decoction of tansy can be prescribed only to a child not younger than 10 years old, whose weight is not less than 30 kg. Preschool children to take tansy from worms is dangerous.
This simple tool was known for a long time and was used by our ancestors. Pumpkin seeds, so loved by many, act as an excellent remedy for parasites. Instead of seeds, you can give pumpkin oil, which is sold in pharmacies. It is taken half an hour before meals. Small children, who still have a poor ability to eat seeds, can make pumpkin broth. To do this, the seeds are crushed, poured boiling water and kept on a water bath. The resulting liquid is infused for 24 hours and is drunk after straining.
The crushed onion is poured with boiling water and infused for 12 hours. This infusion is drunk for several days. Onions and garlic are good for regular consumption.
The most popular in the treatment of worms is carrot juice. He must certainly be freshly squeezed. Useful juices from beet, pomegranate, cabbage, dogrose infusions. However, you need to understand that some juices to get rid of worms is impossible. Therefore, the use of juice on an empty stomach is considered as part of a complex therapy directed against worms.
Natural vegetable oils
Antiparasitic effect have hemp, flaxseed, cedar oil. They are quite safe for kids. You can moisten a piece of cotton wool in oil and apply it overnight to the anus of a child. This action destroys the pinworm eggs, which the female lays while the baby is sleeping.
Dr. Komarovsky about the treatment of worms (video)
In his television speeches, the famous doctor Komarovsky notes that success in treating worms is possible only with the help of modern medical preparations. Komarovsky strongly advises parents not to self-medicate and contact specialists in a timely manner.
It is important to determine which type of worms attacked the baby and which of the drugs will have the most effective effect on him. From folk remedies, a famous doctor advises pumpkin seeds, recommending a dose of 300 grams at a time. But the gnashing of teeth in a dream as a sign of a worm infestation Komarovsky considers leisurely fiction.
Pinworms in children, children's enterobiosis
Pinworms are widespread roundworms, parasitic in humans. This worm infestation causes enterobiosis. And the main "objects" of the disease are children 2-7 years old. According to medical statistics, about 75% of preschool children become infected with pinworms with regularly and 100% of children have enterobiasis at least once in their lifetime.
The prevalence of the disease is expressed by the fact that its symptoms do not always have a vivid expression. At the same time, the protective functions of a child’s body are not sufficiently developed, children learn the world, trying it “to the teeth”, willingly contact not only their peers, but also representatives of the animal world. All these factors make it possible to attribute young children to the risk group for the incidence of enterobiasis, since helminthiasis of this type is very easily transmitted.
Causes of pinworms in children and their transmission
Infection occurs after the eggs enter the gastrointestinal tract, and from there to the large intestine, where they develop to an adult state. Пути заражения носят контактно-бытовой характер.
Самка острицы в ночное время суток выползает из кишки и откладывает вокруг анального отверстия яйца. При этом гельминт выделяет специфическую жидкость, которая, попадая на кожу, вызывает сильный зуд. The child combs the place of irritation, spreading the eggs to bedclothes, bedding. Pinworm eggs remain on the hands themselves, under the nails. The subsequent mechanism of infection of others and self-infection is simple - eggs from dirty hands fall:
- on all the items that kids touch,
- in the arms of the mother who makes the bed,
- on a cup of water from which he drank at night.
Clothes, toys, household items - everything becomes a source of infection. A pet, a cat or a dog, carries on the wool of pinworm eggs, which outside the human body can survive for more than 20 days. Of those eggs that have entered the body, the larvae develop within a few days, and within 3-4 weeks the worms become adults and are capable of reproduction. This cycle of development have pinworms.
"Vicious circle" can be broken if you treat the entire group of people in contact. Against the background of drug therapy, it is necessary to regularly carry out a thorough cleaning of housing, daily change of underwear and bed linen. But this will not save the baby from enterobiosis, if he is not accustomed to abide by the rules of personal hygiene, does not master the culture of food and does not learn the technique of communicating with animals.
Diagnosis of enterobiasis in children
Despite the absence in many cases of helminthiasis of its manifestations, pinworms in children can be suspected on the following grounds:
- restless sleep
- anal itching
- pain in the umbilical region,
- morning sickness
- change of activity
- fast fatiguability,
- allergic skin manifestations
- upset stool.
If children have at least 2-3 symptoms, there is a reason to contact a pediatrician who must send a small patient to take tests. The most effective diagnostic technique capable of detecting pinworms in children is scraping for enterobiasis. Smear taken from the anus (from the ass). The analysis is done in the morning, until the child is undermined and the intestines are empty. Since female pinworms do not lay eggs every day, studies of smears taken three times during the week will be reliable.
Stool analysis, effective in other types of invasion, with enterobiasis will not give results, since pinworm eggs are not in the intestine and its contents. With a large number of worms in the body, they can be seen in the patient's feces. What do pinworms look like? The photo shows that the body of an adult worm is up to 10 mm. They look like white worms with sharp ends.
Scraping for analysis can be taken even at home. Adhesive tape can be used, which is applied with a sticky side to the anus and then glued to the glass. The second option is to use a cotton swab. She spend on the anus and placed in a sterile tube. The photo shows how to collect scraping in children with adhesive tape. You can also watch a video of a swab fence.
Important: The material obtained for research must be delivered no later than two hours to the laboratory.
What if children have pinworms?
If you find worms, of course, they need to be treated! Therapy should be prompt, as enterobiosis is dangerous because of its complications. Even in the acute and precarious stage, the patient's body is poisoned by toxic products of pinworms. And in a neglected or chronic form, the consequences of the disease can be more than serious:
- Children's enterobiosis is often accompanied by a delay in physical and psychological-emotional development.
- In girls, pinworms can crawl into the urethra, causing irritation and incontinence.
- Pinworms can penetrate the genitals, causing vulvitis or vaginitis in girls.
- If the worms move up the fallopian tubes, the girl may be diagnosed with oophoritis or salpingitis.
- Prolonged invasion can cause dermatitis or eczema caused by the body's response to pinworm antigens.
- When enterobiasis is often observed anemia, triggered by a lack of hemoglobin in the blood.
- A large accumulation of pinworms in the cecum can cause inflammation of the appendix.
- When pinworms penetrate the abdominal wall into the abdominal cavity, the risk of peritonitis is high.
- In boys, pinworms often penetrate the foreskin, causing itching and, as a result, pathogenic processes.
- Children's enterobiasis is dangerous because the baby will constantly comb the anus and genitals, which can lead to sexual disorders in adulthood.
How to treat enterobiosis in children?
In infants pinworms can appear from the mother. Infection can occur, both in the womb and during childbirth, in the first days of life. The famous pediatrician - Dr. Komarovsky - categorically does not recommend de-worming the infant itself. Treatment of pinworms in babies at home will not lead to anything good. Only in laboratory conditions can we check the scraping of the baby for the presence of pinworm eggs, after which the pediatrician develops a treatment regimen. For a newborn or one month old infant, the dose of the anthelmintic drug must be carefully selected, taking into account numerous factors (weight, type of feeding, developmental features). Otherwise, the treatment of the infant may result in intoxication of the infant with a poisonous preparation and malfunction of the internal organs.
In children 1-2 years of age, according to Dr. Komarovsky, the risk of infection with pinworms is especially great. The doctor says that at this age enterobiosis in children is not a case, but a regularity. Children are actively exploring the world around them, pulling everything in their mouths, but at the same time they absolutely cannot independently observe the rules of personal hygiene. One-year-old baby can not explain that you do not need to scratch your ass, and if you scratched, you should wash your hands. The pediatrician dedicated the whole program of his cycle “Doctor Komarovsky’s School” to the topic of enterobiosis, which tells in detail how and why children can become infected, and what to do if they have pinworms.
What causes pinworms for children over three years old and teenagers who already understand the requirements of their parents and are quite able to comply with them? It would seem, it is enough to tell the child that this can not be done, and then - it is possible, and the parent can be calm for the health of the daughter or son. But in children over 3 years old, pinworms are often detected.
There are several reasons. If a child or teenager is not accustomed from childhood to the rules of personal hygiene, the risk of infection is high at any age. Moreover, in his program, Dr. Komarovsky voiced that, according to the latest research, pinworm egg carriers can be domesticated cockroaches. Brisk and ubiquitous insects can carry "contagion" over long distances. Therefore, the risk of infecting children at any age is very high. Why children? In adults, protection of the body against worms is already formed, therefore they are less likely to become infected with pinworms.
How to treat enterobiosis in children with medicines?
Pinworms, like many other parasites, are expelled by anthelmintic drugs. Today, the therapeutic market offers them in large quantities. The photo shows the most common drugs against pinworms for children, which are available in various forms, including suspensions and syrups.
Popular products are Worm and Vermox. Against the background of treatment, parents should monitor the patient's hygiene, ensure regular change of clothes, clean drinking water. When pinworms are shown repeated medication 14 days after the first, as the drug has a detrimental effect only on adult pinworms. In two weeks the larvae in the body become adults, so therapy should be repeated.
How to quickly get rid of pinworms in children?
The effectiveness of the treatment of enterobiasis depends on the characteristics of the organism and the complex of events held. On the eve of the medication is recommended to exclude from the diet of the sick products with a fixing effect. Dinner should be a fruit and vegetable. The next morning, the little patient is given the drug at a dosage determined by the doctor. In the evening, he should take a laxative for the speedy cleansing of the intestines from parasites. After expelling worms, it is imperative that efforts be made to restore the intestinal microflora of a small patient. Recommended probiotics, fruits and vegetables, dairy products.
To prevent re-infection or self-infection, you should monitor the hygiene of children. Lingerie should fit snugly to the body, nails should be cut short. After the toilet and every morning, the child should be washed with soap and water. Make sure that your daughter or son does not bite his nails, do not lick his fingers and toys. Wet cleaning of a child’s room should be done daily, as should bed linen. Clothes, especially panties, should be ironed with a hot iron on both sides.
Home remedies against pinworms in children
Leading pediatricians of the country do not recommend to be limited solely to domestic methods of combating helminths. Folk remedies can be used as concomitant therapy for medical treatment.
You can include in the diet pumpkin seeds that paralyze worms. Onions and garlic are unacceptable products for pinworms, but with their reception should be careful, because the children's stomach and intestines can not withstand their aggressive effects. Tincture of tansy or wormwood is safer, but because of the bitter taste, it is difficult to persuade the child to drink the remedy.
Milky garlic enema can be used to treat newborns and infants, but only after consulting a pediatrician.
Do not self-treat enterobiosis in children. You should not be ashamed of this disease, since no child is immune from it. At the first signs of pinworms, consult a doctor, undergo a course of treatment and be healthy!