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Discharge from the mammary glands in pregnant women

  • Diseases of the mammary glands, accompanied by nipple discharge

To discharge from the mammary glands include any liquid, except breast milk, released from one or both nipples. Discharge can manifest itself or occur when pressing on the chest (decanting). They can also vary considerably in color (milky, greenish, brown, bloody) and texture (thick, liquid).

InformationExcretions from the mammary glands during pregnancy may be a physiological condition. (release of colostrum) or requiring treatment. At the first signs of the appearance of discharge, inform the doctor, who is observing the pregnancy, and, if necessary, consult with the doctor-mammologist.

Colostrum during pregnancy

From the first days after conception, under the influence of female sex hormones (estrogens and progesterone) and human chorionic gonadotropin, a number of changes occur in the mammary glands. Such changes include the production and release of colostrum.

- This is the first maternal "milk". It is a yellowish liquid, thick, having a salty taste and peculiar smell. Compared with milk, colostrum is more caloric, contains more protein, fat, minerals and vitamins. Also, colostrum contains a large number of immune bodies and antitoxins that will protect the body of the newborn from exposure to pathogenic bacteria.

Colostrum production can begin at any time during pregnancy, but more often after 18–20 weeks. In some women, colostrum appears only after childbirth.

Recommendations for the care of mammary glands when colostrum appears:

  1. . Breasts should be washed with warm or cool water twice a day, or at least wiped with a damp towel. Soap should not be used in this area to avoid overdrying of the skin,
  2. The use of special pads for bra. In no case can you use for this purpose wipes made of coarse cloth,
  3. It is strictly forbidden to injure the chest and decant the colostrum.

Breast discharge during pregnancy

At about the 16th week of pregnancy, many women begin to notice small discharges from their breasts. Color of secretions and their volume may be different. In this article we will try to talk about which secretions are the physiological norm during pregnancy, and which require a visit to the doctor. In addition, we will give a few recommendations on how to monitor the breast during pregnancy.

Natural discharge from the breast of a pregnant

From the very beginning and until the end of pregnancy, the woman's body undergoes a lot of changes, in particular this can be seen on the example of the breast - the mammary glands become very sensitive, increase in size, the areola of the nipples darkens and sometimes becomes covered with "bumps", the nipples themselves increase in size. Around the 16th week of the chest discharge begins to appear. Transparent discharge from the breast is considered the physiological norm for any woman, not only pregnant. The fact is that inside the glandular tissue there are milky ducts, within which a small amount of fluid is released throughout life in order to prevent sticking and clogging of these ducts. During pregnancy, amid hormonal changes, the amount of this fluid increases.

Discharge from the breast in early pregnancy is also possible for several reasons - any stimulation of the nipples, whether it is the effects of a shower or massage, a little excitement and stress.

In the second half of pregnancy, colostrum may appear - a small discharge of white or yellow color. The release of colostrum from the breast means that the uterus is preparing for the upcoming birth - small “training” contractions, which, as a rule, do not bother a woman much, provoke colostrum release.

Yellow and white discharge from the chest in a small amount, as well as transparent, are the physiological norm, and you should not worry about it. If you feel a slight itch on the skin, you should not worry too much - it is just stretching the skin from the expanding mammary glands. To alleviate the condition and prevent stretch marks, moisturize the skin throughout pregnancy.

Pathological discharge from the breast during pregnancy

Unfortunately, not always discharge from the chest is the norm. Sometimes they can talk about health problems that require medical intervention.

Below is a list of symptoms that should be a reason for going to the doctor:

  • the release of fluid from only one breast,
  • spotting that does not go away for several days,
  • discharge, accompanied by fever, feeling unwell and aching chest pain,
  • discharge, accompanied by uneven breast growth (one more, the other less) and the appearance of unnatural mounds and cavities,
  • pronounced yellow color of discharge.

If you find at least one of the above symptoms, be sure to contact your obstetrician-gynecologist or mammologist.

Breast Hygiene

As the hormonal background changes in a pregnant woman and the breast grows, cracks may appear on the nipples and around them, which are open gates for infectious pathogens. Therefore, it is very important in this period to observe the hygiene of the mammary glands. In no case do not try to press on the nipples to look at the nature of the discharge, thus you can injure the skin.

Purchase special breast pads at the pharmacy and use them as needed. At the same time, remember that they should be changed every hour!

Do not leave traces of colostrum on your chest, as this is an ideal breeding ground for bacteria. Wipe the nipples gently with a wiping motion.

Try to wash your breasts in the shower twice a day, and do not use regular soap. Here is more suitable soap for intimate hygiene.

From the very beginning of pregnancy, get a special bra, which will not compress the mammary glands - there are no rigid elements in it, and it also holds the growing breast well, supports it and protects the skin from overstretching. In addition, in this bra is very comfortable to sleep, because the discharge from the chest actively appear at night.

Although pregnancy can be called one of the most important and happy periods in life, when a child is born, a woman experiences previously unknown sensations, and, unfortunately, is not always pleasant. The future mother is sometimes in despair, first faced with a new symptom. It is about the appearance of discharge from the breast during pregnancy.

We hurry to reassure the best and caring future moms! A small amount of colostrum from the nipples during the period of gestation is quite normal, as is the absence of this feature. However, for some diseases, discharge from the breast during pregnancy may also appear, which requires urgent medical consultation. Why the mammary gland begins to perform its function ahead of time, and how to distinguish normal discharge from the nipples from the pathological?

What does colostrum look like?

Colostrum (first milk) is a clear, slightly sticky, light yellow liquid. It is precisely colostrum that is a particularly valuable product for a newborn, because it contains a huge amount of nutrients, as well as antibodies, which enhance the protective properties of the infant. In the world there is no product that could compete with colostrum, whose composition is unique and inimitable.

There were light discharge from the breast during pregnancy at 8 weeks. Is it worth worrying?

The first half of the gestational period is under the control of progesterone and estrogen, which are responsible for the preservation of pregnancy. Discharge from the chest in the first trimester is not particularly dangerous, as it may be due to hormonal changes in the body of a woman. However, in this case, it is still worth to be safe, as this symptom may indicate an increase in the tone of the uterus. With contractions of the uterus in the body of a woman, the level of oxytocin, a hormone, increases, which contributes to the opening of the ducts and the appearance of discharge from the breast during pregnancy.

Be sure to visit the doctor! Selection of colostrum or early gestation is one of the signs of threatened abortion.

During pregnancy, a liquid with blood droplets is excreted from the breast. Is it dangerous?

Spotting from the mammary glands is a common symptom during pregnancy. The fact is that during the period of gestation in a woman’s chest a small vessel can be squeezed and ruptured, as a result of which colostrum may contain a small amount of blood.

If bleeding from the chest lasts longer than 3–4 days, you should inform your doctor. This symptom may indicate the development of a tumor in the mammary gland, therefore it requires attention.

Pregnancy is coming to an end, but colostrum has not yet been released. What to do?

Calm down and prepare for the upcoming birth. The absence of discharge from the breast during pregnancy is a variant of the norm. And this absolutely does not mean that after childbirth problems will arise with breastfeeding, and milk will not be enough. It is easy to adjust lactation, you just need to feed the child not according to the schedule, but on demand, correctly applying it to the breast.

Do not try to squeeze colostrum out of your chest. Stimulation of the nipples during pregnancy leads to an increase in the level of oxytocin in the blood, which contributes to the reduction of the uterus.

In the absence of pregnancy, fluid is excreted from the breast. What does it mean?

Often, women complain of discharge from the nipples, while pregnancy is completely excluded. This is possible, both in normal conditions and in some diseases, primarily, hormonal disturbances.

Conditions in which discharge from the breast outside of pregnancy often occurs:

  • Massage and stimulation of the breast,
  • Sexual intercourse
  • Completion of lactation less than a year ago.

The appearance of nipple discharge in this case is a reason for consulting a doctor.

Breast excretion during pregnancy

Content:

  • Diseases of the mammary glands, accompanied by nipple discharge

To discharge from the mammary glands include any liquid, except breast milk, released from one or both nipples. Discharge can manifest itself or occur when pressing on the chest (decanting). They can also vary considerably in color (milky, greenish, brown, bloody) and texture (thick, liquid).

InformationExcretions from the mammary glands during pregnancy may be a physiological condition. (release of colostrum) or requiring treatment. At the first signs of the appearance of discharge, inform the doctor, who is observing the pregnancy, and, if necessary, consult with the doctor-mammologist.

Colostrum during pregnancy

From the first days after conception, under the influence of female sex hormones (estrogens and progesterone) and human chorionic gonadotropin, a number of changes occur in the mammary glands. Such changes include the production and release of colostrum.

- This is the first maternal "milk". It is a yellowish liquid, thick, having a salty taste and peculiar smell. Compared with milk, colostrum is more caloric, contains more protein, fat, minerals and vitamins. Also, colostrum contains a large number of immune bodies and antitoxins that will protect the body of the newborn from exposure to pathogenic bacteria.

Colostrum production can begin at any time during pregnancy, but more often after 18–20 weeks. In some women, colostrum appears only after childbirth.

Recommendations for the care of mammary glands when colostrum appears:

  1. . Breasts should be washed with warm or cool water twice a day, or at least wiped with a damp towel. Soap should not be used in this area to avoid overdrying of the skin,
  2. The use of special pads for bra. In no case can you use for this purpose wipes made of coarse cloth,
  3. It is strictly forbidden to injure the chest and decant the colostrum.

Diseases of the mammary glands, accompanied by nipple discharge

The main diseases include:

Breast discharge during pregnancy

At about the 16th week of pregnancy, many women begin to notice small discharges from their breasts. Color of secretions and their volume may be different. In this article we will try to talk about which secretions are the physiological norm during pregnancy, and which require a visit to the doctor. In addition, we will give a few recommendations on how to monitor the breast during pregnancy.

Natural discharge from the breast of a pregnant

From the very beginning and until the end of pregnancy, the woman's body undergoes a lot of changes, in particular this can be seen on the example of the breast - the mammary glands become very sensitive, increase in size, the areola of the nipples darkens and sometimes becomes covered with "bumps", the nipples themselves increase in size. Around the 16th week of the chest discharge begins to appear. Transparent discharge from the breast is considered the physiological norm for any woman, not only pregnant. The fact is that inside the glandular tissue there are milky ducts, within which a small amount of fluid is released throughout life in order to prevent sticking and clogging of these ducts. During pregnancy, amid hormonal changes, the amount of this fluid increases.

Discharge from the breast in early pregnancy is also possible for several reasons - any stimulation of the nipples, whether it is the effects of a shower or massage, a little excitement and stress.

In the second half of pregnancy, colostrum may appear - a small discharge of white or yellow color. The release of colostrum from the breast means that the uterus is preparing for the upcoming birth - small “training” contractions, which, as a rule, do not bother a woman much, provoke colostrum release.

Yellow and white discharge from the chest in a small amount, as well as transparent, are the physiological norm, and you should not worry about it. If you feel a slight itch on the skin, you should not worry too much - it is just stretching the skin from the expanding mammary glands. To alleviate the condition and prevent stretch marks, moisturize the skin throughout pregnancy.

Pathological discharge from the breast during pregnancy

Unfortunately, not always discharge from the chest is the norm. Sometimes they can talk about health problems that require medical intervention.

Below is a list of symptoms that should be a reason for going to the doctor:

  • the release of fluid from only one breast,
  • spotting that does not go away for several days,
  • discharge, accompanied by fever, feeling unwell and aching chest pain,
  • discharge, accompanied by uneven breast growth (one more, the other less) and the appearance of unnatural mounds and cavities,
  • pronounced yellow color of discharge.

If you find at least one of the above symptoms, be sure to contact your obstetrician-gynecologist or mammologist.

Breast Hygiene

As the hormonal background changes in a pregnant woman and the breast grows, cracks may appear on the nipples and around them, which are open gates for infectious pathogens. Therefore, it is very important in this period to observe the hygiene of the mammary glands. In no case do not try to press on the nipples to look at the nature of the discharge, thus you can injure the skin.

Purchase special breast pads at the pharmacy and use them as needed. At the same time, remember that they should be changed every hour!

Do not leave traces of colostrum on your chest, as this is an ideal breeding ground for bacteria. Wipe the nipples gently with a wiping motion.

Try to wash your breasts in the shower twice a day, and do not use regular soap. Here is more suitable soap for intimate hygiene.

From the very beginning of pregnancy, get a special bra, which will not compress the mammary glands - there are no rigid elements in it, and it also holds the growing breast well, supports it and protects the skin from overstretching. In addition, in this bra is very comfortable to sleep, because the discharge from the chest actively appear at night.

Although pregnancy can be called one of the most important and happy periods in life, when a child is born, a woman experiences previously unknown sensations, and, unfortunately, is not always pleasant. The future mother is sometimes in despair, first faced with a new symptom. It is about the appearance of discharge from the breast during pregnancy.

Спешим успокоить самых лучших и заботливых будущих мамочек! Небольшое количество молозива из сосков в период гестации – вполне нормальное явление, как и отсутствие сего признака. However, for some diseases, discharge from the breast during pregnancy may also appear, which requires urgent medical consultation. Why the mammary gland begins to perform its function ahead of time, and how to distinguish normal discharge from the nipples from the pathological?

Discharge from the breast during pregnancy. Question answer.

Yes, it is absolutely normal when it comes to the allocation of a small amount of fluid from the breast during pregnancy. This feature has a completely logical explanation, because with a developing pregnancy, the amount of hormones in the blood increases, including prolactin, which is responsible for preparing the mammary glands for the upcoming lactation. Previously, the "sleeping" milk ducts become active, their number significantly increases. Along with this, the mammary glands are usually “poured”, their sensitivity increases, and the halos and nipples darken.

What does colostrum look like?

Colostrum (first milk) is a clear, slightly sticky, light yellow liquid. It is precisely colostrum that is a particularly valuable product for a newborn, because it contains a huge amount of nutrients, as well as antibodies, which enhance the protective properties of the infant. In the world there is no product that could compete with colostrum, whose composition is unique and inimitable.

There were light discharge from the breast during pregnancy at 8 weeks. Is it worth worrying?

The first half of the gestational period is under the control of progesterone and estrogen, which are responsible for the preservation of pregnancy. Discharge from the chest in the first trimester is not particularly dangerous, as it may be due to hormonal changes in the body of a woman. However, in this case, it is still worth to be safe, as this symptom may indicate an increase in the tone of the uterus. With contractions of the uterus in the body of a woman, the level of oxytocin, a hormone, increases, which contributes to the opening of the ducts and the appearance of discharge from the breast during pregnancy.

Be sure to visit the doctor! Selection of colostrum or early gestation is one of the signs of threatened abortion.

When to expect the appearance of discharge from the breast during pregnancy?

Most often, the release of colostrum from the nipples is observed after the 18th week of pregnancy, which is caused by an increase in the level of prolactin in the mother’s blood.

During pregnancy, a liquid with blood droplets is excreted from the breast. Is it dangerous?

Spotting from the mammary glands is a common symptom during pregnancy. The fact is that during the period of gestation in a woman’s chest, a small vessel can be squeezed and ruptured, as a result of which colostrum may contain a small amount of blood.

If bleeding from the chest lasts longer than 3–4 days, you should inform your doctor. This symptom may indicate the development of a tumor in the mammary gland, therefore it requires attention.

Pregnancy is coming to an end, but colostrum has not yet been released. What to do?

Calm down and prepare for the upcoming birth. The absence of discharge from the breast during pregnancy is a variant of the norm. And this absolutely does not mean that after childbirth problems will arise with breastfeeding, and milk will not be enough. It is easy to adjust lactation, you just need to feed the child not according to the schedule, but on demand, correctly applying it to the breast.

Do not try to squeeze colostrum out of your chest. Stimulation of the nipples during pregnancy leads to an increase in the level of oxytocin in the blood, which contributes to the reduction of the uterus.

In the absence of pregnancy, fluid is excreted from the breast. What does it mean?

Often, women complain of discharge from the nipples, while pregnancy is completely excluded. This is possible, both in normal conditions and in some diseases, primarily, hormonal disturbances.

Conditions in which discharge from the breast outside of pregnancy often occurs:

  • Massage and stimulation of the breast,
  • Sexual intercourse
  • Completion of lactation less than a year ago.

The appearance of nipple discharge in this case is a reason for consulting a doctor.

Discharge from the breast during pregnancy. When should guard?

  • With the release of fluid from just one nipple,
  • With the appearance of discomfort and pain in the chest,
  • When bleeding from the chest for more than a week,
  • When the body temperature rises, which is accompanied by a sharp pain in one of the mammary glands,
  • With the release of a yellow or gray-green liquid from the breast during pregnancy,
  • If one breast is significantly larger than the other,
  • With the appearance of seals or bumps in the chest.

Discharge from the breast during pregnancy - another sign that brings a woman closer to the time of onset of labor. When colostrum appears, you should not worry too much, but it is better to inform your doctor about this to make sure there is no pathology.

Breast excretion during pregnancy

Changes in the breast begin to occur from the first days of pregnancy. This is one of its early signs. Very often, the breast becomes painful and hypersensitive, it noticeably increases in size, the nipples and areolas can change color to a darker one, and on the breast itself there is often a venous mesh. In addition to other symptoms relating specifically to the breast, the discharge from the teats of colostrum is also possible. This is considered quite natural.

Colostrum - the first maternal "milk". It is a yellowish liquid, watery in structure and sweet in taste. Initially, the colostrum is thick and yellow, but closer to the genera it thins and becomes discolored.

Colostrum production usually begins in the second trimester of pregnancy. But fluid from the chest can stand out before. This is especially common during massage or breast stimulation during sex. Someone does not occur at all like this throughout pregnancy. But after the birth of the baby colostrum will certainly be - do not worry. Everything is individual and is considered normal as the presence of discharge during the carrying of the child, and their absence.

But there are cases when a consultation with a mammologist will not be superfluous. In the sixth or seventh month of pregnancy, a woman may notice a watery discharge from the breast with bloody patches. It was during this period that the hormone prolactin, responsible for the future lactation, and the hormone oxytocin, which promotes the flow of milk into the ducts, are intensively produced in her body. This kind of discharge during this period is also considered normal, but it is better to be safe to avoid the occurrence of any diseases of the breast.

You should contact a specialist in such cases:

  • you are tormented by regular aching pains in the chest,
  • the chest increases unevenly: there are bumps or hollows visible on it,
  • discharge from nipples yellow or bloody.

But scratching the skin of the breast is not an alarming symptom: the glands expand, preparing for the production of milk, and stretching skin may itch. In this case, use creams against stretch marks.

If nothing bothers you and you do not observe anything disturbing with your breasts, then there is no cause for concern. However, you should be aware that it is not necessary to decant the secreted fluid from the breast. Also, be sure to observe breast hygiene (wash twice a day in the shower and dry nipples). And it is also necessary to wear a comfortable bra, not squeezing and not constraining the mammary glands.

In general, discharge from the mammary glands is quite a physiological phenomenon, which can be observed not only in pregnant women and even not only in women. Incredibly, such “anomalies” are also possible in men, moreover, even in newborn girls, fluid can be expelled from the nipples (due to the increased level of female hormones in the mother’s blood during pregnancy). What can we say about the future mom! So the main thing - do not worry once again. And in the case of something “suspicious”, just reinsure a visit to a specialist.

Especially forberemennost.net - Elena Kichak

Discharge from the mammary glands in pregnant women

Changes in the body of a pregnant woman occur already from the moment of conception, and even when the “interesting position” is not yet noticeable to others, the woman herself already feels that something unusual and new is happening to her. For example, from the first days of pregnancy, she may feel changes in the breast: she can become very sensitive and even painful, grow in size, a blue venous mesh often appears on it, and the nipples and areolas darken.

But the biggest news may be breast discharge during pregnancy, which are called colostrum, because it can happen literally from the first days of pregnancy. I would immediately like to reassure future moms: breast discharge in pregnant women is considered to be an absolutely natural phenomenon, as well as their absence. But first things first.

Excretion of colostrum from the mammary glands during pregnancy

What is colostrum and how does it look? It is a sweetish taste, yellowish, watery in structure. Usually it starts to stand out immediately after birth, but it may appear earlier - in the second trimester of pregnancy, most often from the 19th week.

First, the colostrum is yellow and thick, closer to the childbirth becomes discolored and becomes more liquid. Colostrum has a rather interesting chemical composition: it is even more caloric than the milk of a nursing mother, and contains substances such as fats, proteins, milk balls, specific colostrum bodies, vitamins A, E, C, B, minerals. Such milky discharge during pregnancy is not a cause for concern. They are triggered by the hormone prolactin, which is responsible for the release of milk.

Hormonal changes in the body of a pregnant woman are so violent that a prototype of milk - colostrum - begins to appear "in advance." Stimulate the production of colostrum can breast mass or active stimulation during sexual intercourse.

In the people there are many myths about the discharge from the mammary glands during pregnancy.

First, that colostrum is a harbinger of imminent labor. That is why many people start to panic when they notice yellowish droplets that stand out from the nipples in the second - the beginning of the third trimester of pregnancy! Doctors say that many future moms call them with a complaint about the appearance of colostrum and ask them to be hospitalized just in case. But these fears are not justified: by themselves, discharge from the breast during pregnancy is not a precursor of early childbirth.

Secondly, the appearance of colostrum is the first sign of pregnancy. Some women, wishing to find out if they are pregnant, press down on their nipples, trying to see if anything stands out or not. However, such pressure itself can cause the appearance of colostrum, and discharge from the breast can be not only in pregnant women: it happens in men and even in newborn girls, but all because of an increase in the level of prolactin in the body. And, by the way, pressing on the nipple, you can bring the infection through microcracks invisible to the eye.

Thirdly, if a woman has a lot of colostrum, then there will be a lot of milk. Accordingly, those women who have not had any discharges from their breasts over the entire period of pregnancy begin to worry that after giving birth they will have to feed the baby with purchased mixtures. In fact, there is no relationship between the amount of colostrum and the amount of milk.

Hygiene rules for breast discharge in pregnant women

It would be useful to talk about hygiene. Important right pick up a bra: with a frame hidden in cups, with good support and easily adjustable buckle, which fixes well, but in no case does not squeeze the chest. If you started breast discharge during pregnancy, it will be useful special inserts (sold in stores and pharmacies) or ordinary cotton pads (this is more convenient than putting cloth pieces, and even more hygienic, it’s easier to throw away the disc than to rub out rags each time). Even if the discharge is not too abundant, their entry into the laundry is undesirable, because warm colostrum is a good breeding ground for bacteria, which can lead, again, to infection in the chest. You also need to wash your dairy with warm water without soap several times a day - these simple rules of hygiene will help you to prevent many problems.

The most important thing - do not try to express milk during pregnancy. You may have heard that breastfeeding mothers with a small amount of breast milk are advised not to stop feeding the child, but rather to apply it to the breast as often as possible - nipple stimulation triggers the mechanism of production of breast milk. The same is the case with colostrum: if you express it, it will be not less, but more. Therefore - no intensive stimulation of the breast, because, in addition to an increase in the amount of secretions, it stimulates the release of oxytocin into the bloodstream, which stimulates the contraction of the smooth muscles of the uterus, and therefore can cause miscarriage (especially if you have a threat of miscarriage).

Do not be alarmed if you feel slight itching in the chest. There are two reasons for this: firstly, the colostrum is pushed through the ducts, and secondly, the breast itself grows, preparing for milk production, the skin stretches and begins to comb. Do not forget to use special creams from stretch marks, it will relieve you from the sensation of itching and prevent the appearance of ugly scars on the skin after childbirth. These creams, like any cosmetics during pregnancy, it is better to buy at the pharmacy.

What stands out from the breast during pregnancy?

Already in the early stages of pregnancy, the breasts are actively preparing for future lactation. In the process of preparation, tissues and ducts grow, which leads to growth, increase in volume and some pain sensations. Areola and nipple change size and color, become voluminous with a dark color.

As the mammary glands develop in the milky ducts, a liquid is produced that prevents adhesion and adhesion. As prolactin begins to be additionally produced by the placenta, the discharge from the mammary glands increases during pregnancy.

The color and consistency of the fluid that is released from the breast may differ at different dates of gestation. In the first three months, it is clear; from the second trimester, the liquid is already converted into colostrum, becoming thick, yellow, saturated with a large number of useful substances.

Before delivery from the nipples during stimulation or after exposure to a hot shower, colostrum may appear, a precursor of breast milk, which will appear in the first few days of feeding.

When to see a doctor

Sometimes, especially if you have a first pregnancy, breast discharge causes absolutely unnecessary fears. But there are cases when it is still worth the alert.

So, the reason for going to the doctor:

  • regular aching chest pain,
  • an uneven increase in the mammary glands, depressions and bumps on them,
  • yellow or bloody nipple discharge.

Do not be scared right away, for example, in the sixth or seventh month, many women notice that the colostrum became watery with bloody patches - such changes are triggered by hormones actively secreted during this period (prolactin responsible for the presence or absence of milk, and oxitacin responsible for its receipt in milk ducts). Such discharge from the breast during pregnancy is generally considered the norm, however, provided that you consult with your doctor and he will inform you that there is nothing to fear.

Report any changes that occur during pregnancy, including discharges from the breast, to your gynecologist. If he hesitates about something, he will refer you to a specialist mammologist, who after a thorough examination will tell you the reason for the appearance of uncharacteristic discharges.

Be prepared for the fact that he will ask you the following questions:

  • How long have you had a discharge?
  • What color are they?
  • stand out from one chest or from both?
  • appear with pressure or just like that?

You may need additional examination: blood test, breast ultrasound, mammogram, ductogram or MRI of the breast. Sometimes the fluid expelled from the chest is also examined. However, during pregnancy, it is rarely necessary to conduct such serious examinations, because the reason often lies in the restructuring of the body's hormonal background. But still, if you are alarmed by discharge from the breast during pregnancy, the consultation of the doctor is required to immediately exclude the possibility of any serious diseases of the mammary glands.

Normal flow

Some consider colostrum to be a sign of pregnancy, which is released from the nipples before birth. But it happens in the third trimester. By this time, pregnancy should already be established.

If discharge occurs, then it occurs at different dates of gestation.

The nature of the secret secreted on the background of a calm pregnancy:

  • Transparent discharge from the nipples may appear in a pregnant woman due to the fact that the milk ducts are normally filled with a liquid that prevents adhesion. During this period, the volume of liquid increases, the excess goes outside.
  • White and yellow droplets are most likely colostrum. В норме, оно чаще всего начинает выделяться с седьмого месяца вынашивания и продолжает секретироваться примерно 35 дней после родов.
  • Иногда при беременности выделения из грудных желез прозрачные, с кровяными вкраплениями. They appear closer to 6-7 months and are a variant of the norm. It is associated with the hormones prolactin and oxytocin. Such phenomena should not last more than 3-4 days. If it lasts longer, it is better to inform the gynecologist about it in order to exclude pathology.

Pathological processes

In addition to physiological processes, in the period of childbearing there may be secretions associated with pathology.

Therefore, the appearance of any discharge from the breast, you need to inform the gynecologist.

What signs should alert the woman in the first place:

  1. Constant aching pains in the breasts.
  2. Uneven increase, asymmetry, bulging and deformation of one of the breasts or both.
  3. Highlight green, yellow, brown, offensive and bloody. Even scanty, scanty discharge with such properties requires examination by a doctor.
  4. Discharge against the background of pain in the abdomen and lower back, bloody, spotting vaginal discharge, may indicate the threat of interruption.
  5. Secretions are noted from only one breast.

A consultation with a mammologist and additional research may be needed, but any pathology detected early gives a better prognosis during treatment.

The hormonal background of a pregnant woman changes several times during one pregnancy. This can lead to benign tumors, cysts. Therefore, you should regularly feel the chest and report all changes to the doctor.

The appearance of purulent discharge from the nipples indicates the accession of the infection, this may indicate the development of an abscess or mastitis. In this case, we should expect a deterioration of the general condition, an increased temperature.

Squeezing the nipples during discharge is not recommended: a mechanical impact will lead to cracks and the possibility of infection.

Primary milk

Colostrum is a valuable product for a newborn baby. This secret of the mammary glands is inherent in all mammals, as a biological species. It has a peculiar smell, salty-sweet taste, yellow color and viscous consistency. The value of this product for a newborn is undeniable:

  1. Transitional product from intrauterine nutrition to breastfeeding.
  2. The composition is close to the blood, not to milk, which simplifies the transition.
  3. High energy, immunological value.
  4. Contains less fluid, so as not to overload the kidneys of the newborn.
  5. Laxative properties help the baby get rid of meconium, stimulating the intestines.
  6. Prevents physiological jaundice.
  7. Contains easily digestible proteins for the small child and antioxidants, mother's immune antibodies.

Nothing in the world can substitute for colostrum in terms of protection against infections. It contains antibodies to pathogens that the mother has had, and therefore the child is reliably covered from a number of diseases. No formula for artificial feeding such properties does not possess.

Before giving birth

Some women are alarmed when colostrum occurs during pregnancy. They care about which month of pregnancy the secret from the mammary glands appears in the norm, whether it is somehow a deviation.

During pregnancy, colostrum begins to form and stand out with the onset of the third trimester, is replaced by breast milk (first transitional, then mature) 30–40 days after delivery.

So the release of colostrum during pregnancy is considered a variant of the normal course of gestation. However, it is impossible to say exactly at what period of pregnancy the colostrum should begin to appear. This is individual for each woman, due to heredity, hormonal background and other factors.

In the early stages

Some women have colostrum after 4 months. But in some situations, it may appear much earlier. Colostrum in early pregnancy may begin to appear:

  • On the background of active sexuality and nipple stimulation.
  • During the massage.
  • When taking a shower.
  • When wearing uncomfortable, cramped underwear.

The most common cause is physical stimulation and hormones spurred by the reaction of the tissue of the mammary glands.

In women who have given birth earlier, breast excretions are more common during pregnancy. However, there are many who have no discharge up to the genera.

Personal hygiene

Colostrum is a good nutrient for infectious agents. Therefore, breast care during pregnancy should be paid close attention.

Personal hygiene during gestation is not discussed. When colostrum starts to stand out or when milk appears after delivery, breast hygiene requires special attention:

  1. The bra should have a comfortable shape, be made of natural materials. Hold, not squeeze the chest.
  2. Use disposable liners on the nipple area to absorb secretions. Change them as needed.
  3. Wash the mammary glands several times a day with warm water without soap or with a weak solution of potassium permanganate and wipe dry. It is advisable not to rub the skin and nipples, and promakivat dry towel.
  4. In the hot season and when in warm rooms, the milk ducts dilate and the discharge that appears can increase. More frequent change of liners is required.

When a secretion from the mammary glands appears, it is not necessary to express it, it can injure the nipple and stimulate the production of oxytocin, which leads to the threat of miscarriage.

Forced pumping before delivery, as with feeding, only stimulates the production of colostrum.

The appearance of fluid in pathology

Transparent and yellow discharge from the chest is considered normal. But, if, together with growth and increase, additional symptoms appear, this indicates the formation and development of the pathological process, there is a danger to the life of the mother and baby inside the womb. At the same time the following signs can be observed:

  • liquid from the nipples changed color (greenish, brown or mixed with blood),
  • discharge from only one breast,
  • swelling (solid rounded neoplasms) on palpation,
  • uneven growth
  • nagging pains in lower abdomen.
The main causes of such unnatural signs are infections and various inflammations in the tissues. Mechanical injuries that occur after a fall or shock are not excluded, which also poses a danger to future feeding. In addition, there is a risk of a tumor of various nature, which, under the influence of enhanced production of female hormones, began to increase.

Any deviation from the norm should be known to the doctor in order to begin timely treatment and at the same time not harm the developing fetus.

When does breast discharge begin during pregnancy?

Initially, in the first trimester, when discharge from the breast begins, the woman practically does not notice any changes due to the minimum amount of fluid. Already in the middle of pregnancy, the production of colostrum increases significantly, the appearance of stains on clothing characteristic of this period. The volume may vary depending on the individual characteristics of the woman.

The third trimester is caused by preparation for labor and lactation, so the breast becomes much larger, the milk can be released, both independently and when stimulated during sexual intercourse, in the bathroom or while drinking hot drinks.

The volume of fluid during the prenatal development of the baby does not affect the amount of colostrum during lactation. Milk will begin to be produced as soon as a newly born baby is attached to the breast, regardless of the size of the glands, and any slight deviation from normal values ​​is considered to be the physiological feature of the expectant mother.

Colostrum in pregnant women is normal.

We hasten to reassure you: the release of colostrum during pregnancy is absolutely normal, just like its absence. Usually it begins to be produced in the second trimester of pregnancy, even if it does not follow. Breast begins to prepare for the upcoming feeding of the newborn. At first, the colostrum is thick, yellow and sticky, and closer to the birth becomes more liquid and transparent.

In this case, you may feel some itching or tingling in the chest, even “movement”. This is also the norm: muscles push colostrum to the nipple.

Once again we want to note that if you do not have colostrum up to the birth itself, this is also normal. Isolation of colostrum before delivery is not at all necessary; it is one of the variants of a normal pregnancy. And if it does not stand out with you, do not think that your breast is “non-dairy” and that you will have little milk - this is not related to one another. Often, colostrum begins to stand out during delivery or immediately after it. It also does not matter how much colostrum is released during and after pregnancy - its amount is very individual for each woman.

There are also cases when colostrum is released even in early pregnancy. In this case, this may be one of its signs along with breast augmentation and swelling of the mammary glands.

Most often, colostrum during pregnancy can be released during massage, sexual stimulation of the breast, as a result of stress, in conditions of greatly increased air temperature, because of which the ducts expand.

What if colostrum is released?

If colostrum is leaking heavily, then you should definitely use disposable breast pads that need to be replaced in a timely manner: colostrum is an ideal breeding ground for bacteria. In this regard, do not forget to wash the chest with warm water (but without soap).

In no case can not push on the chest or even worse - decant the colostrum. Any stimulation of the breast entails the release of the hormone oxytocin, which causes contractile activity of the uterus. That is, as you understand, miscarriage may occur.

When colostrum is a dangerous precursor

However, the appearance of colostrum during pregnancy is not always so safe. Since it is excreted from the breast, and its stimulation is directly related to the state of the uterus (when the baby sucks the breast, the uterus contracts), the release of colostrum may signal a threatened abortion. If you are on conservation and, along with other signs of the threat of miscarriage (pulling pains in the lower abdomen and lower back, bloody discharge from the vagina), your chest swells dramatically and colostrum begins to flow - tell your doctor about it! And if you are not in hospital, you must be hospitalized.

Changes in the mammary glands during pregnancy

Already in the first weeks after conception, changes in the state of the mammary glands appear. The cause of change is the hormones progesterone and estrogen. Progesterone stimulates the development of glandular tissue, and estrogen is responsible for the state of the milk ducts. The strongest breast growth occurs at the end of the first trimester and immediately before birth. During an interesting position, this part of the female body may increase by 2–3 sizes.

Breast swelling is accompanied by increased sensitivity and even painful sensations. This phenomenon is not seen at all, some women do not feel any discomfort. Under the influence of hormones nipples and halo become dark, bulging.

Discharge from the mammary glands during pregnancy in most cases begins closer to the middle of the term, in some women it occurs only after childbirth. The appearance of colostrum (a sweetish aqueous liquid) is associated with hormonal changes. The hormone prolactin, which is responsible for lactation after the birth of a baby, is necessary for normal fetal development. Prolactin is involved in the development of surfactant - a substance necessary for the infant to breathe after birth.

Prolactin has analgesic properties that will affect delivery and feeding.

Sometimes a woman may notice the release of colostrum before menstruation, so we recommend that you study this issue in more detail.

The appearance of colostrum

The release of colostrum can begin in any trimester, it depends on the sensitivity of the mammary glands and the degree of preparation of the body for delivery. Colostrum usually appears at 32–33 weeks, the process may be accompanied by tingling sensations and slight itching. Color consistency varies from white to light yellow.

This invaluable and invaluable invaluable liquid has a very complex composition, it is high-calorie, rich in vitamins and performs the most important functions - provides the baby with a smooth transition from feeding through the placenta to breastfeeding, provides the baby with all the necessary substances that ensure the adaptation of the organism to new conditions of existence.

A few drops effectively quench the feeling of hunger, contribute to the soft and rapid removal of the original feces - meconium.

Colostrum reduces the level of bilirubin in the blood, it contains easily digestible proteins, vitamins and natural antioxidants. Influences the formation of the immunity of the child's body.

If you notice discharge from the nipple during pregnancy, it is important to follow the rules of personal hygiene:

  1. Wash the mammary glands with warm water several times a day.
  2. Get a special bra for women in an interesting position from natural material without stones. Correctly choose the size of the bra, it should not be cramped.
  3. Do not use soap when washing the nipples, so as not to overdry the skin and not to provoke the appearance of cracks. Lubricate your breasts with a nourishing cream. This will allow you to moisturize your skin and prevent stretch marks.
  4. Use a soft towel.
  5. If there is a lot of colostrum, get special gaskets.

Reason to consult a doctor

Excretion of colostrum from the breast in pregnant women is a natural process, indicating a full-fledged preparation of the body for the upcoming birth and further breastfeeding. Changing their color and consistency is a reason to consult a doctor.

  • discharge accompanied by chest pain
  • uneven breast enlargement,
  • bloody, greenish or bright yellow secretion,
  • liquid mixed with pus.

If necessary, the gynecologist will send you a consultation with a breast specialist, who will make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe treatment. This is necessary to exclude serious diseases of the mammary glands, although the most likely cause is a change in hormonal levels.

During pregnancy, the female body undergoes many changes. Most of them are completely natural. Do not be afraid of light or transparent, odorless discharge, try to get rid of them in any way. Seek advice from your doctor, follow his recommendations.

Causes of breast discharge during pregnancy

The mammary glands are physiologically endowed with the milky ducts, which are responsible for any fluid secretion. They work throughout life. For normal functioning, it is periodically required to get rid of the accumulated substances inside, which can happen even in the body of a non-pregnant woman. Read about the causes of breast discharge before menstruation by reference.

Transparent discharge from the breast in early pregnancy is considered a natural occurrence for this period. In some cases, they may even indicate the occurrence of such before you did the test. This process is directly related to the hormonal changes in the body. It affects the functioning of the mammary glands, which, before childbirth, must have time to prepare for lactation.

There are a number of factors affecting the production of fluid from the breast during pregnancy in the early stages.

  • Any physical impact. Often secretions are observed with pressure, massage or stimulation during sexual intercourse.
  • Hot water procedures (baths, showers), stimulation and hot drinks can also stimulate such a process.

Towards the middle of the period of childbearing, a non-transparent, yellowish liquid begins to stand out. It is called colostrum. This is evidence of the active preparation of the body to produce high-grade milk, which is stimulated by imperceptible contractions of the uterus.

Such processes in the second trimester and later should not be accompanied by strong painful sensations. In this case, it is considered normal if the skin of the breast itself begins to itch slightly. As a rule, this is the result of an increase in the mammary glands. The previous elasticity of the skin is not enough, which leads to the appearance of stretch marks. At this time, it is recommended to purchase special tools for breast care.

What you need to know about colostrum?

Opaque yellow discharge from the breast during pregnancy is called colostrum. This liquid has a sweetish taste and watery structure. In large quantities, it appears immediately after birth and is the first full-fledged food for the baby.

Colostrum has been released from about week 19. Getting closer to the cherished day, a woman begins to notice him more often. If you do not like this - do not worry. This is an individual process. The amount of fluid can be so small that not every woman will notice it at all.

Дополнительную информацию по этому поводу можно найти в нашей статье по ссылке. Она опишет более подробно о том, на каком сроке выделяется молозиво при беременности.

Secretions from the mammary glands during pregnancy first have a thick consistency, but closer to childbirth they become more liquid and white. Colostrum has a fairly large amount of nutrients, high calorie and balanced composition. The hormone prolactin, which later stimulates the production of breast milk, is responsible for its formation. The fluid released during gestation in this way prepares the body of the expectant mother for feeding.

Proper breast care during the discharge

If you have a discharge from the chest during pregnancy, you should think about some rules of care and hygiene.

First of all, you need to choose a comfortable underwear. The bra should be chosen in size, with good supporting properties and an adjustable buckle. Wearing this item of clothing should not cause discomfort. It is important for the normal functioning of the mammary glands.

In the case when the discharge during pregnancy from the mammary glands becomes more abundant, you should purchase special breast liners, which can now be found in any stores and pharmacies. Do not neglect their use, as the colostrum accumulated in the bra can create a favorable environment for the reproduction of bacteria, which may well cause infection of the milk ducts. Yes, and the flavor of sour milk, which will surely appear after some time, will not please anyone.

Perform toilet toilet at least twice a day. It is not necessary to use special gels, etc. for this. facilities. It will be enough just to rinse them with warm water or “rinse” with wet wipes for intimate hygiene. Ordinary flavored for these purposes is better not to use, in fact, like soap. These items dry the skin, and during this period the breasts should be moisturized to avoid the appearance of stretch marks.

Even when breast discharges from pregnant women become abundant, no need to try to pump them. Such manipulations have a stimulating effect and increase the production of milk. The body is so inherent that this process triggers frequent uterine contractions, which lead to an increased production of oxytocin, a hormone that stimulates the labor activity. This, in turn, can provoke premature labor or even a miscarriage.

Do not be alarmed if the discharge of fluid from the nipples causes you to have a slight tingling, burning sensation and other discomfort. Such phenomena are temporary and indicate the preparation of the thoracic ducts for the period of lactation. Just use any means to prevent the appearance of stretch marks. They tend to relieve irritation and eliminate skin itching.

Dangerous discharge from the chest

Discharge from the nipples are not always natural. Care should be taken when there are any uncharacteristic symptoms. As such, the following phenomena can be considered:

  • Thick discharge with an admixture of blood from one mammary gland is evidence of an inflammatory process or a benign tumor in one of the milk ducts. Diagnosis of the disease occurs by ultrasound, and treatment includes the removal of the inflamed duct,
  • Thick and sticky, greenish or brownish discharge is evidence of milk duct ectasia. The latter, with such a disease, have properties to expand and inflame. In this case, anti-inflammatory therapy, therapeutic compress and, in the case of infection, antibiotics are prescribed. With complications, an operation is performed,
  • Purulent discharge during pregnancy can be the result of injury to the breast or failure to follow the rules for caring for it. The method of treatment is selected by the doctor depending on the detected causes,
  • Intense yellow secretions from the mammary glands during pregnancy are often a symptom of mastopathy - a benign seal that can be caused by failures on a hormonal background. After childbirth, most often the disease goes away by itself, since hormones return to normal,
  • Fluid mixed with blood is one of the most dangerous signs that is usually caused by a rare Paget's disease or nipple cancer. The symptom is also accompanied by visual deformation of the shape of the nipple and halo. For the diagnosis of conduct a biopsy.

By themselves, discharge from the mammary glands is quite normal for the body of a pregnant woman. Therefore, it is better to take the substance released from the mammary gland as something natural and try to adapt to the new rules of hygiene. But the lack of discharge, in turn, is not considered a pathology. It is just that each person has an individual body structure and features of the functioning of individual systems.

It should be remembered that the fluid released from the nipples should not bring serious discomfort. Otherwise, we can talk about any pathological condition. In such cases, you need to inform your gynecologist about this in time. He will send you to a full examination.

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