Instructions for use of the drug Grammidin for children and adults - the composition, analogs and price
After conception, a woman’s immunity begins to fall. This is necessary so that the body does not reject the fruit, which for him is alien. As a result, the pregnancy persists. But the reverse side of this natural process is frequent colds, sore throats, infections that can seize the oral cavity. Especially if there is a damaged tooth.
But it is not only a disease that affects the mother's body, and therefore the condition of the fetus depending on it, which is dangerous. Negative effects can occur from the treatment itself. In particular, not all women know whether it is possible to take Grammidin during pregnancy. First, let's understand what it is.
The composition of the drug
Grammidin in pharmacies can be found in several different forms. So, doctors often recommend taking Grammydin NEO during pregnancy, because it has fewer components. This means that the risk of allergy to one of the ingredients is reduced. So, the main active ingredient is the antibiotic gramicidin C. As an additional, are ordinary and milk sugar, calcium stearate and methylcellulose.
There are other options. The preparation with anesthetic includes, in addition to the main active ingredient, also:
- lidocaine hydrochloride,
- calcium stearate,
- Eucalyptus oil,
It is a comprehensive tool that simultaneously kills pathogens, relieves pain and at the same time thanks to menthol and eucalyptus oil helps the body to cope with the inflammatory process. So Grammidin with anesthetic during pregnancy can significantly alleviate the condition. The main thing is to find out if it is safe.
And finally, there is still a version for the little ones. The main active component here, as you can guess, is similar. Also included is cetylpyridinium chloride, it is the second active substance. As for the subsidiary, in this role is magnesium stearate, talc, aspartame, flavors, sorbitol, aerosil 200 and citric acid. Tablets given a raspberry flavor. In general, baby Grammidin pregnant is safer to take an adult for obvious reasons. But there is one nuance.
As with the anesthetic variant, the pediatric version is richer in composition than Grammeidin NEO. There are more excipients here. Consequently, the number of components that may cause an allergic reaction increases. Therefore, it is worth choosing a specific option together with a doctor.
When does he help?
The tool is prescribed for pharyngitis, sore throat, tonsillitis, stomatitis, gingivitis and in general for various infectious diseases affecting the oral cavity. The drug kills pathogens, and if we are talking about the composition with the anesthetic, the drug also helps to cope with painful sensations quite well. Periodically, the expectant mother only after the start of treatment again has the opportunity to eat fully, because she no longer has a bad sore throat.
Question dosage and how to apply
Means are taken sublingually, that is, they dissolve, and do not drink. Otherwise, the beneficial effect for the body will not be. Note that the instruction on Grammidine during pregnancy and in general about the scheme for adults: 1-2 tablets up to 4 times a day after meals. If 2 tablets are absorbed in a row, then between them it is worth taking a half-hour break. After you can not drink and eat for 2-3 hours. The specifics here depend already on how much the patient will endure.
Such a wish is, of course, not a whim of the manufacturer. Simply discussed drug - mainly local action, and that he began to have an effect, its concentration in the mouth should be palpable. Food and liquid just wash away the composition. But dehydration is undesirable, so doctors often advise expectant mothers to make a kind of compromise: to suffer for about an hour, and then drink another hour carefully through a straw.
The dosage is worth discussing with your doctor.
Contraindications, side effects and overdose
Contraindications are mainly associated with individual intolerance to the components. As for side effects, they are reduced to the typical manifestations of allergies. And if you take an anesthetic composition, then the tongue for some time may partially lose sensitivity. But she quickly returns, for this you do not even need to specifically do anything. Cases of overdose science has not been studied.
Separately, it is worth noting that Grammidin interacts quite well with other drugs, it is periodically prescribed as part of complex therapy. But if the drug is used in conjunction with other antibiotics of a similar, that is, local action, then their effect can be summed up. And not only positive, but also negative. In addition, there is a risk of an autoimmune reaction or an excessive increase in immune status, which during pregnancy is not always positive. Therefore, while taking several products with a similar effect, it is better to consult with your doctor in advance.
Talk about risk
Of course, future mothers are interested in the question of risk. So, what is the danger of Grammidine during pregnancy in the first trimester? The fact is that during the first 3 months the child forms all the main organs. That is why doctors forbid taking all sufficiently serious drugs, especially antibiotics, for which there are no exact data on how they affect. For safety, it is best to abstain.
But what to do in cases where the drug was prescribed for various reasons? Not all patients carefully read the instructions. Sometimes there are also such situations “I didn’t know that I was pregnant and took Grammidin”. What to do in such cases? Get tested, screened and not worried.
As a rule, at the very beginning of carrying a child increases the risk of fetal death, and not the birth of a baby with anomalies. The fruit is so small that everything that affects it kills. Also do not forget that this is a means of local action. This means that the effect on the fetus is reduced compared with other antibiotics.
Grammidin on different terms
Still, with this tool is to exercise reasonable caution.
By itself, Grammidin during pregnancy in the early stages, for example, is completely contraindicated in the first 3 months. But in some cases, the doctor may resolve, if he decides that the risks from angina are much greater than the negative effects of taking the medicine. And take into account the term. What is quite clearly seen in the table.
First of all, it is worth telling about what this tool helps. This is an antibiotic, produced by lozenges. It helps in the treatment of inflammation of the oral cavity, pharynx (pharyngitis, stomatitis, tonsillitis, gingivitis, tonsillitis, periodontitis) of infectious and other nature, facilitates swallowing, helps against coughing. The composition of the drug Grammidin is always described in detail in the annotation and depends on the type of agent, but each of them contains gramicidin C. Types and differences in the components:
- Ordinary. 0.15 g of gramicidin C.
- Children's Grammydin with antiseptic. 0.15 main substance, 0.1 g cetylpyridinium chloride.
- Neo (red). 0.3 g gramicidin C, 0.1 g cetylpyridinium chloride.
- With anesthetic. 0.15 g gramicidin C, 1 g lidocaine hydrochloride.
- Neo + anesthetic (red). 0.3 g gramicidin C, 0.1 g cetylpyridinium chloride, 200 μg oxybuprocaine hydrochloride.
The main component is an antibiotic. It kills bacteria that cause inflammation and pain in the throat and mouth. Cetylpyridinium chloride infects fungi and other microorganisms. Lidocaine and oxybuprocaine anesthetize. In the composition there are other components that do not have a medicinal effect, but are used to give shape and a certain taste. Each type of capsule box has a different photo.
Grammidin during pregnancy
Women in an interesting position with particular care should be taken to the choice of drugs. It should immediately be noted that Grammidin during lactation is contraindicated categorically, because the substances immediately go into the milk. Pills with cetylpyridinium hydrochloride cannot be used in the 1st trimester. In the following terms, antibiotic use is possible if absolutely necessary. Simple and with anesthetic Grammidin pregnant women are allowed to take throughout the entire period, but if its necessity is justified. It should carefully weigh the risks.
Grammydin for children
In the list of contraindications age 3-4 years. Grammidin is allowed for children with anesthetic from three years old. The remaining types are allowed from 4 years. In the nursery, the dosage is the same as in the adult, so their presence in the line is an advertising move by the manufacturer to increase sales, as the reviews say. When giving crumbs Grammidin for sore throat, make sure that he dissolves lozenges, and not swallow them. Advice for kids:
- Ordinary tablets from the throat Grammidin are more suitable for the treatment of bacterial diseases, children - for viral, with anesthetic - have an effect with severe pain.
- Do not perform treatment for more than a week.
- Give the capsules after meals and forbid to eat and drink for an hour.
- If the baby needs two lozenges, give them one by one.
Instructions for use Grammeadin
- Child 4-12 years old. Based on the severity of the disease, one or two pieces four times a day is a method of resorption.
- Teens, adults. 2 capsules 4 times a day.
How to take Grammidin childrens:
- 4-12 years. 1 PC. 4 times a day.
- Teenagers. 2 lozenges 4 times a day.
Neo and Neo + anesthetic:
- Child 4-12 years old. The instructions spelled out the use of 1 pc. 1-2 times a day.
- Adults. 1 capsule 3-4 times per day for no longer than a week in a row.
Grammidine - instructions for use of the drug from the throat with anesthetic:
- A child is 3-12 years old. According to the instructions recommended use 1-2 pcs. 4 times a day.
- Adults. 2 lozenges four times a day. The general course is not more than a week for any age.
Composition and release form
There are two types of drugs: Grammidin Neo and "Neo with anesthetic." Do not look for the drug in solution or in capsules and do not believe those who offer to buy the drug in the form of a spray and ointment. Grammidin's only dosage form is pills.
Note that the medicine is available in the form of lozenges (so-called buccal tablets) and, in fact, acts locally, without entering the blood and not accumulating in the body.
Grammidin tablets are packaged in blisters and packaged in cardboard boxes that differ in color design. Packaging of the drug is made in the green color (normal) or red ("Neo with anesthetic").
Is grammidine an antibiotic?
The composition of this drug is an antibiotic - gramicidin. It refers to antibacterial drugs that inhibit most strains of pathogenic flora.
In particular, Grammidin's antibacterial component is highly active against staphylococci and streptococci, which most often cause infectious processes in the oral cavity.
These bacteria actively multiply in the laryngeal mucosa, cause sore throat, pain, swelling and cough. The antibacterial effect of the drug leads to their death, as a result of which the manifestations of the disease quickly disappear.
In high concentrations, the antibiotic that is part of Grammydin has a bactericidal effect (kills bacteria), and in small concentrations it has a bacteriostatic effect (prevents them from reproducing).
The same antibiotic is included in some other drugs used to treat a wide variety of diseases. However, these remedies do not cure throat and cough, and therefore should not be bought. In addition, the composition of the "analogues" Grammeadin does not include other important components of the drug.
In addition to the antibiotic, Grammidin contains an antiseptic with a different biochemical structure and mechanism of action - cetylperidinium chloride (this substance neutralizes gramicidin-resistant bacteria).
In addition, anesthetic substance of local action (oxybuprocaine hydrochloride) is added to Grammidin with anesthetic.
Thanks to this combination of active substances, both types of medicine not only quickly and completely eliminate the cause of the disease, but also contribute to a significant relief of the patient's condition immediately after the start of treatment: the throat stops hurting, swelling disappears, cough calms down.
Application and indications
The medicine Grammidin has a pronounced therapeutic effect in infections of the throat, gums and tongue.
Indications for appointment:
Grammeadin tablets have a pleasant mint flavor. However, this does not mean that the drug can be taken uncontrollably.
Before continuing reading: If you are looking for an effective method of getting rid of a cold, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, bronchitis or colds, be sure to check out this section of the site after reading this article. This information has helped so many people, we hope will help you too! So, now back to the article.
Restrictions and contraindications
Like any medicine that includes an antibiotic, Grammidin can cause allergic reactions, including those of the central type (urticaria, angioedema, allergic shock).
Therefore, there are a number of restrictions on its use and contraindications for use. First of all, this applies to children and pregnant women.
Use during pregnancy: why not?
Grammidine during pregnancy is not appointed due to the possible adverse effect of its components on the body of a woman and the fetus.
This medication also does not treat the throat during feeding. If the doctor strongly recommends that nursing mothers treat pharyngitis with Grammydin, for the duration of the course of therapy, breastfeeding should be stopped.
You need to understand that taking the drug during pregnancy or breastfeeding can provoke metabolic disorders, immunosuppression, allergization.
When will Grammidin not help, and when will it bring harm?
Sometimes the only reason for the patient's refusal of treatment with Grammidin pills is reviews. Having read the information on the forums in which the responses to the drug sometimes differ most drastically, a person suffering from chronic pharyngitis flatly refuses to take such ambiguous medicine.
Refuses completely in vain. And not at all because the reviews of Grammys do not correspond to the truth. And on the contrary, in most cases, reviews of the drug do not embellish or discredit, just each person talks about whether the medicine helped him. And here it all depends on the competence of the doctor who prescribed the pills, the type of disease and the ability to carefully read the instructions in the instructions.
So, Grammidin is contraindicated in allergies to gramicidin and should be used with great care if there are cases of allergies to other antibiotics in the history.
The same applies to the second bactericidal component of the drug - cetylperidinium chloride.
If, when Grammidine is prescribed, a doctor focuses only on the diagnosis (pharyngitis, stomatitis, etc.) and the patient's condition (red throat, laryngeal edema, hacking cough), but does not take into account allergostatus, then the reactions to the medication can be very dangerous, and benefits in this case it will be a little bit.
If, choosing Grammidin for the treatment of throat and cough, the price is the only thing that interests the patient, then it is not surprising that the result is also not always able to please.
For example, allergic stomatitis or gingivitis medicine Grammidin can not be cured. At best, you will not notice any reaction. At worst, the use of the drug will make the course of the disease worse.
Which is better: ordinary Grammydine Neo or Grammeidine with anesthetic?
The question is incorrect. Each medicine is intended to treat certain forms of the disease.
Let's take a closer look at when it is possible to completely get along with the usual Grammidin Neo, and when is it better to acquire Grammidin in a form that includes an anesthetic?
Grammidine with anesthetic according to the instructions shown in the case when the inflammatory processes in the oral cavity are accompanied by severe pain in the throat. This happens, above all, in case of sore throat and stomatitis, however, common pharyngitis can often cause not only coughing, but also severe pain.
However, it should immediately make a reservation: "Neo-anesthetic" instruction recommends only when the action of oxybuprocaine hydrochloride (painkiller) is not capable of harm. Therefore, the drug is not suitable for use in patients with individual intolerance to oxybuprocaine.
Least of all may affect the choice of Grammeadin price. True, different in composition Grammidin tablets price and is different, but only a few rubles. Поэтому ориентироваться нужно на показания и противопоказания к применению препарата, а не на цену и отзывы.
Remember: Grammidin with anesthetic reviews can not be recommended as a more powerful tool for the treatment of pharyngitis, tonsillitis and their ilk, because it is not.
Swollen throat and hacking cough also can not serve as a basis to prefer one drug to another.
But a sore throat is a symptom that may be an indication for the purpose of Grammidin with an anesthetic (reviews of patients using the drug are unambiguous: the painful sensations pass already at the time of resorption of the first pill).
In any case: to be guided when choosing a medicine is always and only on the advice of a doctor, as well as on the content of the instructions.
The average price of Grammidin tablets is from 145 to 170 rubles.
The article above and comments written by readers are for informational purposes only and do not call for self-treatment. Talk to a specialist about your own symptoms and illnesses. When treating with any medicinal product, you should always use the instructions in the package along with it, as well as the advice of your doctor, as the main guideline.
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It is also worth paying attention to other drugs for the throat:
Forms of release
The tool is available in several forms:
- Topical paste,
- Aqueous, fatty solutions, alcohol-based solutions,
There are three types of tablets:
- Grimmidin Neo,
- Grimmidine with anesthetic,
- Tablets for children.
The most common form of medication is pills.
Instructions for use
The most effective will be taking the drug immediately after a meal. These are lozenges. They should be kept in the mouth until the medicine is completely absorbed. You can not chew them. After taking the pills is not recommended to drink and eat for an hour or two hours.
The dosage of the drug depends on the severity of symptoms:
- Both forms of medication are taken 3-4 times a day, one tablet at the normal course of the disease,
- Both forms of medication can be taken 4 times a day, two tablets with a pronounced course of the disease. Moreover, the pill should be taken with a break of half an hour.
In the normal course of the disease, 10 tablets are taken to complete the course.
Take the drug during pregnancy with caution and only with the advice of a doctor, as it may harm the embryo.
In the event that after a week of use the medication did not have any effect, you should go to the hospital.
Contraindications and side effects
Contraindications to Grammidin are:
- Individual intolerance to the components
- Dermatitis is considered a contraindication for external use.
- First trimester of pregnancy
- Up to four years old
- Breastfeeding period (medicine can only be taken if the mother does not breastfeed the baby).
When carrying a child, the doctor develops a special treatment regimen with a reduced dosage and a reduced frequency of administration. If an increased dose of the drug has been used, an ultrasound scan and amniocentesis should be examined in order to identify possible harm to the fetus and decide on continuation of treatment.
Despite the fact that during pregnancy, the reception of funds is undesirable, much harm to the fetus will not be applied. The occurrence of problems is only possible with increasing dosage and drug abuse.
Among the side effects noted:
- Allergic reactions
- Reducing the sensitivity of the surface of the tongue (this effect goes away after a short time)
The advantage of the drug is that it acts locally. That is, its effect extends only to the oral region. The substance does not penetrate the gastrointestinal tract, and therefore there is no risk of systemic side effects.
There are no analogues of the drug with a similar composition and structure. However, a lot of drugs with similar effects:
It is worth noting that not all analogues can be used when carrying a child. Before use, you should view the contraindications, consult a doctor.
Grammidine is allowed to take when carrying a baby, but there are risks. If you are unsure, then it is worth replacing it with other means. However, the risk of negative effects is minimal. The substance is absorbed only in the oral cavity, and therefore the embryo is protected from negative influences. Pregnant women should reduce the dosage of funds and ensure that it was low and does not exceed the norm. You should also make sure that there is no intolerance to the components of the drug.
Composition and pharmacological action of Grammeadin
The active component of the drug, determining the therapeutic effect of the latter, is gramicidin C. This substance has an antimicrobial effect, therefore its presence is mandatory, regardless of the form of release of the drug. Thanks to him, the destruction of already existing bacteria occurs, the growth of new microbes is slowed down. If you have Grammidin neo or Grammidin in the form of a spray, in addition to gramicidin, the preparation will also contain an antiseptic component - cetylpyridinium chloride. Substance has anti-inflammatory effect. The resorption of Grammidin tablets contributes to the mechanical cleansing of the affected areas, because there is an increase in the work of the salivary glands. As a result, the painful surface is additionally wetted and softened. Grammidin product line includes medication not only with antimicrobial, but also with analgesic effect. We are talking about Grammidine, which includes gramicidin C and lidocaine hydrochloride. So Depending on the set of active ingredients, the drug has either:
- Only antibacterial effect.
- Antimicrobial action and antiseptic treatment.
- Antibacterial and anesthetic effects.
The drug is practically not absorbed into the systemic circulation. The drug is active against both gram-positive and gram-negative organisms (streptococci, staphylococci, anaerobic infection pathogens).
Grammeadin release form
The Grammidin series of the drug has several variants of the drug - in the form of tablets and in the form of a spray, mono action and complex treatment of the larynx.
- Grammidin during pregnancy. The classic version of the drug. Available in white pills for sucking. The content of gramicidin C in 1 tablet is 1.5 mg. Approved for use in childhood.
- Grammidine child during pregnancy has a lower concentration of active substances. The drug can be in the form of tablets (1.5 mg of gramicidin C and 1 mg of cetylpyridinium chloride) or in the form of a spray (0.03 mg of gramicidin C and 0.1 mg of cetylpyridinium chloride).
- Grammydin spray during pregnancy. The drug has a complex (antimicrobial and antiseptic) effect due to the presence of the substance cetylpyridinium chloride (0.10 mg in 1 injection). 1 dose of the drug contains 0.06 mg of gramicidin C. Until 18 years of age, the use of this drug is prohibited.
- Grammidin neo during pregnancy. The substance has a composition similar to its predecessor (but in higher concentrations), therefore the antibacterial effect is complemented by an antiseptic. The drug is available in the form of lozenges. 1 pill contains 3 mg of gramicidin C and 1 mg of cetylpyridinium chloride. Allowed to use from 12 years.
- Grammidine with anesthetic during pregnancy. The drug is presented in the form of lozenges. The concentration of active ingredients in 1 tablet (gramicidin C and lidocaine) is 1.5 mg and 10 mg, respectively. Approved for use in children (from 4 years).
Grammidin - contraindications to the use of the drug during pregnancy
The use of antibacterial agents when carrying a baby is always an additional risk. For this reason, treat drugs in this group is particularly careful. As for Grammeadin, it is contraindicated in:
- Pregnancy first trimester. A categorical ban is imposed on the first 12 weeks of gestation.
- The presence of hypersensitivity to any component of the substance. Moreover, if in the history of the woman there were allergic reactions to any antimicrobial drugs, the appointment of Grammeadin should be especially careful.
If during the course of therapy a woman notes any negative changes in her health condition (for example, allergic reactions in the form of rash or edema), treatment with the drug should be stopped. Grammidinn with cetylpyridinium chloride should not be used in the presence of open wounds in the oral cavity. This component slows down the process of their healing.