Cystitis and suppositories for its treatment: a review of the most effective drugs
Cystitis is a common disease, especially among women. The causes of inflammation may be various infectious pathogens introduced into the bladder. In therapy, it is necessary to prescribe antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory therapy.
To relieve painful symptoms of pain during urination, you need antispasmodics and painkillers. In the treatment of using different forms of drugs. In case of a severe course it is necessary to use ampoule means in injections.
The best solution is often a combination of tablets and suppositories for cystitis. Such a combination makes it possible not to burden the stomach with chemicals from synthetic drugs, to bring the active agent close to the focus of inflammation.
Benefits of Candle Treatment
Candles for cystitis in women and men are prescribed by doctors, because they have important therapeutic characteristics. They are deprived of such a lack of pills as an irritant effect on the stomach and intestines, toxic damage to the liver. The advantages of the form, in addition, include:
- quick action - in terms of the speed of absorption, they are in second place after intravenous administration of drugs,
- the ability to combine in the composition of more than one drug,
- easy way of administration, convenient for home outpatient treatment,
- use in therapy of a person who cannot swallow pills (for example, after a stroke), active use in pediatric practice,
- simultaneous sanitizing effect on the genitals, intestines, nearest foci of infection.
The disadvantages include:
- mandatory storage conditions,
- violation of the rules of use,
- inability to receive during working hours.
What rules must be followed when using?
Not all patients know that both vaginal and rectal suppositories help only with the implementation of a number of rules:
- vaginal candles for cystitis women can be inserted only after washing, douching,
- The rectal route of administration (into the anus) requires pre-cleaning of the lower intestine with an enema,
- hands should be clean washed with soap,
- depth of introduction can be expressed by the length of a finger,
- After the procedure, it is necessary to lie for at least 40 minutes for the drug to be absorbed,
- children have to keep their buttocks reduced to the centerline.
If you do not follow the above requirements, walk after the injection of the candle, then the shell oil will melt quickly, and the composition of the drug will flow out.
Before use, you need to read the instructions, perhaps it will contain additional information about the drug, contraindications.
Species by method of administration
Candles for the treatment of cystitis for males and girls are called rectal because they are inserted through the rectum. The list of drugs of this type includes:
- candles with methyluracil,
Vaginal suppositories are used only for women with cystitis. Their names in the pharmacy chain can be changed by different trademarks, but, in fact, they are most often used:
- Candles with Palin, Sintomitsin.
The instructions in the list of indications, in addition to cystitis, include:
- genital infections caused by chlamydia, trichomonads, ureaplasma, treponema, gonococci,
- urethritis men and women
- vaginosis and thrush in women
- prostatitis in men.
These diseases are also treated with suppositories, and with cystitis they can simultaneously eliminate a possible source of pathogenic microorganisms. The mechanism of action is determined by the composition.
The most common causative agents of inflammation of the bladder are E. coli and staphylococcus. Candles for cystitis in women, most often exposed to infection, should contain antibacterial components against these pathogens. Consider the most popular drugs.
Candles Hexicon contain a known antiseptic - Chlorhexidine digluconate (0.016 in each suppository). Able to destroy the cell wall of bacteria, herpes virus, Trichomonas, fungi of the genus Candida. This action leads to the destruction of pathogens of inflammation.
They are used not only against cystitis, but also in therapy:
- Trichomonas and other vaginitis,
- inflammation of the cervix,
- to prevent sexual transmission of infection.
Recommended intravaginal injection 2 times a day, the course - 7 days. At the same time, it is possible to use a 0.2% solution for flushing (instillations) of the bladder.
There is such a minor side effect, like itching.
Candles with Palin
Another trade name for candles with Palin is Urosept. The active antimicrobial agent is pimemidinic acid. It blocks a number of vital enzymes of pathogenic microbes and stops their reproduction in the urinary tract.
The drug does not affect:
Possible treatment of urethritis, pyelonephritis.
Dosage: one suppository vaginally overnight course per week. It is well combined with simultaneous treatment with similar capsules and a sufficient amount of fluid consumed.
- pathology of the brain and nervous system,
- impaired liver and kidney function.
Possible negative manifestations:
- reduced vision
- skin rashes,
- increased skin sensitivity to ultraviolet light spectrum.
Therefore, not all urologists love to prescribe this drug.
Candles Betadine include iodine chemical compound (povidone-iodine) 0.2 g for each suppository. Therefore, have a multi-action:
Iodine quickly destroys the protein part of the enzymes of microorganisms.
In addition to cystitis, gynecology is used to treat:
- bacterial vaginosis,
- fungal infection
- chlamydial inflammation,
- infection with herpes,
- mycoplasma infection
- when a papillomavirus is detected.
Appointed by one vaginal candle for the night, a course of up to two weeks.
Betadine is contraindicated in:
- heart failure
- impaired renal function,
- thyroid disease:
- first trimester pregnancy.
In case of overdose, the patient will feel the following symptoms:
- metallic taste in the mouth
- increased salivation.
Possible diarrhea, shortness of breath, swelling.
Part of the antibiotic syntomycin acts on:
- E. coli
Therefore, it is widely used in various diseases of the pelvic organs. Sintomitsin is considered a derivative of chloramphenicol, inside pathogenic bacteria, it destroys the energy-generating structures (mitochondria), leads to cell death. Recommended vaginal administration of one suppository twice a day. The course of treatment is from a week to 10 days.
They do not have an effect on the organism as a whole, but negative consequences are considered possible:
- allergic manifestations,
- violation of blood formation.
- pathologies of bone marrow hematopoiesis,
- porphyrin disease
- of pregnancy.
McMiror is a combined compound of the nitrofuran substance (nifuratel) and the active antifungal drug Nystatin. Therefore, it has a wide range of effects on the bacterial flora and fungi. The mechanism of action includes:
- the specific ability of nitrofurans to violate the synthesis of nucleic acids and the intracellular respiration of microorganisms,
- Nystatin disruption of electrolyte balance.
Both components of the McMiror candles mutually reinforce each other. Shown in cystitis mixed bacterial and fungal etiology. Appointed one at night, the course - at least seven days. The drug is contraindicated in pregnancy.
What kind of candles relieve inflammation?
In addition, the action on pathogenic microflora, treatment of cystitis requires the destruction of the effects of the inflammatory reaction (edema of the mucous membrane, expansion of the capillaries, destruction of the epithelium). Suppositories with anti-inflammatory effects that do not have antibacterial activity are used for this purpose and are indicated for any lesion (including noninfectious cystitis).
Methyluracil substance is used in tablets, ointments, injections. He is able to stimulate:
- depressed local immunity,
- synthesis of leukocytes and erythrocytes,
- impaired intracellular metabolism.
The result of the general action is the growth of new epithelium cells on the bladder wall.
The drug is contraindicated in:
- myeloid leukemia,
- bone marrow pathologies,
The method of administration of candles - rectal. As a negative effect, the possibility of a slight burning sensation in the anal passage is noted. For treatment prescribed three times a day. The course is determined by the course of cystitis.
Diclofenac is a part of a pharmacological group called non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Other trade names: Voltaren, Naklofen, Dikloberl.
The mechanism of action of compounds of this class is associated with impaired production of bioactive substances (prostaglandins) that stimulate the inflammatory response. At the same time, they block pain impulses heading to the spinal cord, therefore, they have an anesthetic effect.
When cystitis is prescribed twice a day (maximum - 3 times), the duration will be determined by the doctor, but it should not exceed one week.
The drug has many contraindications:
- allergy to aspirin and its derivatives,
- bronchial asthma,
- inflammatory and ulcerative diseases of the stomach and intestines,
- heart failure,
- severe violations of the liver and kidneys.
Side effects include:
- allergic skin rash,
- stomach ache,
- nausea and vomiting,
- blood pressure fluctuations.
With an overdose, all negative symptoms are observed, possibly gastrointestinal bleeding, convulsions.
Due to the increased toxic effect of the candle, Diclofenac cannot be combined with tablets:
- cyclosporine antibiotics and quinolone series (palin),
- diuretic action.
Pain relief candles
To relieve pain in cystitis, the already described candles Diclofenac, Indomethacin and Voltaren are suitable. They are used for severe pain, short courses due to toxic effects.
Rectal suppositories with papaverine contain an alkaloid, which is able to relax the smooth muscles of the bladder, reduce its tone. This significantly eliminates the pain, it is recommended to use twice a day.
Contraindications are more concerned with the treatment of cystitis in the elderly:
- pronounced atherosclerosis,
- kidney and liver failure.
Side effects include:
- general weakness
- skin redness
- dizziness and nausea
- double vision.
Candles with combined effects
Best known in the practice of the doctor Genferon. The composition contains:
- recombinant human interferon,
- taurine (sulfur-containing amino acid),
- benzocaine anesthetic.
The effect of the drug:
- antibacterial and antiviral,
- activation of immunity
- healing of small wounds and cracks of the bladder mucosa,
- pain relief.
The drug is contraindicated in:
- autoimmune diseases
- in the first trimester of pregnancy
- against the background of frequent allergic reactions in the anamnesis.
Negative manifestations include:
- muscle and headaches
- weakness, increased fatigue,
- temperature jumps.
Vaginal and rectal suppositories are available. Which will help better advise your doctor.
Available in pediatric and adult dosage. Contain:
- recombinant human interferon,
- ascorbic acid and sodium ascorbate.
It is indicated for urogenital diseases caused by:
- human papillomavirus infection
Gynecologists use for bacterial forms of vaginosis, recurrent fungal infection. Recommended 2 suppositories per day for five days.
Clotrimazole - antifungal agent. Destroys the shell of a microorganism. It is indicated for mixed urogenital infections (bacteria + fungi) with a severe recurrent course.
Candles are contraindicated in the first trimester of pregnancy, but are used before childbirth for the rehabilitation of the birth canal of an infected woman. Appointed by one candle at night for 6 days.
Of the side effects are possible:
- itching and burning in the vagina,
- local swelling of tissues
- increased secretion
- dysuric symptoms,
- stomach ache.
In suppositories with indomethacin there is an active substance - a compound of indole acetic acid. They belong to the same pharmacological group with Diclofenac. Therefore, all indications and contraindications are identical.
As an anti-inflammatory natural remedies are assigned candles with sea buckthorn oil, propolis. Such suppositories help in healing the damage to the bladder mucosa, restore local immunity.
On the directions in the treatment of cystitis can be further read in this article.
What affects the effectiveness of candles?
In the care of achieving the best result of treatment of cystitis, one should not forget about the conditions of storage of medicines in the form of candles. They are more stringent than pills.
Storage should be dark and dry. Recommended temperature regime:
- not higher than + 20–25 ° C for suppositories with syntomycin, methyluracil, palin, Genferon, McMiror, Hexicon, Diclofenac,
- + 10–15 ° C - for Betadine.
Failure to comply with the rules significantly reduces the outcome of treatment.
Cystitis therapy is not limited to candles alone, it always includes local procedures, stronger tablets means. Only the attending physician can select the desired treatment in a particular case.
Pros and cons of using suppositories
The main advantage of the use of drugs for cystitis in the form of suppositories is the absence of a toxic effect on the body about them, unlike oral drugs.
Pills, passing through the digestive tract can cause negative effects in the digestive system, usually manifested in nausea, vomiting or diarrhea, as well as intoxication of the body.
Moreover, the acidic gastric environment reduces the therapeutic effect of tablets, so their dose increases, which also negatively affects the body as a whole.
Considering the path of the passage of tablets of drugs through an aggressive environment, the time of action of the receipt of active ingredients to the site of inflammation is significantly increased. Suppositories are intended for local use and begin to act immediately or within a few minutes.
The only minus of candles for cystitis is their ability to irritate the mucous at the injection site. Some patients had itching or burning at the injection site. However, this can be attributed to the individual intolerance of the components, which is not common.
Despite all the positive aspects of using suppositories, it is important to understand that you can begin treatment for cystitis only by consulting a specialist who will individually select the most suitable drug for the patient.
Suppositories for women
Women are more susceptible to cystitis, this is due to their physiological structure. Candles for cystitis are ideal for patients, as they are used intravaginal and intrarectal way.
It is necessary to eliminate inflammation in the bladder and its causes in the complex therapy, ranging from the use of drugs and ending with the observance of bed rest and providing the body with abundant drinking.
The treatment regimen should include antibacterial agents to prevent its form from becoming chronic. Depending on the symptoms, the treatment is supplemented with anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, immunostimulating and herbal remedies.
Drug therapy includes the appointment of vaginal (inserted into the vagina) and rectal (inserted into the anus) candles (suppositories) of different actions. According to the principle of impact on the body, suppositories are divided into several types.
Consider some features of treatment with suppositories, as well as the names of candles for cystitis:
With antibacterial effect
Antibacterial drugs are prescribed for any form and stage of cystitis. Severe and acute form of the disease in women is accompanied by the introduction of antibacterial suppositories into the vagina for 7-10 days.
A good addition is the use of rectal suppositories with natural extracts that have antimicrobial action. For example, candles with palin in cystitis do an excellent job with inflammatory processes and the fight against bacteria, and are well tolerated by patients, as well as without adverse reactions.
Methyluracil candles with cystitis contribute to the rapid healing of damaged areas, improve regeneration processes and normalize metabolic processes in tissues.
It is important to know that antibacterial suppositories for cystitis cannot be prescribed on their own; first, it is necessary to get tested for infections of the urogenital system.
Cystitis is always accompanied by pain and cramping in the bladder. In order to reduce such symptoms, special spasmolytics in the form of candles have been developed.
Preparations of this effect can quickly anesthetize and relax the muscles of the bladder. Moreover, they are able to strengthen the walls of small vessels and improve blood circulation in the affected organ, therefore, to enhance the immune system. Pain relief candles are applied on the first day of the disease and then during the week.
A wide range of symptoms in women with cystitis in women requires taking combination medications. Therapeutic effect, including antibacterial, antifungal and antiprotozoal effects, have candles Indomethacin for cystitis and McMiror.
About the symptoms and treatment of cystitis at home in the TV show “Live healthy!” With Elena Malysheva:
Timely and complete treatment of infections of the genitourinary system is the key to the health of the body in general and the reproductive system of women in particular. Therefore, first of all, it is necessary to seek help from a professional doctor, and not to prescribe drugs yourself. Such treatment may not only bring a positive effect, but also worsen the patient's condition. It should be remembered that cystitis requires immediate and competent comprehensive treatment, because the neglected form of the disease always leads to serious irreparable consequences.
Indications for use
Treatment with candles can be carried out in the presence of at least one of these signs:
- Sharp pain in the process of emptying the bladder.
- Dim urine color.
- Frequent urging to go to the toilet.
- Swelling of the external genital organs.
- Pain in the lower abdomen.
- Itching in the genital area.
- The presence of blood in the urine.
For women, cystitis is a more common disease, because the infection in their genitals is much easier. However, men can become infected with this disease. Therefore, when symptoms appear, you should immediately consult a doctor, as the condition will worsen, and soon may turn into a chronic stage.
The fight against cystitis will directly depend on the cause of the disease. Most often it occurs as a result of pathogenic microorganisms entering the bladder. Factors that contribute to the development of this disease:
- weakened immunity
- violation of hygiene rules.
There are various means to get rid of inflammation. Having come to the pharmacy, you can see a great variety. What to choose? To correctly name the necessary candles, it is best to make an appointment with a gynecologist or urologist, to pass all the necessary tests.
Cystitis can manifest itself in different forms, moreover, there are different stages of this disease, therefore, it is necessary to select a method of treatment in each specific case individually. But there are such cases when the disease began very acutely, and it is just necessary to somehow relieve its symptoms. For this you need:
- know all the candle groups,
- be able to apply them in different cases
- remember how they affect the body.
Types and principle of action
Candles are one of the forms of medical drugs, which consist of a base, which gives them the shape of a candle, and a certain medicinal substance. They are also called suppositories. A distinctive feature of the drugs is the hardness of the form, which they can maintain at room temperature, and under the conditions of body contact, they melt to a liquid state. All candles can be divided into 3 types:
- Vaginal. Inserted into the vagina.
- Rectal. Enter through the anus into the rectum.
- Uterine. Enter into the cervix.
Nowadays, a large number of candles are produced with the addition of extracts and essential oils of such plants:
- sea buckthorn,
- tea tree.
Such a natural composition makes their use more effective and safe for the body. Candles for cystitis in women successfully combat pathological processes and their consequences in the genitourinary system. The active substances are immediately absorbed by the affected vessels, and the delivery of the active components takes place outside the digestive system, which reduces the risk of a negative impact on the intestinal microflora.
All vaginal candles for cystitis in women can be divided into several groups or categories:
- antibacterial (antiseptics),
- pain relief candles.
Some of them can combine several of these properties at once, which makes them more effective. An example of this is sea buckthorn candles, which penetrate into the center of inflammation, stimulate immune cells and remove pain. You can make a sample list of drugs that doctors recommend most often:
The most common cause of the disease are harmful bacteria. In such cases, you need to use antibacterial suppositories for this disease in women. They consist of special substances that contribute to the inhibition of development and the destruction of pathogenic organisms. Their treatment is effective, since such drugs reduce the impact of the infection and are aimed at the destruction of harmful microorganisms. In order to properly prescribe antibiotics, you need to conduct research and determine the causative agent of the disease. Most often, they are E. coli, Proteus or Salmonella.
Popular are candles Hexicon. The preparation contains the active antiseptic chlorhexidine, due to which the drug provides a pronounced antibacterial effect. Candles Hexicon can be used even during pregnancy, because they have virtually no side effects, only in rare cases itching is possible. From thrush, this drug is not very effective, but it fights effectively with other sexually transmitted infections.
Candles are made in the form of a torpedo and painted white, in some packages you can find suppositories with a yellowish tinge. This color is the norm, so you should not be afraid of this drug. Usually they are packaged in 10 pieces, but there are packs and 1 candle, which is very convenient to use with a single dose. To make it convenient for the patient to use this tool, the manufacturer took care of the fingertip in the amount of 2 pieces. Each is packed in polyethylene.
As a rule, they are used several times a day for 5-14 days. Analogs of this drug are such means:
- Chlorhexidine Gifrer.
- Amident and others
Often with cystitis use Makmiror, which includes nystatin and nifuratel. Antimicrobial suppositories are intended for vaginal administration. They have low toxicity, act against fungi and parasites, but at the same time they are quite effective. The product is produced in the dosage of 200 g in the form of tablets, for the cream the manufacturer makes tubes of 30 g, and the medication is sold as vaginal suppositories.
Apply them 1 time per day, as a rule, before going to bed during the week, adhering to the recommendations of the attending physician. For greater effect, the suppository should be inserted into the upper part of the vagina. Do not use this type of medication for the treatment of young patients, because for such patients is the cream structure means.
The drug has a range of side effects: rash, vomiting, itching, diarrhea, bitterness. But among the contraindications is only the individual intolerance of a particular ingredient of candles. During pregnancy, the drug is prescribed cautiously, because the composition can penetrate the barrier of the placenta, harming the fetus. Therefore, the doctor chooses this tool, having previously estimated all the risks.
Comprehensive treatment of many infectious and inflammatory diseases of women often includes ichthyol candles. The active active agent of such drugs is ichthammol - a natural antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and irritant. Candles with ichthyolum are administered rectally, with the result that they are irritating to the nerve endings of the rectum. This manipulation is best carried out after cleansing the intestines. They improve local blood circulation, metabolism and regulate vascular tone. In addition, ichthyol candles have a beneficial effect on metabolism and have a positive effect on the inflamed area.
In the treatment of inflammation of the bladder recommend the use of NSAIDs - non-steroidal type of anti-inflammatory drugs. Representatives of this group are candles with Palin, which are also known as Urosept. Their composition includes pipemidovaya acid, which blocks the activity of harmful microorganisms and disrupts the process of their reproduction. Such drugs are contraindicated for people suffering from diseases of the liver and kidneys, various pathologies of the central nervous system, during pregnancy.
Anti-inflammatory candles restore damaged mucous membranes of the bladder and urinary tract. Diclofenac, which is intended for rectal administration, has anesthetic and antipyretic effect. Use candles several times a day.
There are a number of contraindications. So, they can not be used:
- Patients with intolerance to dipyrone.
- With asthma.
- If there are diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
- Patients with renal or heart failure.
- During pregnancy.
Indomethacin - candles that belong to the group of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Their properties, cases of unwanted admission are identical to those of Diclofenac. Voltaren suppositories are similar to them, but preparations with indomethacin belong to the category of old, proven remedies. The effective effect of such candles is explained by the effect on the nerve endings, which significantly dulls the pain syndrome. This effect is possible due to the property of the drug quickly absorbed, so the improvement occurs almost immediately. By the time the result is noticeable after 15 minutes.
Another anti-inflammatory agent is Methyluracil, which promotes wound healing and an increase in the protective functions of cells and tissues. It is good to produce with such candles not only treatment, but also disease prevention. With their help, the patient is relieved of various infectious genital diseases.
Methyluracil should not be used for patients suffering from bone marrow problems, malignant tumors of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as patients with intolerance to one of the components. In addition, there is no information about how such candles against cystitis affect pregnant women and breastfeeding, so they are not recommended to start using the medication without consulting a doctor.
Preparations with a combined effect
Often these tools are used in complex treatment of various diseases, as they have a wide scope. For example, Viferon suppositories can be used for influenza and ordinary acute respiratory viral infections, during viral hepatitis, herpes, in the treatment of cystitis and thrush. Its main purpose is antiviral action with simultaneous stimulation of immunity.
Combined drug are candles Terzhinan, which rapidly destroy bacteria, have anti-inflammatory effect. Due to such properties they are used even for thrush. The tool can be used as a prophylaxis before gynecological operations, childbirth, intrauterine tests. Terzhinan in cystitis is prescribed only in cases where it is triggered by microorganisms sensitive to the component of suppositories.
Genferon simultaneously has an antibacterial, antiviral and analgesic effect on the body. Apply it several times a day for 10 days, and in severe forms of the disease can be used 3 times a day for several months. Clotrimazole combination candles are antifungal. They are prescribed when the infection that caused the disease is mixed (bacteria and fungi together).
Advantages and disadvantages of funds
As noted earlier, the great advantage of candles is their rapid absorbability and therapeutic effect, which can be seen almost immediately. Drugs taken orally, can be destroyed in the stomach under the action of enzymes of the digestive system, so their healing effect is also soon destroyed. However, they do not harm the internal organs: the liver and gastrointestinal tract. Tablets often cause nausea and vomiting, stomach pain, and with candles there are no such side effects.
In addition, due to the specifics of the application, they often consist of natural components. This is very important because the urinary system is very sensitive, due to which various manifestations of allergic reactions are possible. That is why many candles can be used even during pregnancy. In addition, they can be combined with other types of treatment.
The advantages of candles are obvious, and among the shortcomings of this method of treatment, irritation of the mucous membrane of the organs can be identified, as well as some side effects. When buying these or other candles, you need to pay special attention to this. The most common are: itching, burning in the vagina or in the anus. Such reactions are extremely rare, most often in the case of intolerance to some component. The disadvantages can be attributed to the fact that after their reception it is impossible to immediately walk so that the composition does not flow out, therefore it is necessary to choose the right time to use them.
The most frequently used candles for cystitis in women. Their use helps reduce the load on the intestines, as the active ingredients penetrate the body as close as possible to the site of inflammation.
Candles for cystitis have both advantages and disadvantages. TO pluses include:
- suction speed
- combination therapy
- ease of introduction,
- suitable for children and people with problems with swallowing,
- sanitizing effect on foci of infection.
Candles have a few cons. These include:
- certain storage conditions
- frequent violations of use,
- inability to use outside the home.
What pills need to take with female cystitis, read our article.
Types of candles
Candles for cystitis are used in the treatment of urological diseases. Their advantages are that active ingredients are absorbed faster.
Before using them, you should first read the instructions to avoid contraindications.
Candles for cystitis are divided into several types, each of which is prescribed on the basis of evidence:
Cystitis occurs primarily when bacteria enter the bladder and urinary tract. In this case, antibacterial candles are prescribed. More effective means of this type are:
Their main components is papaverine hydrochloride. This is a strong antispasmodic that weakens bladder muscle tone and urinary tract, which reduces pain. Anesthetic suppositories are prescribed for acute inflammation, when the patient complains of pain when pressing on the pubic area during urination.
Anti-inflammatory candles relieve symptoms of the disease.
They are able to restore the mucous membrane of the bladder, if it was damaged as a result of active reproduction of bacteria, that is, during inflammation.
Suppositories increase the speed of formation of blood cells for the speedy healing of damage. There is an excess amount of white blood cells and red blood cells.
Immunostimulating drugs are candles with active component interferon. It is thanks to him that the body copes with infections faster and generally reduces the time of treatment.
Candles that restore the microflora are an indispensable tool in the treatment of cystitis. They allow get rid of dysbiosiscaused by antibiotics, which are mandatory treatment of this disease.
Vaginal and rectal.
All candles from cystitis are distinguished by the method of administration.
Vaginal are designed exclusively for women, as they are inserted into the vagina.
At the same time, the use of such a preparation requires additional preparation, which consists in preliminary douching and washing out.
Also, for vaginal and rectal suppositories, it is necessary to wash hands thoroughly with soap and water before using, and after the introduction procedure be in a horizontal position for 40 minutes for the drug components to have time to be absorbed.
Rectal suppositories are intended for rectal administration. Before using them, you must first make an enemato clear the lower intestines.
List of candle names for the treatment of cystitis
There are drugs against cystitis, which are used most often. They all have their testimony and contraindications, and can also be prescribed in various forms of the disease and in different dosages.
Cystiton is homeopathic remedyprescribed for inflammation of the genitourinary system. The drug is produced in the form of suppositories or suppositories.It has analgesic, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, antispasmodic, antimicrobial effects.
When using it, not only the process of urination normalizes, but pain, itching, burning and other symptoms that are characteristic of cystitis are also relieved. Antispasmodic effect relieves pain and normalizes urinationThat allows you to quickly get rid of infections.
- chronic or acute cystitis
- inflammation of the bladder,
- appendage diseases,
- urinary retention
- pain when urinating,
- burning in the genitals
- frequent urging to the toilet,
- pain along the urethra
- inflammation of the bladder and urethra.
Apply suppositories immediately before bedtime. Course of use - 1 month. Contain the drug should be at a temperature not exceeding 20 degrees.
Polygynax is used for:
- inflammatory processes in the cervix,
- vulvitis and vulvovaginitis,
- inflammatory pathologies of the vagina,
- lesions of the vaginal microflora,
- bacterial vaginitis.
The principle of the candle is to weaken and eliminating fungi at the initial stage of their development. The components of the agent damage the cell membrane of pathogenic organisms.
The dosage of the drug is one capsule per day. It is administered intervaginally at bedtime. The course of treatment is 6-12 days. Keep the drug should be at 25 degrees and below.
Indomethacin is a candle used rectally with cystitis. They belong to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The drug is indicated for all sorts of inflammation.
The principle of action is to block cyclooxygenase 1 and 2 fractions, which leads to the cessation of the production of prostaglandins. As a result, the source of inflammation in the tissues stops the growth.
Assign suppositories 2 times a day for 1 candle. The course of admission can last from 1 to 2 weeks. The doctor can adjust the dosage. Store candles need at low temperatures.
Cheap sea buckthorn candles are used for:
- pain when urinating,
- ulcers and fissures of the rectum,
- atrophic lesions,
- catarrhal affections,
- inflammations of the genitourinary system,
The drug activates the regenerative processes, eliminates pain and reduces the rate of inflammation.
The dose is prescribed based on the type of inflammation. This is usually one suppository three times a day. You can use candles from 10 to 15 days. You can repeat the treatment after two months.
Candles should be kept at low temperatures, avoiding their drop and direct sunlight on the candles.
Terzhinan used in:
- bacterial vaginitis,
- candidal vaginitis.
The drug has anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antifungal, antiprotozoal effects. It has a trichomonacid effect and actively resists even anaerobic bacteria.
Tablets used intervaginally. In order for the active components to have time to act, introducing them before going to bed in the vagina. The optimal position for this is in the prone position. After taking the woman should lie no less than half an hour. The course of use is from 10 to 20 days.
Store tablets should be at 25 degrees and below away from direct sunlight. Shelf life is three years.
Acylact is used in gynecological diseases. Such as:
- nonspecific colpit
- hormonal colpitis,
- prevention of purulent bacterial complications.
The drug suppresses the effects of pathogenic microorganisms, stimulates local immunity, normalizes the biocenosis of the vagina, and also reduces the acidity of the vaginal mucosa.
Use candles intervaginally. The dosage depends on the pathology and is usually one candle twice a day. The course of treatment lasts from 5 to 10 days. If necessary, it can be increased to 20 days.
You can store the product within a year from the production date indicated on the package. Keep it at 2-8 degrees.
Diklovit prescribed for diagnosis inflammations of different localization, which include the manifestations of pain of medium strength. The effect is due to the anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects.
An enzyme called cyclooxygenase, which promotes the synthesis of prostaglandins, is inhibited. The active substances are rapidly absorbed from the rectum and reach their maximum possible concentration in half an hour.
The dosage of the drug is 1 candle three or two times a day, depending on the intensity of the pain.
The course of treatment depends on the individual characteristics of the organism and must be adjusted by a doctor.
Keep candles should at 20 degrees and below in a dark place, protected from children. Shelf life - two years from the date of manufacture.
Methyluracil candles are used for:
- anal fissures,
Their active ingredients have a hematopoietic, leukopoietic, immunostimulating and anti-inflammatory effect. When taking the drug, nucleic metabolism is normalized, cellular regeneration processes are accelerated, erythro-and leukopoiesis is stimulated, and immunity increases.
The course lasts from the week up to 4 months. Apply per day for one candle from one to 4 times. Store the drug should be at 25 degrees and below. Expiration date is indicated on the package.
Genferon is used as part of therapy in the treatment of infectious and inflammatory diseases. These include:
- infections of the urogenital tract,
- chronic inflammation of the bladder,
- acute inflammatory processes in the bronchial mucosa.
Thanks to the active ingredients, candles have an immunomodulating immunostimulating effect, normalize metabolism in the tissues and reduce the severity of pain by blocking the sensitivity of nerve endings.
The dose of the drug varies and is prescribed by the attending physician. It usually ranges from 1 to 4 candles twice a day. The course is from one week. up to 40 days.
Store suppositories in the refrigerator at 2-8 degrees. Shelf life - two years.
The use of candles for cystitis requires careful selection of the necessary drug, with which you can achieve the maximum effect. This should be done only after visiting the attending physician.
What candles can be used during pregnancy, find out from the video:
On the problem of cystitis in modern women
When this disease occurs, an inflammatory process begins in the tissues of the bladder. In the acute form of cystitis, special medications are required. Therapy includes the use of oral medications. In addition, the doctor appointed vaginal and rectal suppositories for cystitis. Depending on the purpose for which the patient will use them, a particular remedy is chosen. Especially popular among the fair sex are candles "Hexicon". Indications for use of this drug: acute pain in the bladder. Statistics show that they are suitable for both prevention and treatment of the problem.
Varieties of candles, their purpose
Treatment of inflammation of the bladder is aimed at eliminating pathogenic symptoms through the use of special medical devices. In addition, with the help of warming up procedures and medicines, the blood flow in the problem area is restored. Candles for cystitis help eliminate sources of pathogenic microflora. In the case of an acute form of the disease, antimicrobial suppositories with antimicrobial properties will be required. Thanks to such drugs, local therapeutic effects are exerted, the development of additional infections is prevented. In order for some time to relieve pain, you can use the antispasmodic drug "Voltaren".
What is the difference between “Indomethacin” candles? Instructions, reviews of their actions confirm that the pain after these funds really reduced. Doctors note the absence of side effects in patients with their use.
Features of "Hexicon"
For the treatment of cystitis often appoint candles "Hexicon". Indications for use - painful sensations that are caused by infection. Analogs of this drug are the means "Methyluracil", "Acilact". When choosing a drug, you should consult a doctor. In the standard version of the drug "Hexicon": candles, instructions. The price of the drug - 272 rubles. You can buy it in a pharmacy.
For rapid healing of damage that occurs due to the inflammatory process in the bladder, “Methyluracil” (candles) is prescribed. Instructions for use, reviews are carefully studied by doctors. At the moment, side effects have been identified. Patients suffering from cystitis since adolescence, after applying Methyluracil, feel a reduction in pain, and the joy of life returns to them.
To eliminate such problems as cystitis, you need an effective tool. Determines the method of treatment with the drug "Hexicon" (candles) instruction. The price is low and available to everyone. This remedy not only relieves the main symptoms of inflammation, including strong pain, but also eliminates the source of the infection.
Specificity of drug selection
The selection of drugs is carried out depending on the form of cystitis, the principle of action of candles on the body. Currently, there are several types of suppositories. Rectal suppositories are suitable for insertion into the anus, vaginal preparations are prescribed for insertion into the vagina. All candles for cystitis have their own characteristics, and therefore deserve detailed consideration. An appointment must be made by the doctor, while self-medication may cause complications, serious problems.
Types of remedies for cystitis
In modern pharmaceuticals are different candles from cystitis. The names of many of them are familiar to doctors: "Urethritis", "Voltaren." Effective and suppositories with polynom. As an anti-inflammatory nonsteroidal agent can be considered a tool "Voltaren". This drug has a antipyretic and analgesic effect. If the disease has a chronic or acute form, it is necessary to use rectal preparations, including natural herbal ingredients. Natural ingredients such as celandine, oak bark, which have valuable natural properties, are often included in candles. The names of drugs may differ, but the specificity of their actions is similar. This includes the anesthetic drug "Diclofenac" (candles). Instructions, reviews of experts about this drug say about its effectiveness. This coincides with the opinion of the patients who used them. Women who could not find the medicine, and on the recommendation of the attending physician chose these candles, noted the high efficacy of Diclofenac.
Hematogenous and antispasmodic candles
In the case of urethritis, many patients experience severe pain as a result of a spasm in the bladder tissue. It can cause a violation of the full circulation, so it is important to eliminate this symptom in a timely manner. To this end, use drugs that are able to relieve spasm and discomfort.
Candles with belladonna
Experts advise the use of such painkillers in which there is a belladonna extract. Among the effective tools in the fight against spastic phenomena emit candles "Betiol". This drug quickly relieves spasm, eliminates inflammation in the bladder. Candles containing papaverine are also effective for severe cramps.
In some cases, during the appearance of spasms in the bladder, problems arise with blood vessels passing through the walls of internal organs. As a result, the pathogenesis of the disease is complicated, and recovery is significantly delayed.
Application of the remedy
Candles for treatment should be used only after reading the instructions. The patient must adhere to a number of specific rules:
- Female vaginal candles can be inserted only after douching, washing, and do it at night.
- With the introduction of rectal preparations is necessary with the help of an enema or in a natural way to pre-clean the lower intestinal tract. They are most often put in the morning.
- During the manipulation hands should be clean, washed with soap and water.
- After the introduction of the drug does not need to walk, because after quickly getting up the oil will flow out. It is better to lie down for about 40 minutes to give the time for the drug to be well absorbed.
In order for candles to perform their functions and bring proper effect, you need to properly store them. The place for this should be dark and dry. The recommended temperature regime, as a rule, is not higher than 20 ° C, although there may be specific features for different types of the drug. The shelf life is usually less than 2 years.
In addition to the use of candles, it is important to adhere to the diet. So, it is advisable to revise your diet and abandon the fried, spicy and salty. It is necessary to limit the consumption of dairy products, drink more water, but not tea and coffee. It is necessary to reduce physical exertion or completely relax all these days. You can buy these relatively inexpensive products at any pharmacy. Most often for the treatment of cystitis use not only candles, but also tablets or drops, and their name may be the same.
Advantages and disadvantages of candles
Before you start using candles to combat cystitis, you should be familiar with the list of strengths and weaknesses of the direction. Despite the fact that the composition and mechanisms of action of these products may be different, there are several universal points.
Here are the main benefits of treating cystitis with candles:
- In terms of the rate of absorption of the active substance, suppositories rank second after parenteral administration of drugs. This ensures quick results.
- Vaginal suppositories for cystitis help the patient safely combine different potent drugs.
- Products do not irritate the digestive tract. They are much softer effect on the liver.
- Products are easy to use, they can be treated at home.
- The positive effect of drugs extends to all organs of the pelvis, reducing the risk of complications.
There is an approach using candles for cystitis and several negative points. During working hours, using them in due form will not work. Neglect of the technique of manipulation will reduce the effectiveness of products. In some cases, the genital mucosa responds to the dosage form with irritation, burning and itching.
Cystitis in modern reality
It is impossible to say that it is pleasant to be ill, but everyone will say that it is doubly unpleasant to be ill with cystitis. It causes psychological and hygienic discomfort, makes sexual relations problematic and inferior. In addition, there is a humiliating problem of dependence on the proximity of the toilet. But, it would have been half the trouble if the chronization of the process had not manifested dangerous consequences.
The disease is widespread throughout the world. Indeed, it is not for nothing that the International Association of Urology has been created, which for many years has been developing practical recommendations for the treatment of the disease, according to the etiological factor in the development of cystitis in various countries and individual regions. According to research, the frequency of infectious and inflammatory lesions of the urinary-cystic tissues is directly dependent on the ecology, living conditions, gender of patients, increasing with age.
The predominant development of the disease in women is due to the anatomical and physiological properties, it is more common than among males, but until the end, for various reasons, it is not always cured. Therefore, a recurrent form of cystitis is diagnosed in every tenth woman, and its individual symptoms in every second. According to statistics, these are women aged 20–45, although in adolescent girls and in menopausal women, such processes are not uncommon.
The existing statement about easy cure of cystitis is refuted by the sad consequences observed during the research process. Every fourth patient with a history of three or more episodes of exacerbation of the disease is diagnosed with MP cancer. Every fifth woman has a lesion of the interstitial tissue of the urinary cystic organ with persistent signs of the disease, symptoms of severe pain, with signs of a progressive decrease in the volume of the reservoir cavity MP, invariably leading to the impossibility of further disability.
As a result, the current problem of infection of the urinary bladder tissue is indeed relevant, global and common in modern medicine and civilization as a whole.
Advantages and disadvantages of suppositories
Candles for cystitis in women, along with many drugs that are included in the complex therapy of the disease, have their drawbacks and special advantages.
The expediency of their appointment is due to several factors:
- Delivery of therapeutic components of suppositories directly to the site of an infectious-inflammatory lesion, bypassing the liver and the digestive system.That excludes the defeat of beneficial intestinal microflora and toxic effects, unlike other therapeutic forms of therapy.
- Instant absorption into the plasma of the medicinal substance, administered by rectal or vaginal method, thus providing rapid treatment of the mucous membrane of the lining of the bladder, affected by infectious inflammation.
The lack of use of suppositories in the complex therapy of inflammatory processes in the urinary bladder organ is caused by the manifestation of allergic reactions in the form of irritation of the vaginal mucous tissues, burning and itchy symptoms.
It happens mainly if the prescription of suppositories did not take into account the factors of contraindications to their main active drug, or the patients did not observe the dosages prescribed by the doctor.
Varieties of candles and their purpose
The classification of candles for cystitis in women is based on two main criteria:
- injection mechanism - vaginal (inserted into the vagina) and rectal (through the anus) - vaginal suppositories and rectal,
- mechanism of pharmacological properties.
According to the pharmacological advantages of candles with cystitis in women, conditionally divided into groups, according to the effect of exposure:
- Antibacterial properties used in cystitis of bacterial genesis, showing the greatest efficiency in the period of acute exacerbation of the disease, slowing down or completely blocking the processes of reproduction of bacterial flora.
- Suppositories that have an antispasmodic (analgesic) effect, relieving painful symptoms by removing spasm resulting from sharp detrusor contractions. The main active ingredient are, as a rule, natural phytocomponents.
- Candles of anti-inflammatory nature, used to heal inflammatory foci in the mucosa of the lining of the cystic reservoir. They are able to normalize the temperature and reduce pain. The use of nonsteroidal suppositories and suppositories made on the components of the plant base is recommended. When using steroid suppositories in patients, hormonal disturbances and deterioration of the condition are possible.
- Suppositories of hematogenous properties are assigned to restore blood circulation processes in the affected urinary-cystic tissues, which contributes to the improvement of the patient's condition and the effectiveness of concomitant therapy, accelerating the process of tissue regeneration.
Combination suppositories are considered to be the most preferred ones, which include all of the listed effectiveness factors. These can be both vaginal suppositories for cystitis and rectal. Although, if in fact to understand, they all show the effectiveness of different directions, and the classification itself is rather relative.
Overview of suppositories for the treatment of cystitis
The presence of an extensive list of candles used in the treatment of cystitis in women, does not give rise to their independent selection. The specialist should select the drug, taking into account not only the signs of the disease and diagnostic indicators, but also the factor of their compatibility with other drugs included in the therapeutic therapeutic complex of cystitis.
We will conduct a small review of the characteristics of suppositories, with the most frequent demand for this pathology.
The genesis of infectious inflammatory reactions in the mucous membrane of the MP lining is mainly due to the effect of bacterial flora. It can be neutralized only with the use of antibiotics, including suppositories with their active substance. The list of antibacterial suppositories is quite extensive. Consider some of the drugs most commonly used for cystitis:
- Vaginal suppository Hexicon. It is a powerful antiseptic in relation not only to bacterial pathogens, but also to fungal. Individual treatment is prescribed in addition to the main therapy. Usually, the treatment is carried out by a weekly course with a two-time administration per day in combination with the MP instillation processes with a 2% solution of the same preparation. Price from 250 rubles.
- Vaginal candles Pauline. Show high activity against many bacterial pathogens, not showing aggressiveness to the natural flora of the body. The effectiveness of the drug appears two hours after use. With abundant fluid intake in the urine, the highest concentration of the drug is achieved, which enhances the effect of treatment. The course of treatment - a candle at night for a week. Packing cost (10 pieces) - from 350 rubles.
- Complex Macmimor - the cost of 8 candles from 450 p. Its effectiveness is due to the properties of the main active ingredients (niferela and nystatin), providing the effect of antifungal, antibacterial and antiprotozoal character. The course of administration is one introduction for the night for 7 days.
- The action of Betadine candles is similar to the previous one. Due to the main component (antiseptic with active iodine), the drug's medicinal value is due to antifungal, antiseptic, bactericidal and antiviral efficacy. The course of treatment is one injection of a candle at bedtime for 2 weeks. Price from 300 rubles.
- Vaginal Sintomitsin-candles - the most effective antibacterial agent from almost all strains of bacterial pathogens, actively destroying their synthesis. Intravaginal their administration is shown up to three times / day for one and a half weeks. Packing cost (10 pieces) - from 175 rubles. The presence of contraindications requires additional consultation with a doctor before use.
Despite the fact that the drugs can be purchased without a prescription, independent experiments can greatly harm the body. Prescribing a therapeutic complex - the prerogative of the specialist.
Suppositories of hematogenous properties are appointed as an additional factor in the treatment of cystitis, provoked by vascular destruction in MP tissues due to spasm of muscle tissue. The purpose of suppositories is to restore blood circulation in the affected tissues.
The effect of such a plan is able to provide candles with the main active ingredient based on berry extracts (for example, seeds and skin of red grapes). 1-2 candles / day rectally for 3 weeks (price from 55 rubles).
As for the combined suppositories, it is quite problematic to determine the exact affiliation of these drugs used in the treatment of female cystitis. 90% of them (most of them are described above) have complex properties. For example - anesthetize and relieve inflammation.
What do reviews say
Responses to the treatment of cystitis with candles are contradictory. Only those patients who made the choice of drugs on their own, intuitively, guided only by information obtained from the instructions for use, disregarding the causative factor of the disease and evaluating the drug, based on the minimal number of side effects, speak of low effectiveness.
Experts note that suppository therapy is an effective complementary method in the complex therapy of infectious and inflammatory processes in urinary cystic tissues.
It should be remembered that the best drugs are those that are selected by the doctor taking into account compatibility with the drugs of internal administration. To cure the disease in a short time is possible only by following all the recommendations of the doctor.
Restoration of blood circulation in the bladder
In order to speed up the process, it is important to stimulate blood circulation in the bladder. For such purposes, special vaginal suppositories have been developed to normalize blood flow in this organ. Rectal suppositories, in which there are substances that promote the activation of blood circulation, are also suitable for this purpose. For example, you can pick up candles with red grape extract. The active ingredients of the drug have excellent antioxidant properties, antispasmodic effect. After the course of treatment, the walls of small blood vessels will be strengthened, the blood circulation will be restored, the metabolism will be normalized.
On the advantages and disadvantages of drugs for cystitis
Each drug designed to eliminate inflammation in the bladder has its own positive and negative features. That is why self-healing is so dangerous, it is important that a qualified consultation of the doctor when selecting candles. Analyzing the main advantages of candles to eliminate cystitis, we will pay attention to the fact that the active substances in their composition get into the blood much faster than when used in the form of tablets. The chemicals do not pass through the liver, which reduces the risk of side effects, increasing the effectiveness of the drug. Among the advantages, it is important to mention the minimal effect on the patient's digestive system. Some cystitis pills have side effects such as nausea, stomach cramps, diarrhea, and vomiting. From this point of view, the use of candles is absolutely safe. In suppositories, much less additional chemical components are used than in tablets.
There are candles and some flaws. For example, the active components of such drugs cause irritation of the mucous membranes, provoke the appearance of itching and burning. This side effect does not occur in all patients using candles for cystitis. The cause of these phenomena is mainly individual intolerance to the drug.
In order to quickly get rid of the inflammatory process in the bladder, to eliminate the pain, you need effective and timely treatment. To cope with the disease can only be subject to certain rules.
Rectal suppositories should be used after the enema. Since they often have a laxative effect, with full intestines they will become completely useless. It is advisable to lie down for a while after the candle is injected.
When using vaginal suppositories, one should not forget about the elementary rules of intimate hygiene. Before using candles it is necessary to wash them with soap and warm water. The drug is introduced into the vagina, so it is necessary to ensure the patient's rest after using it.
Treatment of a serious disease such as cystitis should be timely. Come to the aid of candles with cystitis. In women, they become the most effective means of treating a disease. Otherwise, serious complications are possible due to the inflammatory process.