The finest slices of cheese have an infinitely pleasant taste. This is one of the most interesting and useful products, the love for which most people experience throughout their lives. From what age can crumbs give cheese? What varieties will be more useful to him? Today we will answer these and many, many other questions.
Is cheese useful?
Weird question! Of course! Otherwise, how can you explain such a variety of varieties - only a few hundred of them. With noble blue mold and spices, soft and hard, crumbly, or with lots of big holes. All of them are made on the basis of milk - with the addition of special enzymes, thanks to which the ripening of the product takes place. Cheese must be in the diet of children, there are several reasons for this:
- It contains more protein than meat, moreover, cheese protein is absorbed by 95% - almost all.
- Even if the baby has an allergy to milk protein, eating cheese will most likely not cause an allergic reaction. This is due to the fact that the cheese protein is split in the fermentation process.
- Cheese is an excellent source of calcium, it is significantly more in the product than in milk - 8 times, and 10 times - than in fermented milk products, in particular, in cottage cheese. Important! The content of calcium processed cheese is inferior to the solid.
- In hard cheese there is a significant amount of fat-soluble vitamins, including A, D, and E, as well as many others - B vitamins and others.
- In the cheese there are amino acids that are strategically important for the health of the baby. Of particular interest are lysine, tryptophan, methionine. They ensure the proper development of internal organs, contribute to the development of muscles of the baby, positively affect the condition of hair, nails and skin.
- In addition to vitamins and amino acids, cheese contains trace elements, including calcium, which is so important for strengthening the skeletal system, phosphorus is necessary for brain development, as well as zinc and many other substances.
- Cheese - the best way to recuperate. Therefore, it is especially useful to use after physical exercise (we hope you are engaged in sports and active games with your baby), as well as swimming, playing football and other activities, accompanied by significant energy costs.
30–40 g of cheese is quite enough to satisfy the child’s daily need for vitamins and minerals. For this reason, it is recommended to regularly give patients with fractures or other injuries.
You are mistaken if you think that cheese is useful for absolutely everyone. Some people have an absolute intolerance to this product. Refrain from its use should in some other cases:
- with gastritis - regardless of acidity: high or low,
- kidney problems, including pyelonephritis (both acute and chronic),
- with urolithiasis,
- with heart problems or hypertension,
- with excessive body weight - cheese is a very high-calorie product, the energy value of 200 g of the product covers the daily calorie intake.
Be careful with cheeses with mold - in children, they can cause an allergic reaction. We do not recommend including processed cheese into the diet of babies. Cause? The fact is that almost all products of this category are produced by processing products stale on the counter. Virtually no benefit from them.
The first "tasting"
Pediatricians unanimously object to the use of cheese by children until they reach the age of 1 year. Argument is simple: almost all products are obtained by fermentation, so it creates an increased load on the child's digestive system. The optimal age of "dating" with cheese is 1 year. An older kid has more digestive enzymes, so he can use this product without risk to health. Scheme of administration:
- On the first day, offer the baby a tiny slice of cheese - weighing up to 2 g.
- If the tasting was normal, the next time the portion can be increased to 4-5 g.
- The maximum daily rate of consumption of cheese by a child aged 1-3 years is 5–10 g, and preschool age is up to 50 g.
In the first days of acquaintance with a new product, carefully monitor all changes in the state of health of the child. Very often, an allergy is manifested not by a rash, but by the appearance of a cough, runny nose, or other symptoms.
What cheeses are better to give the baby?
At the age of 1–2 years old, it is better for the child to offer low-fat varieties of cheese without spices, with a mild flavor, for example, “Maasdam” or “Russia”, as well as products similar to them. In no case do not buy smoked cheeses - due to the high content of fats and salts, they can adversely affect the kidneys and liver.
Small children are well perceived Poshehonsky or Dutch cheese, as well as other varieties with fat content up to 45-50%. You can make delicious desserts from Mozzarella, and Camembert is more suitable for children from 3 years old. Its use activates the digestive system. If your child has calcium deficiency (manifested by brittle nails and poor hair condition), enter Gouda or Emmental in his diet. After a year and a half, kiddies can be given brine cheeses, including the Adyghe or Suluguni.
Children are happy to eat cheese in its natural form, but sometimes you want to please your baby with something tasty. We hope that the proposed recipes will help in this.
Products: milk sauce (1 teaspoon of honey and butter, 0.5 tablespoons of flour), 4 eggs, 70 grams of grated cheese, 25 grams of butter.
Preparation of milk sauce: heat the pan, unload honey and butter on it, when melted, add flour, boil until thickened (sour cream consistency). Cool the mixture, add the yolks with cheese (leave a little), then mix thoroughly. Whisk the whites separately, and then gently put them into the cheese mass. Then it is necessary to lay out in the form, previously smeared with butter, sprinkle with cheese residues on top. Bake for 15-20 minutes. Serve warm.
Milk-based Cheese Pudding
Products: 0.25 milk, 50 g plums. butter, 125 g breadcrumbs (you can grate a dry loaf on a grater), 125 g hard cheese, 3 eggs.
Cooking Boil the milk, add the crackers with grated cheese and butter, then mix, then cool to a temperature of 75-80 ° C, add the yolks. The final stage is the introduction of proteins whipped into resistant foam and boiling in a water bath (40 minutes) in a form sprinkled with breadcrumbs (pre-greased). Wonderful afternoon snack option!
For 2 servings you will need: 2 eggs (if quail - 8), 100 ml of milk, 2 tsp of flour, 30 g of cheese - any of the firm varieties will do, some vegetable oil, salt to taste.
Cooking Thoroughly wash the eggs, break them into a bowl, add salt, add milk, and then beat into a homogeneous mass (as an option, you can do it manually). At the very end, carefully, so as not to form lumps, add flour. The second stage of preparation: grease the form, pour the omelette mixture into it, put in a preheated oven. Bake for 5 minutes, then sprinkle with grated cheese, and then send back to the oven - 3-5 minutes is enough.
Useful properties of cheese
- In the presence of animal protein with a high content of essential amino acids.
- Calcium content is much higher than in cottage cheese or milk.
- Rich vitamin composition. A special place is occupied by vitamins B, A, tocopherol and nicotinic acid.
- Valuable mineral composition. The most significant are phosphorus, sodium, potassium, zinc, sulfur and iron.
- The composition of the product includes fatty acids, which favorably affect the skin, the performance of the brain and the development of internal organs.
- Cheese belongs to the solid products, therefore, using it, the baby will develop his chewing reflex.
- It is a nutritious product, so it satisfies hunger well.
- Includes components that are easily absorbed by the body.
- Contraindicated in pathologies of the excretory and digestive system.
- Due to the presence of cholesterol, as well as saturated fatty acids, with frequent use, can cause abnormalities in the cardiovascular system and lead to disruptions in the process of metabolism.
- Increased salt content in the product can adversely affect the water-salt balance.
- There is a risk of an allergic reaction.
- Due to the relatively high caloric content helps to gain extra pounds. It is therefore good for eating children with weight gain. And it is not desirable for overweight karazuzov.
- If the child is given fatty cheese, there are cases of nausea and even vomiting.
When to give cheese to a child
Cheese is recommended to be used in feeding to children from the age of 12 months, although some experts allow it at the age of 11 months.
The fact is that salt concentration, even in lightly salted cheeses, is high for an imperfect children's excretory system. Because of the protein contained in this product, is a hard food for the digestive tract of the baby. The high content of animal fats also complicates the process of assimilation of this food. Rennet, which is used in the preparation process, can give complications to the work of the pancreas.
But, just with the onset of one year old, the baby begins to produce more digestive enzymes, the intestinal walls become less permeable, and the body of the crumbs are already stronger and able to withstand allergic factors.
But it is worth remembering that this does not apply to all varieties of cheese. And there are a number of species that are valid only from the age of 7 or even from the age of 12.
I introduced my Russian cheese to my son in a year old. For the baby, it has become a favorite treat.
What cheese to give a child
- The most important criterion is the choice of a natural product. In the diet of crumbs, cheeses are completely unacceptable, which include dyes, flavors or other flavoring agents.
- In addition, parents should understand that the baby needs a low-salt product.
- And certainly you can not stop your choice on fatty cheeses. Permissible up to 20% fat (in dry matter), inclusive. If the indicator indicates the fat content of the finished product on the cheese, then for babies, up to 45% is permissible.
- Karapuzu for the first acquaintance fit only solid varieties of cheese.
- Ideal for the first feeding will be Maasdam, Russian, Edam and Parmesan.
- You can start giving a half-sized baby suluguni, Georgian or Adygei cheese, but in very limited quantities, because these cheeses are salty enough. And the extra salt in the body of such a baby is not yet needed.
What types are not desirable
There are a number of cheeses that are categorically not allowed in the diet of a one-year-old child.
- Cheese product. Includes substitutes for natural ingredients, which significantly reduces the cost of finished products. However, such substances are harmful not only to the health of the crumbs, but also even for an adult.
- Smoked. The process of processing such cheese deprives the finished product of most valuable items. In addition, there is a perception that for the manufacture of such cheeses production waste is used. Such a product is strictly contraindicated in children under 7 years of age.
- Processed cheese. This product is prepared with a surplus of salt, and is also very fat for the child's body. Therefore, it is better to wait with him up to 10 years, no less. Also there is an opinion on the production of such cheese from the waste of cheese production.
- Spicy cheeses are contraindicated in the children's menu. Their composition irritates the gastric mucosa and can cause disturbances in the work of the digestive system.
- Salty cheeses (feta cheese, suluguni, adygei or feta) are undesirable in the baby's diet because of the high salt content. When using this product there is a risk of violation of water-salt metabolism in the body of the baby.
- Blue cheese is not recommended in the child’s menu until the age of 12 years. Such age restrictions are due to the fact that this product contains a mold fungus, which in rare cases can cause allergies and even poisoning, as well as trigger an infectious process (listeriosis).
How much and how to give crumbs
- The first lure - no more than 5 grams of cheese.
- With good portability, you can gradually increase the portion, but do it in very small steps. So in the menu of a two-year-old child the daily rate of cheese is 30 grams.
- In the event of undesirable reactions - product input should be postponed. A second attempt is allowed after two or three months. But you can also use a different type of cheese.
- Baby recommended to use cheese no more than three times a week.
- Cheese is better to give crumbs before lunch. This is due to the fact that in the morning, the digestive enzymes are more active.
- Cheese can be added to soups, pasta. Bread with butter and cheese after one and a half years is also allowed. This combination of products is necessary for a complete balance in the diet of the toddler of fats, proteins and carbohydrates.
You can add cheeses to your baby’s diet, but only after one year of age. It was during this period that all internal organs and systems become more perfect, the work of digestive enzymes intensifies. Most importantly, do not forget which types are permissible in the diet of your toddler, and which are contraindicated before reaching a certain age.
Why cheese is necessary for kids
Cheese should certainly enrich the children's diet. And that's why. The protein contained in this appetizing product (and there up to 25% is more than what is in meat!) Is much better absorbed than that found in milk and curd. The valuable proteins that make up the cheese are absorbed almost completely - by 95%.
In solid varieties of cheese, in addition, there is quite a lot of calcium that is so necessary for the children's body: there are 8 times more than in milk, and 10 more than in cottage cheese!
Cheese is also rich in phosphorus, fat-soluble vitamins of several groups. It also has many mineral salts.
Thanks to the fatty acids contained in the cheese, it improves brain function.
Chewing this fairly solid product, the kids develop their jaw apparatus.
Cheese can even be crumbs that have a lactose intolerance diagnosed, because during its production all lactose remains in the whey.
Add to this the harmonious combination of proteins and fats - and the doubts about the benefits of this tasty product for the children's body will not remain a trace.
Which cheese is better for the baby
It is also important what kind of cheese can be given to a child under one year old. The first varieties should be unsalted and spiced. That is, you need to start cheese lure with Dutch, Poshekhonsky, Parmesan, Russian and similar varieties. Other varieties need to be added more carefully, and this should be done gradually.
The fat content of this product is also very important. It is possible to give babies cheese with a fat content of about 45. Fatter is harmful to a child’s body, because it overloads the pancreas and the child’s liver, and calcium less is absorbed in cheese with a lower fat content.
The menu of the one-and-a-half-year-old child can already be diversified by introducing sour-milk and pickled cheeses: Suluguni, Georgian, and Adyghe.
But crumbs should not be taught to melted curds and smoked cheeses! This also applies to cheeses with a noble mold.
When can you give cheese to a child of these types? Not before he is 5-6 years old.
How much cheese to give and in what form
When can I give cheese to a child and how much to start with?
The first time you need to give crumbs no more than 5 grams of cheese. This is the maximum daily allowance for an infant.
Up to two years, the amount of cheese can be gradually increased to 30 grams per day. But at the same time you need to give it only 2-3 times a week.
Pediatricians are not advised to give kids cheeses in combination with meat and butter, so as not to overload children's kidneys, liver and pancreas.
If you want to treat your little son or daughter with a sandwich with butter and cheese that you love yourself, you should know that you should not do this, because such a combination of products is harmful for a fragile children's organism.
Up to three years, experts advise giving cheeses to babies in a grated form. And only from this age can a fermented milk product be offered sliced into small pieces.
In the morning or evening?
Young parents are interested in when you can give the child cheese: in the morning, afternoon or evening. Does it matter at what time of day to feed their baby?
Experts recommend to treat the little man with this tasty and nutritious product in the first half of the day, since it is at this time that the enzymes work most actively, which will contribute to a faster processing of cheese by the children's body.
Observing the above conditions, loving parents diversify the menu of their offspring with a tasty and useful product and do not harm at the same time to a fragile children's organism.
When the child is not recommended cheese
В некоторых случаях лакомство может стать причиной плохого самочувствия крохи. Поэтому не давайте его, если ребенок:
- плохо переваривает пищу с высоким содержанием жиров,
- склонен к набору избыточной массы тела (а вот худеньким детишкам можно смело давать небольшое количество),
- имеет заболевания ЖКТ.
Почему нельзя давать сыр малышу до 12 месяцев
This dairy product has a high content of proteins and fats, so its use at such a tender age can cause problems associated with the work of the kidneys and liver. A rennet, which is used for the manufacture of treats, provokes dysfunction of the gastrointestinal tract.
A one-year-old child can be given a small amount, because at this age the digestive system begins to produce enzymes that are necessary for the digestion of heavy food.
What grade is allowed
What kind of cheese can be given to a child without fear? Both future mothers and children are not recommended to use products with a noble mold, as well as the so-called soft varieties (unpasteurized). They can eat such species as:
- Ricotta (although this cheese is softer, but you can use it),
Is it possible to start giving a child melted cheese and slices in one year? Experts do not recommend giving these types of products to babies, as they have little in common with the natural taste. To obtain a pasty consistency, a large amount of chemical substances — emulsifiers, stabilizers, and preservatives — are added to the fused form.
Also, children should not be given smoked cheese ("pigtail"). It contains a huge amount of salt and fat.
If you like exotic cheeses with mold, then this is no reason to acquaint them with the child. Children are allowed to try this product after 10 years. The fact is that it is precisely at this age that the digestive system of the body is completely formed. The use of such cheese at a more tender age can cause constipation and even vomiting. In addition, these varieties can be the culprits of infection with listeria - a bacterium that leads to deadly diseases.
How to choose
Buying a treat for crumbs, pay attention to its calorie content. The optimal fat content in the finished product should be 20-45%. More high-calorie cheese will overload the digestive system and liver.
But do not feed your baby and low-fat treat. Calcium will be poorly absorbed from it. In addition, this product contains a considerable amount of preservatives.
How many grams can
If you think that the time has come to acquaint karapuz with your favorite hard cheese, it is worth a while to get acquainted with the recommended dosage. Doctors agree that at first the child does not need to give more than 5 grams of product per day. During this period, carefully monitor the reaction of the organism. If you have problems with the work of the digestive tract, rash or allergies - remove it from the diet.
- In the diet of a one-year-old baby, the presence of hard cheese is allowed, but only as an additive to the main meals. Also, pediatricians recommend in the first year of life to abandon sandwiches and complex multi-component dishes. Combining a dairy product with butter or meat can lead to an “overload” of an unformed, tender digestive system.
- Children at the age of 2 years can be given no more than 30 g. Treats 2-3 times a week. Although the product is very useful, they should not be “stuffed” with a fragile, tender ventricle 7 times a week.
- Until the age of three, it is best to grate the goodies on a grater, and from the age of 3 you can give cheese in slices, so that the baby clears off plaque and trains the chewing apparatus.
What do the doctor's say
But according to Dr. Komarovsky, cheese is a good substitute for cottage cheese. Therefore, you can add snacks in fruit or vegetable puree, soup and pasta. The doctor advises to increase the number of delicacies to 50 g, if your picky refuses to cottage cheese.
Other experts believe that this is too much cheese. Do not forget that it is rich in cholesterol. It turns out that 100 g of the product contains the same amount of cholesterol as in a piece of delicious ruddy steak. Children who are not suffering from dystrophy, it is better to give a treat in a bit and only as an addition to the main dish. Also, doctors are of the opinion that the cheese should be fed to the child only until 12 o'clock in the afternoon. During this period his digestive system functions most actively.
Opinion of the pediatrician on the introduction of sour cream and cheese into the feed: video
Cheese is not an obligatory product in baby food, therefore only you can decide at what age to give a treat to a child. Nevertheless, we advise you to listen to the opinion of experts and not to overload the digestive system of the crumbs. But in the year you can already give the baby to enjoy the product. Do not forget to pay attention to its fat content and variety.
The benefits and harm of cheese
Cheese is a product that will benefit your baby’s developing body:
- Contains protein. It is necessary for the formation of tissue
- Rich in calcium, which is involved in the formation of teeth, hair, skin and nails,
- Vitamins A, B, D, PP, as well as potassium, phosphorus and other useful minerals contained in the product are equally important for the body of your growing child,
- Fatty acids are involved in the work of the brain,
- This is a good source of energy, is involved in weight gain. This is another necessary useful property, since young children spend energy very quickly,
- By giving this product to a child from an early age, you create the right eating habits for him, which is important for his future adulthood.
It is also necessary to know about the possible harm that this milk product can bring. In this matter, the quality of the purchased product is important. If it is low, it can lead to:
- allergies that are very rare
What types of cheese can a child?
When covering the question of what kind of cheese can be given to a child, first of all, I want to say that you should not save money when buying cheese.
- Pay attention to the composition: dyes, flavors and other questionable additives, have a weak relationship to this product, they should not be.
- Fat content should not exceed 30 - 35%.
- Maazdam, Cheddar, Oltermani, Mozzarella, Ricotta - the most suitable varieties for your baby. Goat cheese can also be given to a child. This species is classified as dietary varieties, as it is low-calorie.
It is also not superfluous for you to know which types are not suitable for feeding a small child:
- smoked sausage and processed cheese products. Neither “friendship” cheese nor processed cheeses with a softer texture are suitable for a child. This species contains a lot of salt. In addition, they have a high percentage of fat. Neither will benefit
- Curd cheeses can also be questioned. They contain various additives and flavors. As a result, allergies and other unpleasant reactions of your child’s body,
- mold products are another type that is banned at such an early age. Allergies to cheese in a child - this is small blood, which you can get rid of after you treat him with such cheese. In the worst case, you cannot avoid an infectious disease hospital. 7 or even 12 years old is the age at which it will be possible to recall this type of product for your child,
- brine - Brynza, Adygei, Feta, Suluguni. These species are supersaturated with salt, which is bad for your baby’s body,
- cheese product. Here the name speaks for itself. From this cheese in this form is not enough that you can find. Typically, these products are much cheaper, moreover, mostly manufacturers indicate on the label that you have a cheese product. But is it worth in all cases to believe the inscriptions? Obviously, not everyone will tell the truth. First of all, be guided by the price: it should not be below the market average.
How often and in what quantity
Starting for the first time to give your baby cheese do not be lazy to follow the not complicated rules in order to avoid trouble.
- On the day when you schedule the first time to give it, do not overload the child's diet with other new products. This should be the usual familiar food for the baby.
- The ideal time to explore the new dairy product is the first half of the day. For the rest of the time, watch your baby's behavior.
- You need to start with a small microdose, the size of riska.
- In the nutrition of your baby, this milk product must be present several times a week (2 - 3).
Attention. At 1.5 years old, a serving can be increased to 15 g, and at 2 years, 20 g of cheese per day can be given.
Another version of cheese in which you can offer it to a child is grated. Add it to porridge or bake in an omelette. It goes well with cheese and fruit.
For more information on the nutrition of a child older than a year, see the online course. Eating with pleasure: returning a healthy appetite to a child >>>
What is useful and harmful cheese for children
Dairy products have a high biological value, so they must be present in the diet of the child. Milk is used for the production of cheese, the nutrients that go into it in a concentrated form. Cheese belongs to the easily digestible and nutritious products.
Consider what nutrients this dairy product contains:
- Calcium - in its cheese it is much more (1000 mg per 100 g) than in milk or cottage cheese.
- Easily assimilable protein, from which a small organism receives important amino acids.
- Vitamins A, C, E, group B, PP, which are important for the child's body. They have a positive effect on immunity, the work of the organs, the well-being of the child and his physical activity.
- Potassium helps to control the body's water balance, supports the work of the circulatory system, regulates pressure.
- Phosphorus is necessary for the growth of teeth, bones and maintaining them in good condition. Also, the substance needed for muscle and mental activity. He is responsible for cell growth, metabolism, heart function, muscles, kidneys.
- Sodium, which is rich in dairy product, is necessary for normal functioning and growth of the baby’s nervous system.
- Zinc regulates the work of muscle and bone tissues, provides synthesis, insulin secretion, has a positive effect on visual acuity and immunity. It helps in the absorption of vitamins of group B, normalizes the work of the spinal cord and brain. The trace element is involved in metabolism, maintains good condition of nails, hair, skin. Accelerates the healing of burns, wounds, cuts.
- Fatty acids that have a positive effect on brain development.
- Potassium helps to control the body's water balance, supports the work of the circulatory system, regulates pressure.
- Iron enters the structure of hemoglobin, which is responsible for the retention and transfer of oxygen through the bloodstream to the tissues. Supports immunity, provides growth of the body, nerves. Participates in maintaining the normal functioning of the thyroid gland and brain.
There may be several negative consequences for a child when using this product:
- cheese is a high-protein product, it is not recommended for kidney disease,
- in case of violations of the gastrointestinal tract in babies, the milk product can cause constipation
- cheese is a recognized source of cholesterol and saturated fatty acids, therefore its excess in the diet can provoke cardiovascular diseases, even in children.
- too salty cheese causes swelling,
- industrial product containing preservatives and phosphates, can not only cause severe allergies, but also lead to the leaching of calcium from the body and kidney diseases,
- Many babies from the first piece start to react very positively to this dairy product, and he, with a high caloric content, easily causes problems with obesity,
- high fat cheeses can cause nausea, diarrhea and colic.
In order for this product to bring only benefit to the baby, you need to carefully approach its choice, enter the cheese in the complementary foods at the right age and not exceed the recommended dosage.
At what age can you give cheese
Even solid low-fat varieties, without additives, pediatricians do not recommend giving to children earlier than a year. Until this age, the kidneys of the child are not yet able to cope with the large amount of minerals and salt in the product.
A fatty product can cause stool disorder in young children, and it is also difficult for the baby’s body to cope with excess protein.
If you enter the cheese in the diet too early - may develop allergies. After a year, this risk is reduced several times, since with age the baby’s intestinal walls become more resistant to the penetration of allergens, and the immunity is strengthened.
It is necessary to postpone familiarity with the dairy product to two years, if the baby has a pronounced allergy to any dairy products, regular stool disorder. Children with milk protein intolerance can be offered special lactose-free varieties of cheese. Their peculiarity is that they are often salty enough. Before use, it is recommended to soak such cheese in cold water for at least three hours.
How to enter the feed
The first acquaintance with cheese should be very careful. One year old baby can be offered a piece of non-fat product the size of a pea. After that, you should wait a couple of days and watch the reaction of his body. If everything is good, then it is necessary to add dairy product to the child’s diet 2-3 times a week, gradually increasing the portion to 10 grams, by two years - to 20 grams.
A slice of hard cheese is given as a separate meal or in combination with vegetables. You can grate it and sprinkle on the finished omelette, casserole, or crumble into small pieces in the soup. It goes well with cheese, vegetable salads, mashed potatoes, including canned. You can give it to children along with fruit. Meat or other protein products with cheese in one meal is better not to mix, so as not to create an increased load on the kidneys and gastrointestinal tract.
From three years old, you can give your kid sandwiches with cheese, complementing them with fresh vegetables and greens.
Thus, cheese for young children can and should be given. Dairy product really strengthens bones and teeth, contains high-quality protein, vitamins and mineral salts that are beneficial to the growing body. It is only necessary to choose the right cheese and not to rush with its introduction to the supplementary food until the baby is one year old.
It is not necessary to try to feed the child with cheese before they reach 12 months - this is not recommended unanimously by all pediatricians. The fact is that in infancy, the digestive system is still unable to cope with such a complex fermented product, no matter how useful properties it may have. However, it is also not necessary to wait strictly before the birthday. The first feed can be carried out at approximately 11-13 months in stages.
At the first stage, you can offer the child a very tiny piece weighing 2–3 g. Do not try to force the child to swallow cheese, if he did not like the taste or texture. Also, do not succumb to the whims and give the first time too much of a portion, no matter how much the baby asked for supplements. The next day or two days later the portion is allowed to increase by 2 times. It is necessary to observe more closely the chair and the state of health of the child during periods of such tastings., to instantly track the deterioration of health or allergic reaction.
The last stage of the introduction of cheese in the diet of the child is a gradual increase in the amount of the product to the daily requirement. Up to three years, this rate is about 10 g of the product, and preschoolers can already eat about 50 g of hard cheese.
Do not abuse the salty delicacy, it is fraught with stagnation of fluid in the body and edema.
What types of cheese is better for a child?
At the first lure and up to 2–2.5 years old, the baby is best served with low-fat cheese with low salt content and without spices. The product should not be smoked or half-smoked, its fat content should not be more than 50%. In the first year it is best to feed the baby with varieties Maasdam, Gouda or Russian. You can choose softer varieties, such as “Creamy” or “Smetankovy”, the main thing is that it is not melted.
After reaching the age of 2, more salty, pickled cheeses can be entered into the menu, for example, Mozzarella or Suluguni. With a deficiency of potassium, you can add to them "Emmental" or "Cheddar".
Preschoolers can be added to the diet "Parmesan" or "Mascarpone", but the cheese with mold is still better left for adults. The body of the child can respond to them with acute allergies, pain in the intestines and problems with the chair.
Many kids love to use different cheeses in their natural form or as part of small sandwiches. But sometimes you want to pamper your baby with something useful, but unusual.
Soft cheese varieties are perfect for making a delicate creamy souffle. Of the ingredients required:
- 4 chicken eggs,
- 30 g butter,
- 70 g grated soft cheese
- 1 teaspoon honey
- 0.5 tbsp. Spoons of sifted wheat flour.
The first step is to prepare a sauce of honey, butter and flour. 10–15 g of oil is heated in a small ladle, honey and flour are added to it. The mixture is cooked to thicken with constant stirring. Add the yolks mixed with 50 grams of grated cheese to the prepared sauce. To soft cheese easier to grater, it can be pre-put in the freezer. Squirrels are whipped in a separate container and injected into the egg-cheese mass with a spatula or spoon. The form is smeared with the remnants of butter and poured with a mixture of all products, sprinkled with the remains of grated cheese on top. Souffle is baked at 180 degrees for 15–20 minutes, served slightly cooled, but not cold.
Quail eggs omelette
Одними из самых полезных яиц для малыша считаются перепелиные яйца. Сделанный из них омлет очень нежный и воздушный, а сыр придаст ему особый аромат и вкус. Для приготовления понадобится:
- 4 перепелиных яйца,
- 50 мл молока средней жирности,
- 1 ч. ложка пшеничной муки,
- 15 г твердого сыра (для детей от 3 лет можно использовать пармезан, для более маленьких детей лучше ограничиться голландским),
- vegetable oil,
- salt to taste
Eggs should be washed, broken into a deep dish and salted. Pour in the milk and whip with a mixer or whisk by hand. In the whipped mass gently mix the flour, leaving no lumps. Grease the omelette form with sunflower or olive oil, pour out the egg mixture and put in the oven preheated to 160 degrees for 5 minutes. Sprinkle the semi-finished omelette with grated cheese on top and leave to bake for another 5–7 minutes until the cheese chips melt on its surface.
Cheese is a healthy ingredient in the children's menu. It is rich in protein, calcium and various vitamins. For babies under two years old, it is better to limit to simpler varieties, and preschoolers can be given to try more refined tastes. With all its benefits, the amount of this fermented milk product should remain very limited. Still, cheese should be for the child a kind of delicacy, and not a daily food product.
In addition, do not forget about the contraindications and that it is not a mandatory element of baby food. At what age to give cheese to the baby and whether to give it at all, only the parents of the child decide at their own discretion.
In the next video, Dr. Komarovsky will tell you when, what and how much fermented milk products can be given to a child without harm to health.