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Why do kids love puzzles so much?

  • How to solve children's puzzles
  • Funny puzzles for children with a trick
  • How to solve riddles

Riddles - composed in a certain form of questions, involving the receipt of answer-otgadki. When teaching a child new concepts, they can be used to test ingenuity, develop observation, consolidate material.

What is the mystery

Riddles as folk art appeared in the world a long time ago. They are quite widely used as a means of entertainment or education, and are interesting questions about phenomena or objects that should be carefully considered and found the answer, that is, the answer.

Riddle is a great exercise for the development of logic, with the fulfillment of which a child can be taught to abstract, that is, to take into account only certain aspects of the subject, or to synthesize - to find the subject on several grounds that are listed in the assignment.

How to teach a child to solve riddles

Most children like to search and find answers to riddles. This is a good test of knowledge and excellent entertainment, the process itself brings pleasure no less than the result.

The search for an answer and an explanation of the conclusion that led to the clue will require the child to be able to reason - to solve the task posed will need to be creative, to express your thoughts will need to be in a fairly convincing form. It is much easier and more accurate for children to guess riddles if they instill in them the skill of logical judgment. Now the guess will be based not on random coincidence, but on the analysis of the proposed material.

In order to give the question a correct, detailed answer, the child must learn to single out the signs named in the riddle. Riddles intended for children are usually built in such a way that the child can move in stages in search of an answer. Do not suggest the answer - quick tips make it impossible to think for yourself. Having become accustomed to ready-made answers, gradually a child may lose interest in riddles altogether.

It is not necessary to immediately try to find the answer - when deciding it is better to try to move from general to private signs.

Example. After reading the riddle, to begin to think, what should be the answer - an object or a phenomenon?

All i am made of iron
I have neither legs nor hands.
I got a hat on the board,
And for me all knock yes knock.

It is clear that we are talking about an inanimate object, because it is made of iron. "Knock-knock" - can lead to the thought of a hammer. Further thoughts go in this direction: what inanimate object can "wear" a hat? And now, as if by itself, the answer comes from the “iron nail”, since the “hat” helps to remember the “hat”.

The complexity of the riddle for the guesser will always depend on how familiar he is with the object in question and the data reported about him. This is true for everyone, whether man or woman, girl or child.

"Finished the word"

Loves milk very much

Mouse catches it easily

And purring the song loudly,

I call him ... (kitten).

The house he truly guards,

All the neighbors know him.

This is a brave brave dog,

And his name is ... (Watchdog).

In the yard on the branch ate

The bird sang a song.

Breast red visible,

The bird flew away, sat high -

Yellow breast, black wing.

I will put a little grains bird on a snowball

Klyuy my ... (tit), please be my friend

He knocks in the thick forest:

He knocks like a logger:

He knocks without getting tired:

And removes bugs from the cortex:

We are very happy! (Spring.)

Leaves spin, fly!

Wind leaves breaks,

They harbor the earth. (Autumn.)

The sun shines brightly from heaven

Birds with chicks sing on the whole forest,

Children swim in the turbulent river,

Everything around is bright - very beautiful! (Summer.)

Guess what it is:

Wet to us knocks on the window,

On the window streams run,

Drops in a puddle will fall. (Rain.)

Preview:

Why is it important to teach a child to guess riddles?

Guessing riddles contributes to the active development of speech: the child’s vocabulary is enriched, he begins to understand that the word often has not one meaning, but several, that it can be used both literally and figuratively.

The most important advantage of riddles is that they develop thinking and, accordingly, help us raise a kid with an interesting and intelligent person, and quite naturally - playfully. In order for the child to give the correct answer, he must remember: where did he "see it", what does it look like, what color is it or what size. So, the thinking process is coming!

Riddles are real logical puzzles that raise questions (what? Where is it from? What is it made of?), Show different facets of the subject: sometimes they stop focusing on appearance, then point to the essence, then to its purpose.

Educational psychologists have found that teaching a child to solve riddles can begin at the age of three. But, after all, a riddle is nothing but a question, therefore, from a very young age, make riddles to children.

Often, moms and dads are surprised that the baby does not know the answer to a seemingly so easy riddle, and they are in a hurry to prompt him. Do not hurry! Better teach your child to guess. After all, the correct and independently found answer is the result of the right way of thinking. In addition, getting used to ready-made solutions, children lose interest in the subject.

Riddles are full of cognitive meaning, contain a lot of information about the world.

Here is how the sun is described in one of the riddles:

Rolling in the sky

Smiles in the morning

Very hot. ”

This riddle is full of sensations, sounds, mood. It contributes to the education of aesthetic feelings in children. And how develops the imagination! Such puzzles help to take a different look at the most common in this world: the sun, a flower, a butterfly. Kids like to guess riddles. They have the joy and the process, and the result. Making riddles, you teach a child to reason, draw conclusions and prove his point of view.

The most important advantage of riddles is that they develop thinking and, accordingly, help us raise a kid with an interesting and intelligent person, and quite naturally - playfully. In order for the child to give the correct answer, he must remember: where did he "see it", what does it look like, what color is it or what size. So, the thinking process is coming!

The more mysteries you make about one thing, the more fully the baby will learn it.

For example, onion riddles:

  • "Does not beat, does not scold, and makes you cry"
  • "Green bird in the ground laid egg"
  • “A woman is sitting on the beds, all in patches.

Whoever looks, everyone cries. "

The first riddle speaks of such a distinctive quality of the bow as its ability to cause tears, the second that it is planted in the ground and grows in a special way, and the third one about its appearance.

How many interesting baby learns! After all, riddles are full of cognitive meaning, contain a lot of information about the world.

Ask your baby to solve riddles to you. Thus, you will practice his memory and "check" how attentively he listened to you.

So, using a riddle, you can easily and naturally teach your child to think logically, to look for solutions, to reason, to analyze independently, to feel the rhythm. You will help develop aesthetic and poetic flair, memory, imagination and speech.

Many puzzles have an important quality. They develop a sense of humor. And the kids love not only to guess riddles, but also to guess them to their mom, dad, grandmother or their buddies. But you need to remember not only the riddle itself, but also the answer. So, puzzles develop children's memory. And do it unobtrusively and fun. Sooner or later, the kid will want to invent his own riddle. And this in turn is a very useful exercise for the development of creative thinking, fantasy, imagination.

Speaking about all sorts of riddles, one can not forget the wonderful rhymes of A. Shibaev from the series “The letter got lost”. Many mothers and fathers will surely remember these funny lines from their childhood. They were printed on the pages of the magazine "Funny Pictures". And, of course, it will be an unforgivable omission if we do not introduce our kids to them. It makes sense to offer such riddles to children who already know the letters and are able to emit separate sounds in words. These funny poems will convey to the baby an important thought: each letter should stand in its place. Sometimes the replacement of just one letter in a word completely changes the meaning of not only the word itself, but the whole phrase turns into ridiculous nonsense. This is the same game as B. Zakhoder's poem "The Whale and the Cat." Just rearranged the letters, but it turned out that the cat swims in the ocean, and the whale drinks milk from the saucer and meows on the roof.

Composing your own riddles is no less interesting and useful than guessing them. Such creative work teaches the child to speak brightly, briefly and figuratively, it helps to find similarities between dissimilar things, to see a familiar object or phenomenon from a new, unusual side. You can literally write riddles about everything. You can start on the most ordinary walk: "Small, gray, jumping over the branches and tweeting." Of course, this is a sparrow. Such descriptive riddles are quite capable of writing to children from the age of three. The more we guess and write riddles with the baby, the better it develops, the more information it assimilates. So, dear mothers and fathers, more mysteries are good and different!

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How to teach children to guess riddles?

The first group of puzzles - The most simple descriptions of objects. At first, these are objects of the immediate environment.

This item has 4 legs, a square seat and a back. Name the subject.

For an older child, information is added: the item can be made of wood, plastic, metal. In essence, this is a descriptive story. And according to the description, the child must find the object itself.

Older guys have their favorite rhyme riddles:

The river is a big fight.

This fight is due to ... (cancer)

Often children live in a very narrow world, excluding the most ordinary objects. Such tasks stretch the mind, activating observation.

The second group of puzzles - very similar to the previous one. But information about the hidden subject is much less. For example,

It grows in water.

He is loved everywhere.

Suitable for pilaf,

To guess the riddle, an elementary analysis is needed, which the kid can use to teach.

  1. Unknown item.
  2. What do we know about him? It grows in water.
  3. What grows in water? Grass, fish.
  4. What else do we know? Porridge cooked from this subject.
  5. Fish fit? Not.
  6. Another pilaf is cooked from it. What do you need for pilaf? Fig.
  7. Is rice growing in water? Yes.
  8. Hence, an unknown item --ris!

That otgadka found. Only it is necessary to teach the child to reason and ask questions. This can be facilitated by the game below.

Game Lucho Rodiche "Guess"

As the author himself argued, good results from her for

  1. intelligence,
  2. the accumulation of cultural baggage.

One player thinks of some object. The rest must guess it by asking questions. Answer only "Yes" or "No".

So that the interest in the game is not lost, the guys need to be shown how to ask questions correctly. We read the verse.

  • I guessed the subject.
  • Is this a watering can?
  • Not.
  • Not a watering can?
  • Not.
  • It's a cat?
  • Not.
  • Maybe a button?
  • Not.
  • So, cork?
  • Not.
  • I can not find the answer.

Then we ask the children why the subject was not guessed? Because they asked the wrong questions. The meaning of the questions: to learn about the subject of maximum information.

We show how to ask questions correctly in order to guess the riddle.

The boy made the word "goat".

  1. Subject alive? Yes.
  2. Is this a man? Not.
  3. This animal? Yes.
  4. Wild animal? Not.
  5. Pet? Yes.
  6. Live with a man? Not.
  7. Live in a barn? Yes.
  8. Gives milk? Yes.
  9. Is that a cow? Not.
  10. Is that a goat? Yes.

For older children and schoolchildren, the rules of the game are gradually becoming more complex:

  1. limited to the number of questions asked
  2. complicate the objects.

A riddle about a chair could look like this in this perspective.

They play mother and child. The child thinks of the subject. Condition: in the first game, the item must be within sight. Suppose the child made the word "chair". Mom asks questions:

  1. Subject alive? Not.
  2. I see him? Yes.
  3. Is it wooden? Yes.
  4. He has four legs? Yes.
  5. Do they eat it? Not.
  6. Are they sleeping on it? Not.
  7. Are they sitting on it? Yes.
  8. Is this a chair? Not.
  9. This is a chair? Yes

Then mom and baby change roles. If the child is at a loss (and he will be at a loss) with the formulation of questions, it is necessary to help.

The third group of puzzles - riddles with comparisons and figurative sense. It’s hard for a kid to guess the riddles of such a property - there’s not enough knowledge. Without an adult here can not cope!

Here we have such a dialogue with a six-year-old citizen about the riddle:

Tablecloth is white all over the land wore. (Snow)

  • What does the riddle say? About the tablecloth.
  • Does mom have a tablecloth at home? Yes.
  • Why is it needed? Table set.
  • Is the tablecloth very large, enough for the whole earth? No (laughs).
  • So this is a real tablecloth covered the whole earth? Not.
  • And what is similar to a tablecloth on the ground?
  • Snow!

The most important thing in guessing riddles is not how quickly the riddle will be guessed. The main thing is that the baby was looking for a solution, pondering.

Learn to teach preschoolers riddles. Site Non-standard children wish you success!

What are the functions of the puzzle can be identified?

  • As it was written above, when solving riddles, thinking, logic,
  • Formed speech
  • The child becomes observant,
  • There is a thirst for knowledge
  • Puzzles often have a double meaning, so another function is to develop creative abilities,
  • Intelligence improves
  • After some time, after actively solving such logical problems, the child will be able to invent similar ones.

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