The essence of the method is the calculation of days optimal for planning pregnancy. During this period, the woman either refuses sex or pays more attention to contraception. Days after and before ovulation are considered less dangerous in terms of conceiving a child.
To accurately identify the duration of the menstrual cycle, a woman needs at least 6 months. If the cycle is unstable, then the calendar method of calculating dangerous days does not apply. In other cases, the definition of a dangerous date is as follows:
- According to the results of 6 monthly observations revealed the shortest and longest menstrual cycle (the period between the appearance of monthly bleeding).
- From the duration of the shortest cycle, for example, 26 days subtract 18 (get 8). From the 8th day from the onset of menstruation, the risk of conceiving a child increases.
- From the longest cycle, for example, 31 subtract the number 11 (get 20). From the 20th day the probability of fertilization of the egg decreases.
- According to calculations, a woman with such a cycle is recommended to be more vigilant in the period from the 8th to the 20th day of the monthly cycle.
Basal Temperature Measurement
This method is considered to be more reliable than calculating safe days on a calendar. A woman needs to take a daily measurement of the indicator for 3 months. Rectal temperature is measured in the morning, immediately after sleep. The average rectal temperature before ovulation is 36.5 - 37 degrees. During the maturation of the egg, this value increases by 0.2 - 0.4 degrees. In order not to get pregnant during ovulation, you should use contraception.
Ovulation tests can be purchased at the pharmacy. Women with a regular cycle tests are recommended to be carried out in the middle of the cycle (17 days before the start of the next menstruation).
Example: With a menstrual cycle of 28 days, the measurement should be carried out on the 11th day after the start of the monthly period. With a cycle of 32 days, testing is performed on day 15.
With a non-constant cycle, the calculation is carried out, focusing on the shortest period of time between menstruations. With significant delays, an ovulation test will not make sense.
The main stages of testing:
- Collect urine in a clean, dry container.
- Autopsy test.
- Putting the strip into the container for a few seconds.
- Score result in 10 minutes.
Interrupted intercourse (PPA)
This method of preventing pregnancy is considered the most popular. The essence of the technique is that the partner removes the penis from the partner before ejaculation.
PPA does not guarantee 100% protection from conceiving a child. The fact is that the lubricant produced during intimacy also contains a small amount of active "tadpoles".
If intimacy continues after PPA, the probability of conceiving a child increases. After ejaculation, seminal fluid remains on the surface of the penis and with repeated intercourse can get into the woman's vagina.
To prevent pregnancy, some women use douching. The method does not require material costs, but is characterized by low indicators of efficiency. Frequent douches have a negative effect on the vaginal microflora. The essence of the procedure is that after the completed act, about a liter of water is injected into the vagina to flush out the seminal fluid.
Instead of boiled water for douching use lemon juice, which has a disastrous effect on the "tadpoles". The procedure is as follows:
- fingers are dipped into lemon juice and then injected deep into the vagina,
- the action is repeated 3-4 times
- after 2-3 hours they are washed away.
Hot water does not contribute to the death of sperm inside the woman. Therefore, women who take a bath after intercourse, can not protect themselves from unwanted pregnancy.
This method is more suitable for a strong half of humanity. It is known that sperm cannot be produced at high temperatures. Hot baths, a visit to the sauna or wearing tight underwear has a detrimental effect on sperm production. The sperm cell viability rates decrease if a man has flu that is accompanied by hyperthermia of the body.
Spermicidal lubricants - female contraception. The active substance of the lubricant kills the sperm within 1 minute. This speed of lubrication is due to the rapid movement of spermatozoa: 2 minutes after they enter the vagina, they are able to reach the fallopian tubes.
The probability of protection against pregnancy when using spermicidal lubricants is 80%. Gynecologists do not recommend this method as the main means of contraception. To increase the effectiveness of lubricants, it is recommended to use them together with oral contraceptives.
The method is suitable for women who are not recommended to take COCs or to install intrauterine devices. A condom gives you almost a 100% guarantee against the onset of an unwanted pregnancy. In addition, it protects partners from STDs.
Hormonal tablets prevent ovulation of the egg. In this case, the menstrual bleeding in a woman does not stop. After taking the COC, the follicle stops growing, in which the female germ cell matures. Because of this, ovulation does not occur, and, accordingly, pregnancy does not occur.
All drugs in this group are divided into mono, two-and three-phase. Drugs of the first group contain hormones estrogen and progesterone in a constant amount, regardless of the cycle (Femoden, Regulon). Bivocase COCs contain estrogen in a constant amount and varying levels of progesterone (Anteovin). The amount of hormone in the drug varies depending on the phase of the menstrual cycle. In three-phase contraceptives the level of hormones is constantly changing (Trisilest, Trilen).
For permanent admission, women are prescribed a “21 + 7” regimen: 3 weeks of taking the drug and 1 week of rest. Recently, the 24 + 4 scheme has become widespread. During a break, women may experience minor uterine bleeding.
The term of operation of uterine spirals makes 5 years. The spiral stimulates the contraction of the fallopian tubes, through which the egg moves at the time of ovulation. Because of this, the genital cell does not have time to meet with the sperm. If fertilization occurs, the embryo will not be able to attach to the endometrium of the uterus due to the lack of structural changes necessary for the onset of pregnancy.
Despite its high efficacy, intrauterine contraception has several disadvantages:
- does not protect a woman from sexually transmitted infections
- increases the risk of infection by infectious diseases,
- increases the likelihood of ectopic pregnancy.
The technique is not suitable for permanent protection against pregnancy. The use of drugs in this group is intended for "emergency cases", for example, when a condom breaks.
Contraceptives must be drunk within 3 days of sexual intercourse. The later the drug is taken, the greater the chance of conceiving a child. Preparations of emergency action, depending on the components, are divided into 2 groups:
- Funds with levonorgestrel - Eskapel, Eskinor-F, Postinor. One tablet contains 750 μg of the active ingredient. After intercourse, take 2 tablets with a time interval of 12 hours.
- Combined funds - Regulon, Mikroginon. This method of contraception is considered undesirable, since estrogen-progestin drugs have a large number of contraindications and side effects. For the purpose of emergency protection against pregnancy, women are prescribed 4 tablets after 12 hours.
Implants for contraception are not prescribed to women who have not born, because after their use, the functioning of the ovaries is impaired. The essence of the method is that cylindrical capsules are subcutaneously implanted into the patient. From these capsules, a certain dose of hormones periodically enters the woman’s body.
Term use of hormonal implants - 5 years. Under the action of hormones, the mucus thickens in the cervical canal and the structure of the endometrium of the uterus changes. Because of this, the fertilized egg will not be able to successfully transplant to the membranes of the reproductive organ.
In gynecology, 2 types of implants are used:
- Norplant-1. Consists of 6 capsules and is designed for 5 years of use.
- Norplant -2. Consists of 3 capsules, designed for 3 years.
Products are made from the same materials as male condoms. It is a tube equipped with rings on both sides. These rings prevent sperm from entering the vagina.
You need to know the basic rules for using the tool:
- The condom is installed in the vagina for 8 hours before intimacy.
- The product is opened gently to minimize the risk of compromising integrity.
- The condom is inserted into the vagina with the thumb and index finger. The inner ring of the product is compressed so that it acquires an elongated shape.
- A large ring covers the area of the entrance to the vagina.
- The condom is removed immediately after the end of sexual intercourse. Its outer edge is twisted so as to prevent the semen from flowing out.
The composition of the contraceptive candles include chemical components that destroy the structure of the sperm. As a result of this, the "tadpole" becomes unable to move. There are 2 types of candles depending on the active ingredients:
- Preparations based on benzalkonium chloride - Pharmatex, Erotex. Contribute to the thickening of cervical mucus and destroy sperm in 10 seconds.
- Nonoxynol-based preparations - Patenteks, Oval. Possess antiviral action and destroy sperm in 40 seconds.
To increase the effectiveness of candles follow several rules:
- do not wash off 3 hours after using suppositories,
- inject candles 10 minutes before closeness,
- before each act use new suppositories,
- Wash the vagina with plenty of water when itching and irritating from using candles.
Contraceptive is a small piece of adhesive tape (5 to 4 cm). A woman fixes a patch to any part of the body. The degree of reliability from the use of funds is 99.4%.
The active substances of the plates inhibit the function of the pituitary gland, which leads to disruption of egg maturation in the follicle. Also, the drug increases the viscosity of cervical mucus and reduces the susceptibility of the uterine endometrium during implantation of the ovum.
Having unprotected sex after attaching the patch is possible only for 2 days. During this time, the concentration of hormones in the blood reaches the required level.
Individual features of female physiology
Sexually involved partners (even without effective contraception) are surprised by fertilization. But mother nature works diligently to ensure the process of reproduction, when the chances are not as great as that of married couples. On the contrary, they often wonder - why didn’t it happen to get pregnant during ovulation?
There are various reasons, there may be pathology and elementary incompatibility of the biological environment of partners. There is a neutral, acidic and alkaline environment that is affected by thrush and viral diseases. Even healthy couples can not always conceive a child immediately after the wedding. Without protection, this happens in 25-35% of newlyweds (in different regions).
Some men are desperately looking for a woman who is ready to give birth to them, agree to provide and take care of them, but conception does not occur. They go to the survey, take the semen for analysis, which confirms its activity and vitality, but there is no result. They also ask on the forums: “Why couldn’t you get pregnant in ovulation if both were not protected?”
But this can only talk, going through options. There is no exact answer than nature did not please them. Adherents of occult practices profit from such clients, suspecting a "curse" or "damage." But they are denied by medicine, which is ready to explain everything from the point of view of physiology:
- errors in ovulation counts (sometimes early and late),
- endometritis or endometriosis (pathology of the inner wall of the uterus),
- adhesions in the fallopian tubes,
- oncology and tumor formation in the female organs,
- weak uterus,
- hard uterus neck,
- low resilience of male semen
- other incompatibility factors.
When there are no children, and they appear in another marriage, people say that "they were not (or were) a couple chosen from above." Sometimes men drop out to a spouse who has not become pregnant for several months during ovulation. Perhaps there were errors in the calculations.
In medicine, described exceptional cases, for example, when intimate relationships were 1-2 times - on the eve of menstruation and immediately after them. At the same time, the couple acquired a child, although the spouses lived in different countries, without the possibility of visiting each other.
Is it possible not to get pregnant in ovulation without contraception?
On the monthly weak half of humanity looks like an unpleasant periodicity, but this is the main method to calculate the days of ovulation. It is during this period that fertilization takes place. Men make fun of women about “there are periods - bad, no periods - even worse, even the Creator did not please the ladies”.
This feature really irritates women of the fertile period or “childbearing age”, not puzzled by the extension of the race. The time of the next ovulation comes - “how not to get pregnant?”, This is what interests all women who do not know how to effectively protect themselves.
Attention: For conception, a period of 3-5 days is considered favorable in the middle of the period between the beginning of menstruation. There are deviations due to the individual characteristics of the female and male body. Perhaps the reason is not a woman. Purely masculine factor - weak sperm activity and short duration of the seed.
The probability of conceiving a child determines not only the day of ovulation, but a number of physiological factors that the doctor is able to identify. According to statistics, only 33% of sexual acts without contraception on the days of ovulation can result in pregnancy. And then, if conception is favored by hormones and a relatively young age of partners.
The goal reaches only one "tailed zinger" of 200-300 million. Maybe no one has time for his short life - from 2 hours to 6 days. The distance to an egg cell, if its size is projected onto human standards, is almost like a geographical point in another region or country. Therefore, the chances of not getting pregnant with ovulation are as great as getting pregnant. The egg cell lives 12-24 hours, then decomposes, without waiting for intercourse. Did not work - try again!
How not to get pregnant with ovulation: the main methods of contraception
Sex life may eventually lead to an unwanted pregnancy. The best time to conceive a child is ovulation in women. How not to get pregnant during ovulation? There are many ways to prevent this condition.
Method number 1 - is there any possibility of getting pregnant?
Sometimes a woman makes a lot of effort to get pregnant, but due to the individual characteristics of the body, conception cannot occur in principle. This happens when the uterus is folded, tube obstruction, and other diseases. Many girls get pregnant is not so easy, and some will not be able to conceive a child.
Method number 2 - calculate dangerous days
The method is based on counting the days in which there is an increased risk of conception. During ovulation, which lasts 1-2 days, ideal conditions for conception are created in the body of a woman. The remaining days are less dangerous. It remains only to find out which days the ovulation will take place. There are several reliable methods for this.
Requires regular counting of the menstrual cycle for six months. If the cycle is somewhat stable, this protection method is suitable for use.
First you need to know the duration of the shortest and longest cycle.
- From the duration of the shortest cycle, subtract 18. For example, subtract from 25 18. Therefore, from the 7th day of the cycle, the probability of conception increases sharply.
- From the duration of the longest cycle should be subtracted 11. For example, subtract from 30 11. Therefore, from the 19th day of the cycle the probability of conception decreases sharply.
- According to our approximate calculations, from the 7th to the 19th day of the monthly cycle there remains a high probability of conception.
Basal Temperature Measurement Method
Несколько точнее календарного способа и требует регулярных измерений и подсчетов. In this case, it is necessary to measure the basal temperature in the rectum for a long period. This is done in the morning immediately after waking up. It is known that before ovulation, the basal temperature is 36.6-36.9 degrees. At the time of ovulation, it increases by 0.3-0.4 degrees. Starting from the day of ovulation, you should begin to protect yourself using barrier contraceptive methods.
Less accurate than the previous two, and based on the objective sensations of the girl, such as pain in the ovaries, increased libido, the appearance of transparent discharge.
By their principle, they are similar to pregnancy tests. The main difference is that tests should be done daily until ovulation occurs, when the test clearly shows two bars.
Method number 3 - interrupted sexual intercourse
The method of interrupting sexual intercourse is one of the most common methods of contraception, which consists in the fact that during sexual intercourse a man removes a member from the vagina until the moment of ejaculation. The method has its drawbacks: some sperm may be present in the lubricant. In addition, when re-contacting the remnants of semen can get from the head or urethra into the vagina.
Method number 4 - douching
It is proved that spermatozoa very quickly die in an acidic environment. Vaginal douching with lemon juice, vinegar essence and other solutions are also a means of unwanted pregnancy. Like other methods of contraception, douching has its drawbacks - there is a risk of burning the vaginal mucosa, and the reliability of the method leaves much to be desired.
Method number 8 - lubricant as a contraceptive
For the sharpness of sensations and with a lack of natural lubrication in a girl, some couples successfully use artificial lubricants - lubricants. Lubricants and lubricants themselves interfere with the normal functioning of sperm, but if you use a lubricant with a contraceptive effect, the probability of pregnancy is significantly reduced.
Method number 9 - a condom
Condom is the most reliable contraceptive. In addition to contraception, it guarantees effective protection against dangerous sexually transmitted diseases. The only disadvantage of a condom is a slight decrease in sensation during intimacy. But are the brighter sensations of contact worth risking health or getting an unwanted pregnancy?
Method number 10 - hormonal contraception
A good alternative to a condom is the method of hormonal contraception, which consists in taking daily pills that block the production of mature eggs. Simply put, ovulation does not occur. 3-4 weeks after the end of the medication, the reproductive function is restored. Before you start taking, you need to consult a doctor.
Method number 11 - intrauterine contraceptives
Intrauterine contraceptives (spirals) are inserted into the cervix, which reduces the likelihood of conception to a minimum. The spiral is introduced for a period of 2 to 5 years, while the probability of avoiding pregnancy is very high. Disadvantages of the method: the probability of ectopic pregnancy, the risk of provoking erosion or inflammatory processes.
Method number 12 - emergency interruption of conception
It often happens that a single unprotected contact ends in conception. In this case, it is possible to interrupt conception with the help of special preparations that are guaranteed to cause the menstrual cycle, thereby interrupting conception. To use such a "killer" hormonal drug should be as little as possible.
Method number 13 - hormonal injections
This method of contraception is similar to taking hormone pills. The main difference is that you do not need to take pills every day, one procedure is enough. The following should be done in a few months. Injections are better for women who have already given birth. There is a disadvantage to the method - in order to conceive a child, you will have to wait until the end of the drug action time.
Method number 19 - contraceptive patch
The effectiveness of this modern means is about 99%. The patch that prevents conception, is glued to the stomach, buttocks or on the back. The effect of the patch is maintained for 1 week, then in the next 2 weeks new patches are glued, and during the menstruation it is no longer necessary to glue the contraceptive.
Method number 20 - abstinence
All the mentioned methods of contraception will not give a 100% guarantee, but there is a method that guarantees this - refraining from intimacy. Before you engage in unprotected sex, you need to think 10 times how this can end, and whether it is worth it ...
How to protect yourself from pregnancy during casual sex
The most reliable, cheap and easy way to protect yourself from pregnancy and other problems with casual sex is to use a condom. But if the act was unprotected, it is necessary to use an emergency contraceptive — Postinor or Ginepriston.
If the question “what to do to avoid getting pregnant” is still relevant for you, try folk remedies for an unwanted pregnancy. These include interrupted sexual intercourse, douching or washing away after intercourse. Creating an unfavorable environment for sperm in the vagina also helps in this regard. For example, after taking a hot sit-bath after making love with the addition of a mustard powder solution (based on 1 liter of boiling water and 1 spoon of powder), a woman can be sure that she will not become pregnant. High temperatures affect sperm.
In conclusion, we give the floor to doctors. What do they say about how to protect against unwanted pregnancy?
Hormonal contraception is the most popular and effective way to prevent unplanned pregnancy.
- Combination drugs containing estrogen and progestin (Rigavidon, Tri-Regol, Marvelon, Femoden, etc.).
- "Mini-pili" - drugs with progestin (Microlut, Exluton, etc.).
The action of these drugs is based on the following processes:
- suppression of ovulation (the egg does not mature and does not come out),
- thickening of mucus secreted in the cervix, does not allow sperm to pass,
- a change in the uterine mucosa, as a result of which the fertilized egg is not able to gain a foothold on it,
- decrease in motor activity of sperm in the fallopian tubes.
Thus, various stages of pregnancy are blocked: from the maturation of the egg to its fertilization and attachment to the uterus. Due to this, the efficiency of the method reaches 99.9%.
Such a strong effect of drugs can cause a number of side effects. Nausea, vomiting, headaches, edema, vaginal secretions, irritability, depression, acne, decreased sexual desire and weight gain may occur.
Contraindications include the presence of malignant tumors in the mammary glands and genitals, vascular diseases of the brain, venous thromboembolism, unrecognized acyclic vaginal bleeding, migraine, hereditary hyperlipidemia.
Among the advantages of hormonal contraception in the first place is its effectiveness. In addition, these drugs have a number of positive effects: they reduce the likelihood of ectopic fastening of the ovum, prevent the formation and spread of inflammatory processes in the genital organs, prevent the development of tumors, restore the menstrual cycle, reduce pain during menstruation.
Hormonal agents are convenient to use, they are available and are available in a wide range in most pharmacies. The possibility of conception is restored 2 months after the cancellation of the tablets.
The disadvantage of the hormonal contraceptive method is the presence of contraindications, side effects. Long-term use or overdose can lead to disturbances in the work of the cardiovascular system, an increase in the risk of developing hypertension, atherosclerotic changes, and blockage of blood vessels.
Effective method is only when taking daily pills, therefore, requires constant monitoring. In addition, do not forget that hormonal drugs do not protect against infections. Read more about hormonal contraception →
This intrauterine contraceptive device is a T-shaped device made of copper and plastic. The action of the helix is based on the inhibition of the movement of spermatozoa into the uterus, reducing the period of viability of the egg and preventing its attachment to the mucous membrane of the uterus after fertilization. The effectiveness of the method is more than 95%.
The undoubted advantage of the intrauterine device is that it is easy to use: no additional actions are required from the woman, the gynecologist installs it in 1 time. The spiral starts to "work" immediately after the installation procedure. Moreover, if a woman wants to get pregnant, you will not need to wait for some time as when taking hormonal drugs. The ability to conceive resumes immediately after the removal of the IUD.
The intrauterine device is a reliable way to protect against unwanted pregnancy during breastfeeding. It does not affect the production of milk and its composition. Does not affect sexual activity, not felt by the woman or her partner.
The disadvantages of the intrauterine device include:
- the presence of contraindications (blood diseases, detection of pretumor processes in the cervix, tumors in the genitals, a history of ectopic pregnancy, injuries of the cervix during labor),
- installation by not giving birth is not recommended, as there is a risk of inflammation and subsequent infertility,
- after the installation procedure - discomfort, possible the appearance of bleeding,
- pregnancy occurs in 5-10% of cases, often - ectopic,
- The IUD does not protect against infections and, when infected, increases inflammation,
- The risk of inflammation due to injury to the walls of the uterus spiral.
- This method of contraception is most suitable for women who have given birth, including nursing women who have a regular partner.
Other contraceptive methods
Hormonal contraceptives, condoms, the intrauterine device and interrupted sexual intercourse are the most common methods of protection from unwanted pregnancy.
The following options are less popular:
- Female barrier methods: vaginal diaphragm, cervical cap, contraceptive sponge. All of them have the same advantages and disadvantages as condoms: effective, accessible, protect against genital infections, but require certain manipulations before sexual intercourse. In addition, unlike condoms, women's barrier methods have contraindications (mainly gynecological diseases).
- Chemical methods. Spermicides inactivate sperm and prevent it from entering the vagina. Easy to use, provide a certain degree of protection against genital infections, can be used both independently and in combination with other methods. Disadvantages: not a high degree of protection against pregnancy (16 cases out of 100).
- Biological methods (calendar, temperature, cervical, symptothermal). Based on the identification of days of the cycle in which the fertility of women is increased and abstinence during these periods from sexual intercourse. Depending on the correctness of the application of methods, the efficiency ranges from 60% (assessment of cervical mucus) to 99% (determination of temperature). The absolute benefits include the safety and availability of biological methods. They have no contraindications, side effects, do not require material costs. The disadvantage is the complexity of the measurements, the need to constantly monitor the characteristics of the body, requires accuracy in the calculations with the calendar method. The biological method does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases is not always effective.
- Sterilization (surgical method) is the most effective, but irreversible method of contraception. With proper procedure, the efficiency is 100%. Advantages: does not require constant monitoring, material costs, refers to the natural methods. Disadvantages: contraception is irreversible, postoperative complications may develop, there are contraindications. More about sterilization →
Today, there are several effective methods of contraception. The choice of the best option should be made taking into account the advantages and disadvantages of each of them.
Author: Olga Khanova, doctor,
specifically for Mama66.ru
Protection during ovulation
How not to get pregnant during ovulation? The pharmacological industry offers many remedies. Each of them has its own rules of use and effectiveness. It is necessary to consider in more detail all having contraceptives.
The method is suitable for women who are not recommended to take COCs or to install intrauterine devices. A condom gives you almost a 100% guarantee against the onset of an unwanted pregnancy. In addition, it protects partners from STDs.
The probability of conception on the day of ovulation with an interrupted act
Many girls are interested in, is it possible to get pregnant during ovulation with an interrupted act? The issue of contraception during ovulation is very serious.
Ovulation is the period when an egg can meet with a sperm cell, leading to fertilization. At the time when this process occurs, it is very difficult to protect against pregnancy.
Consider the probability of becoming pregnant with an interrupted act during the period of ovulation.
Conception risk with interrupted intercourse
Modern medicine offers many methods of contraception. In order to understand how effective the folk method is - interrupted sexual intercourse - you need to compare different options for protection:
- Condom. If the condom is worn correctly, it has not broken, then it will protect the girl from pregnancy 100%. But a number of errors on the part of men who may misuse a condom, leads to a decrease in the effectiveness of contraception. Given the small percentage of those who violate the rules of use and are faced with pregnancy, the effectiveness of the condom is 95%.
- Intrauterine device. According to various sources, the effectiveness of this method is 80-90%. The problem is that this percentage decreases if the device is installed incorrectly or if the girl's uterus has undergone various infections and inflammations. Therefore, this method of protection is usually used together with other methods - condoms or interrupted sexual intercourse.
- Hormonal oral pills are contraceptive. According to different reviews, the effectiveness of tablets is from 50 to 100%. The lack of pills is that they act correctly only if the doctor (or the patient himself) ideally picked up the medication and chose the optimal frequency of administration. Even with small errors (incorrect dosage of the drug, skipping days of taking, etc.) there is a high chance of conception. However, many girls use this method for years and do not become pregnant.
- Interrupted intercourse. This method is the least effective. Among girls with unwanted pregnancies in the first place are those who were protected by an interrupted act.
Important. The chance to conceive a child during ovulation with the fourth method of contraception is very high due to the fact that, contrary to popular belief, sperm leave the penis not only after ejaculation.
Zygotes are allocated and together with the lubricant, which occurs at the very beginning of sexual intercourse. And although zygotes that penetrate the vagina with lubrication are often inactive and cannot fertilize an egg, in rare cases they can still lead to pregnancy.
The second reason why the probability of becoming pregnant on the day of ovulation with an interrupted act is very high is that it is very difficult to control ejaculation time. Sometimes men late realize that a seed eruption will now occur.
And there are times when they are aware of this in time, but because of a bad reaction or just inhibition, they pull the penis out of the vagina too late.
As a result, the spermatozoa penetrate the female genitals, and the most active ones are the first erupted zygotes, they have the greatest viability. They most often fertilize female sex zygotes.
With an interrupted act, the probability of pregnancy during ovulation is highest on the day the egg is lowered. This day (peak of ovulation) is approximately the middle of the menstrual cycle. The average cycle for girls is 28 days. It is counted from the end of the previous menstruation. If after menstruation 14 days have passed, it means that ovulation is happening now.
From the moment of the beginning of ovulation, it takes about 48 hours before sexual intercourse becomes safe again - two days after the beginning of the process (approximately on the 16th day of the cycle), the egg cell is no longer able to meet with the sperm cell.
Therefore, it is desirable to exclude sexual contact in the period from 14 to 16 days of the menstrual cycle. For some girls, the cycle has a different length - 33 or 35 days.
Тогда время овуляции нужно рассчитывать индивидуально, желательно при помощи гинеколога.
Шанс забеременеть есть и в том случае, если половой акт произошел за неделю до овуляции. Сперматозоид может сохранять активность в условиях влагалища до 7 дней. Если за 6 дней до овуляции мужская зигота попала во влагалище вместе со смазкой и сохранила жизнеспособность, то в день овуляции произойдет зачатие.
Important.So, is it possible to get pregnant with an interrupted act on the day of ovulation? Yes, and the chance is very high.
In some cases it is impossible to get pregnant with interrupted sexual intercourse
Interrupted sexual intercourse can still be an effective means of preventing pregnancy if it is combined with other methods of contraception. The most popular way is to combine condoms and interrupt the act.
When combining you need to consider some features:
- Condom must be worn at the very beginning of the vicinity. If you use it only before ejaculation, then there is a risk of conception.
- You can not wear a condom with insufficient diameter for the penis. Such a contraceptive will rupture, which will lead to the penetration of lubricant into the vagina, along with active male zygotes. Also it is impossible to use expired products, condoms with obvious external violations, rejected.
- If a man first put the condom inside out, you can not turn it over and put it on again. In this case, the lubricant, along with the dangerous sperm, eventually ends up in the vagina. If the contraceptive was dressed inside out, you should throw it out and take a new one.
- It is strictly forbidden, after the condom has been removed, to reintroduce the penis into the vagina, without first washing off the seed. It is desirable to limit sexual intercourse without protection within 12 hours after ejaculation. At this time, active sperm may still remain in the urogenital canals, which will lead to conception.
In order to be safe, you need to calculate the period of ovulation and try not to get into at least a two-day period, and preferably within a period of 7 days before ovulation. You also need to use a quality contraceptive (not a Chinese brand, not expired, in holistic packaging) and interrupt intimacy shortly before ejaculation.
The probability of conception on the day of ovulation with the interrupted act Link to main publication
Can I get pregnant with an interrupted act during ovulation
Among the majority of couples living for a long time together, the most common way to prevent the interruption of sexual intercourse (PPA). Often girls are interested in how such a method can protect against pregnancy.
Particularly acute is the question whether it is possible to use interrupted sexual intercourse, immediately before or on the day of ovulation, because this is the most favorable time for conception, and few methods of protection are able to protect.
Ppa before ovulation
Interrupted sexual intercourse is a natural method of contraception, based on a violation (interruption) of the termination of sexual contact before ejaculation. Thus, ejaculation occurs outside the genitals of a woman. To conceive did not happen, much depends on the man - the speed, the ability to feel the approach of ejaculation.
Most people think that if a man had time to remove a member from the vagina, conception will not occur. However, this is not always the case, since there are some pitfalls here, which will be discussed further.
Ovulation is the period when the egg is ready to meet with the spermatozoon, and it is quite difficult to prevent it from doing so. Sometimes even the strongest contraceptive can not prevent this process. After all, it is enough just one zinger who has reached the goal, and the conception is accomplished.
During the interruption of the PA, there is no 100% guarantee that no sperm will enter the vagina. Therefore, on the day when ovulation is due, unprotected sex, including PPA, is not worth doing.
The most dangerous thing to do is PPA on the eve of ovulation. After all, the passage of sperm to the venue requires time, which takes about 1-3 days. It turns out that if you engage in sexual intercourse 2 days before ovulation, then just before the day of the release of the cell, the “slipped” spermatozoa will reach it, and conception will take place.
Even doctors recommend those who wish to become pregnant to conceive on the eve of ovulation, calculating the estimated day of its beginning with the help of a calendar.
If there is a desire to do PA before conception, it is better to do it without protection approximately 7–8 days before the day of ovulation. If such a desire came a couple later, it is better to take measures more reliably than interrupting the PA.
During the ovulatory period, the egg leaves the ovary and travels to the uterus. Its vitality is 48 hours. If you have sex in this time period, the probability of fertilization is as high as possible.
It is better to forget about PPA during ovulation, since a certain amount of sperm is also present in the lubricant. And in 1 ml of seminal fluid contains several billion sperm. If at least one meeting of the egg occurs, pregnancy is inevitable.
The vitality of sperm is 7 days, so the cause of an unexpected pregnancy can even be a PA, last a week before the ovulatory period.
Repeatous PA is especially dangerous at this time, since in the urethra, as well as in the folds of the male member, there are spermatozoa left after previous intercourse. They can cause fertilization.
A chance in the period of ovulation, about 3-6 days before it or 1 day after the highest.
Therefore, if there is no desire to acquire offspring for the time being, it is better to be protected by the most effective means of contraception these days, and not to tempt fate.
In the video you can see the story of the doctor about the reasons for conception with the interrupted PA:
Is it possible to get pregnant if the act is interrupted with a condom
So far, the condom is the most reliable method of protection, so it is recommended to use it together with interrupted sexual intercourse during ovulation.
This method of protection is often ignored, since most couples do not like muffled sensations during intercourse - sensitivity decreases with a condom.
And in the case of using it together with the PPA sometimes make mistakes, leading subsequently to conception.
In order to avoid pregnancy, a condom should be combined with PPA, following certain rules:
- Wear a condom should be before the start of intercourse, and not just before ejaculation. After all, the preseminal fluid may contain some active sperm.
- Be sure to choose a contraceptive of the desired diameter, otherwise there is a risk that it will break.
- Look at the date of manufacture of the condom and not use defective or with external violations.
- Choose quality condoms from proven brands to avoid purchasing unreliable goods that may burst.
- If a woman is weakly aroused, she does not have enough lubrication, which leads to vaginal dryness. In this case, the friction of the condom against its wall can lead to rupture of the contraceptive. Therefore, it is better to use a gel for lubrication.
- If initially the contraceptive is put inside out, then it is impossible to “change” it, since the lubricant with the sperm present in it has already fallen on the material. It is better to throw out and put on a new one.
- After removing the condom, it is categorically impossible to reintroduce the penis into the vagina for the next 12 hours. After all, even if you wash a member, in the urethra there will still be sperm, which will contribute to conception.
You can not protect yourself during your period.
This is one of the most common and leading to negative consequences of myths. Menstruation is the rejection of the functional lining of the endometrium, which is excreted from a woman’s body with menstrual flow. Yes, the risk of becoming pregnant during this period is lower than, for example, in the middle of the cycle, which in theory accounts for ovulation.
However, the maturation of the egg can shift within the cycle - both for the earlier period and for the later, until the onset of menstruation.
Accordingly, engaging in unprotected sex during menstruation, you still put yourself at risk for an unplanned pregnancy, because only a gynecologist can tell with confidence whether there has already been ovulation.
A woman’s body does not always “give out” one egg cell per cycle, sometimes two matures - and at different speeds. Accordingly, the first ovulation may occur in the middle of the cycle, the second - at the end.
During menstruation, the uterus is especially at risk for various infections — one of the membranes is rejected after all. Therefore, if you and your partner have not excluded the risk of various infections, be especially attentive to methods of protection, use a condom.
Breastfeeding or lack of menstruation after childbirth does not allow you to get pregnant
This myth is the reason for the appearance of pogodok in many families. The body of women at different speeds is restored after childbirth, for some, the reproductive function improves very quickly, in just a couple of months.
Lactation does not preclude the maturation of the egg, although it slows down this process (the so-called lactational amenorrhea). Again, the different rates of recovery after childbirth do not allow one to predict exactly when the first egg after pregnancy begins to mature.
The first ovulation may occur 3–4 weeks after delivery.
To begin with, douching is not a contraceptive method. And not a method at all. It is assumed that the injection into the vagina of a weak solution of vinegar can somehow prevent pregnancy.
In fact, the sperm very quickly penetrates the uterus, and it is impossible to wash it from there. The effectiveness of douching as an STD prevention after unprotected contact has also not been proven.
But to earn a burn of the vaginal mucosa - easily.
At the moment, the most reliable means against unwanted pregnancy and STDs is a condom. But if unprotected sexual intercourse has nevertheless occurred, consult a doctor - he will select for you a post-contraceptive contraceptive and refer you to tests if there is a risk of STDs. Please note that the effectiveness of postcoital contraceptives decreases with each passing hour after intercourse.
The calendar method is a good way to protect
Well, firstly, this method does not protect against STDs. Secondly, the calendar method has extremely low efficiency. It is based on determining the date of ovulation. Sex before and after ovulation (i.e.
at the beginning and end of the cycle) is considered to be more secure in terms of unwanted pregnancy. In fact, in 40% of cases, this method does not work - as we have already written, the time of ovulation can move.
Postcoital pills can be drunk constantly, every time after sex.
This gross misconception may cost health for years to come.
The essence of the action of postcoital contraceptives is reduced to a massive strike on the hormonal system of the woman, due to which ovulation is inhibited, and the egg, if fertilization has occurred, cannot attach to the uterus.
But hormonal balance is a very fragile thing, and it can take a long time to restore the cycle after taking the pill. In addition, the kidneys and liver of a woman suffer greatly. Gynecologists do not advise taking "emergency" pills more than once every six months.
In addition, these drugs do not protect against STDs.
"From the first time it still will not work"
Oddly enough, but to hear this statement comes even from those people who already have children. Pregnancy is often the result of the coincidence of many factors (the phases of your cycle, the activity of its sperm cells, etc.) And where is the guarantee that right now, in your first sex, they will not match? Biologically there are no obstacles to pregnancy at the first sexual intercourse with a new partner.
In our studies, we try to gently touch on the topic of contraception, since the level of education of our women in this regard is completely different. But we are always happy if we can give our students useful knowledge in this important area.
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Is it possible to get pregnant during ovulation with an interrupted act
»Ovulation» Is it possible to get pregnant during ovulation with an interrupted act
The probability of becoming pregnant with PPA. Chances of becoming infected with HIV if the act is interrupted.
Interrupted sexual intercourse is a common method of contraception among couples who are long together. Having gotten closer to each other, partners are not afraid to get infected with a disease and trust each other.
In addition, men and women do not like sensations during sex with a condom.
Is it possible to get pregnant with an interrupted act?
Yes, you can even get pregnant by "pulling" the penis from the vagina before ejaculation. This is due to incorrectly chosen days and non-compliance with the rules of personal hygiene.
The most interesting thing is that the majority of marriages "on the fly" are made precisely because of the protection of interrupted sexual intercourse. Most of the women who, during their lifetime, were protected by PPA at least once were pregnant.
Why pregnancy occurs after PPA:
- The man did not remove the penis in time. A strong half of humanity is difficult to control themselves. You can be late for a split second and a drop of semen will fall into the vagina. The problem is exacerbated by premature ejaculation
- Non-compliance with personal hygiene. As practice shows, pregnancy occurs after repeated sexual intercourse. This happens because the man after the first ejaculation is bad, or did not wash the penis at all. The fact is that after ejaculation in the folds of the penis and in the urethra remains a small amount of seminal fluid, which, when re-contact with mucus gets into the vagina. It is necessary after each act to wash the penis and goes to the toilet for a small
- During ovulation, a drop of sperm is enough to get pregnant, so this method of contraception on dangerous days is not suitable.
get pregnant with interrupted act
The probability of becoming pregnant with an interrupted act
Doctors generally do not consider PPA as a method of contraception. According to studies conducted by couples up to 30 years who regularly have sex, but do not plan pregnancy, with PAP, pregnancy occurs within the first year of the relationship. Accordingly, the same figure is considered normal for partners planning children.
According to some studies, the probability of conception with PPA is 1:25. Analyze the numbers, with normal intercourse, the probability of conceiving a child is 1:10 in healthy partners. The difference is significant, but 4 out of 100 women become pregnant with PPA.
The probability of becoming pregnant with an interrupted act
Interrupted act during ovulation
The chance of getting pregnant is very high. This applies not only to the day of ovulation, but also a few days before its occurrence. Accordingly, 4 days before ovulation and 1 day after it using the PPA method, it is better not to protect oneself.
Indeed, in 1 ml of seminal fluid there are billions of sperm, and for fertilization only one is enough. In addition, during ovulation, the environment of the vagina is accompanied by pregnancy. The mucus is very viscous and viscous, it perfectly holds sperm.
In the pre-semen fluid also contains sperm, which enters the vagina. The chances of becoming a mother are very high, especially after repeated sexual intercourse, when part of the seed remains in the urethra and in the folds of the penis.
Interrupted act during ovulation
Is it possible to get HIV with an interrupted act?
- You can get HIV from any sexual contact. This is possible during anal, oral and vaginal sex. At the same time it is not necessary to “finish” in the partner.
- Not only sperm is a carrier of infections, it is mucus, the pre-seeded fluid and even the flora that is on the head of the penis.
- If you are not planning a pregnancy, and have sex with a random partner, in any case, do not use the PPA method
- Perhaps he will save from pregnancy, but you can become infected very quickly.
Such microorganisms may be contained in mucus and pre-seminal fluid:
- Mushrooms and mushrooms
- Virus cells
This is just a small list of infections that can be picked up, protected by PPA with a stranger or a random partner.
get infected with an interrupted act
VIDEO: The danger of PPA
Increasingly, the word “harmful” in relation to PAP can be heard from physicians. This is due to the incompleteness of sensations, the man has to think all the time about the time to extract the penis.
- Psychological discomfort. Partners can not fully indulge in passion. They are not liberated until the end
- The possibility of prostatitis. During the PPA, the prostate gland is not fully reduced, a portion of the sperm remains inside. This leads to stagnation and the proliferation of bacteria. 50% of men who suffer from prostatitis have had sexual contact with PPA for a long time.
- 50% of women using an interrupted act do not get an orgasm. Accordingly, the woman is irritable, all the time overworked.
- Impotence and infertility
interrupted act for a man
Is it possible to get pregnant with the interrupted act: reviews
Reviews about PPA various. Who is lucky, but someone is not very. Approximately 20 couples out of 100 practicing PAP were pregnant for 12 months after the start of a relationship.
Women note that the probability of conception increases in giving birth, since the cervical canal is open more strongly due to previous births. Accordingly, the sperm easily falls into the uterus. According to doctors, the probability of getting pregnant is 15-50%.
Accordingly, if you do not plan children, choose another method of contraception. This may be a spermicidal gel or hormonal pills.
get pregnant with interrupted act: reviews
Ни в коем случае не вступайте в незащищенный половой контакт с незнакомцами. Риск заразиться инфекцией очень высокий.
Забеременеть через презерватив – возможно ли?
Одним из самых известных защитных средств от нежелательной беременности – это презерватив. Но многих интересует вопрос: «можно ли забеременеть с презервативом?»
Its manufacturers claim that the reliability of protection is up to 99.9%. But 0.1% exists, and frequent life stories about how she got pregnant with a condom. So what's the deal?
Perhaps the reason lies in its incorrect use or poor quality product? Let's look at this issue in more detail and decide why you can get pregnant with a condom.
Talk about condom reliability
Most people, especially inexperienced young people, are 100% sure that condoms are reliable. But this is more fiction advertisers and personal beliefs.
In fact, even those instructions written on the packaging of the product - 99% protection guarantee - are deeply misleading. According to the latest statistics, the reliability of protection of condoms from unwanted pregnancies is at most 95%, and the minimum is 50%. So, the probability of getting pregnant with a condom exists and is quite high.
This is not a call to abandon the "gum", not at all. In real life, everything is much more prosaic: every second couple does not risk becoming parents, so have sex using latex protection. After all, no contraception will give a 100% guarantee of protection, unless of course it is not sterilizing one of the partners.
Protection with interrupted sexual intercourse or another "natural" method is 75%, and much less.
Yes, there are other methods and means of protection, but the condom can still protect against sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS.
With the answer to the question: “Is it possible to get pregnant by being protected by a condom?” - we figured it out. Now we need to understand the reason for such "incidents".
Perhaps a woman became pregnant with a condom through ignorance of the rules for its use. TO
It would have been such simple points, and they can “please” with two strips on the dough. The majority neglect them, and then they are surprised: “How could you get pregnant with a condom?”.
In order not to be among these “lucky ones”, we cultivate an “excellent student” in condoms.
How to choose a condom:
- One of the very first points I want to highlight is the purchase of gum. In our time, there are many selling points, but it is better to purchase goods through the pharmacy chain.
- Choose a famous brand of product that has been on the market for a long time. Let this condom company cost a lot, but the reliability of protection will be high.
- There are stories where a girl got pregnant with a condom due to improper storage. The fact is that “product number 1” (as it was called in the USSR) cannot be kept in pockets, wallets, that is, where it can be accidentally damaged.
- Need to buy a product that fits the size of a member. Having bought too small a size - it will tear, and wearing a large one - a condom will slide off the head of the penis and “hello, mother”. So do not neglect this rule.
- Did you know that the gum has a shelf life? Be sure to pay attention to the date of manufacture. Overdue latex is not the best means of protection against unwanted pregnancy.
- When opening a condom, try to avoid sharp objects. For example, leave the habit of opening the gum with your teeth.
- The instructions say that the condom should be put on a fully erect member.
- Gum is worn at the very beginning of sexual intercourse, and not in the middle, after foreplay. Excreted fluid from the penis has all the chances to contain a small amount of sperm.
- Wearing a latex product should be fingertips, nails can damage it.
- Do not use multiple products at once. Believe me, putting it on each other, you will not increase the reliability of protection, but on the contrary, increase the risk of “flying into”.
- If your partner lacks natural lubrication, you need to seek help from lubricants.
- It follows from the above, an additional lubricant should be water based. Lubricants from other substances (oil, grease) can break gum matter.
- If you do not want your woman to become pregnant with a condom, remove it immediately after orgasm. And, at the same time, you should hold the ring of the condom with your fingers so that it does not slip off the penis.
- Some "inventors" may come up with the use of a latex product twice or even three times to save money. In no case should this be done. A condom is a one-time remedy, for the next sex is to use a new gum.
- Condom should be used during any sexual contact, and not only on the alleged dangerous days.
- And, of course, many will say: "this is understandable," but we must warn. If someone from the intimate partners felt the tear of the gum, you should immediately change it to a new one.
Several causes of pregnancy
You can get pregnant with a condom through the following reasons:
- Tiny damage to the latex product, which are invisible to the usual look.
- Microcracks formed through the wrong size. Rubber bands tend to stretch, but it also tends to burst at the same time. Or a small hole forms on it, and through it a sperm cell gets its freedom.
- Natural lubrication of women should be abundant. When her lack of a woman feels discomfort, to put it mildly, and a condom on the male member may break.
- Ladies with pierce pierce latex with a pin in the hope of a safe conception. At the same time, men are neither sleep nor spirit - they are not ready to become dads or do not want to have children with this partner at all. Different reasons, the essence is the same - pregnancy because of the small hole in the condom. This method can be used by men for “domestication” of too frisky business women. This reason is inherently ridiculous, but it has a place in life, so we do not exclude it.
- And as already mentioned, a member in a state of excitement emits grease, which may have a small amount of "tailed" friends. Often, during foreplay, the male member touches the labia and leaves a lubricant that can penetrate the cherished place for fertilization.
On condoms, the light has not come together with a wedge, you can choose another type of contraception. And our time offers a lot of methods, means of protection.
Of course, not one of the methods provides a 100% guarantee, but it may be more convenient for you to use another protection against pregnancy.
However, what contraceptives will suit you, it is better to decide with your gynecologist. This rule should be followed if you want to have excellent health. And for each method there are certain rules that can not be neglected.
So, there are the following condom substitutes:
- Birth control pills. OK has a high percentage of reliability - 99%. A gift from taking these pills can be called a settlement of the cycle, the abundance of discharge, reduction of pain, if there is one. After the termination of their admission, the female body is quickly restored. But for taking oral contraceptives you need self-control, because you need to drink them every day at the same time.
- Intrauterine device. A fairly popular form of contraception. Enter it once for a long time. No need to follow the time of use, as with tablets and the percentage of the guarantee is 99.2%.
- Contraceptive patch. Glued for a long time, does not require self-control. Reliability 92%. But it can come off, the plaster can be seen in the summer, it becomes dirty.
- Diaphragm. 84% guarantee. It can be used many times with one sexual partner. The diaphragm is selected by the doctor for the individual size of the woman and, if she is gaining weight or throws off, she will need a new diaphragm.
- "Natural" method: calendar method, temperature, interrupted sexual intercourse. Yes, cheap and angry, but to the end to enjoy the act of love is not so fated. Permanent control of the body does not relax completely.
“Is it possible to get pregnant by being protected?” Everything is possible, especially without knowing the rules for using any contraceptive.
But if it still happened - you are pregnant, do not despair. Motherhood is a great gift given by mother nature, many only dream about it. So do not miss your chance to become parents.
Any woman should know that, as such, "dangerous" and "safe" days simply do not exist. Because at the end of sexual intercourse, sperm, once in the genital tract, feel great for 5–8 days. Even in the case of a regular menstrual cycle, you are not 100% insured, because ovulation can happen ahead of time.
People call them "spirals". They are placed in the uterus, and the procedure is absolutely painless, subject to its implementation on specific days of the menstrual cycle. This should be discussed in advance with the doctor. Removing the IUD is quite simple, with the help of thin filaments extending into the vagina.
This is a good method of contraception, however, is not suitable for all women. If a woman does not give birth or there is inflammation in the uterus, it is better to use other methods.
Such tablets in their composition do not contain estrogens, the use of which can cause complications. They can even be used by nursing mothers. However, they should be drunk continuously, since any interruption may entail conception. Each hormonal agent is prescribed by a doctor. You should not use "Microlut" or "Exclusive" just because they came up to a friend. In addition, you need to know that, in the absence of menstruation, it is imperative to pay a visit to the doctor and make an ultrasound scan to exclude pregnancy.
This operation is performed for both women and men. However, it is irreversible and is done only to people who already have children and consciously do not want to give birth anymore. This method does not enjoy great fame, since it is quite difficult for more people to take this step, and according to the law, it can be done only upon reaching 30 years of age.
Calculation of safe days
The calendar method of contraception has been used by women as a contraceptive for many years. This way to avoid unwanted pregnancy is free and convenient for both partners. A woman is required only to closely monitor the menstrual cycle and, preferably, their feelings.
So, how is the calculation of safe days, what is needed for this? Know the length of your menstrual cycle. Moreover, it is desirable to take the average. To do this, calculate the sum of all the days of the menstrual cycle for the last 6 months and divide by 6. The resulting number, usually 26-35, divided by 2. Thus, you can get an approximate day of ovulation. Well, since the sperm live in the female genital tract for up to three days, it is also dangerous for three days before ovulation. But in order for sure to protect yourself, it is better to abstain even three days after ovulation.
If you decide to use the calendar method of contraception and want to calculate ovulation, then the days most favorable for conception will help you calculate the calendar that the program calculates especially for you. And your task will go only to remember the first day of the last menstrual cycle and its (cycle) duration.
Interrupted sexual intercourse as a method of contraception is often used in conjunction with the calendar. It increases its effectiveness. But besides the calendar, it will be even better to be guided by your feelings. Many women have learned to feel ovulation. In this way, safe days can be “more precisely” adjusted. So, what are the signs of ovulation, the day when you should never have sex without a reliable means of contraception, if pregnancy is not included in the plans.
1. Pain. Pulling or stitching from the side. Not strong, not requiring anesthesia, not worsening state of health.
2. Enhance sexual attraction.
3. Abundant mucous vaginal discharge, rarely bloody.
4. A sharp increase in basal temperature (approximately 0.4-0.6 degrees).
After ovulation, women experience tenderness in the breast area. There may be swelling in the evenings. A little later, there are signs of premenstrual syndrome.
Protection from pregnancy by natural contraception is considered more reliable if ovulation is determined using special tests sold in pharmacies. However, this method is very expensive.
This calendar allows you to calculate the days of onset of ovulation for free, online: